P. 8 from Who Rules The World? By Noam Chomsky.
The foregoing remarks seem to me to sketch a fair approximation to the cast
of primary characters. The chapters that follow seek to explore the question of
who rules the world, how they proceed in their efforts, and where these lead—
and how the “underlying populations,” to borrow Thorstein Veblen’s useful
phrase, may hope to overcome the power of business and nationalist doctrine
and become, in his words, “alive and fit to live.”
Does (these) refer to (efforts)?