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The following is a short article from my text paper.

Now satellites are helping to forecast the weather. They are in space, and they can reach any part of the world. The satellites take pictures of the atmosphere because this is where the weather forms. (a)They send these pictures to *the weather stations*. So meteorologists can see the weather of any part of the world. (b)From the pictures, *the scientist* *can often say* how the weather will change. Today, nearly five hundred weather stations in sixty countries receive satellite pictures. When they receive new pictures, the meteorologists compare them with earlier ones. Perhaps they may find that the clouds have changed during the last few hours. This may mean that the weather on the ground may soon change, too. (c)In their next weather forecast, the meteorologists can *say this*. So the weather satellites were invented, the scientists could forecast the weather for about 24 or 48 hours. Now they can make good forecasts for three or five days. Soon, perhaps, they may be able to forecast the weather for a week or more ahead.

I am not sure whether this article was written or proofread by a native speaker or not. I just find something odd in it.
(1)In sentence a, I think the THE before "weather stations" should be deleted. Am I right?
(2)In sentence b, I think the THE before "scientist" should be deleted. Am I right? Is "can often say" in the correct order?
(3)In sentence c, I think it's very odd and unnatural with the choice of words of "say this". Am I right?
(4)Is there anything else odd or wrong with this article?

Thank you so much!
Last edited {1}
Original Post

Hello, Barry,

Please visit the Guidelines link in the toolbar at the top of this webpage. The Grammar Exchange is not a copyediting or proofreading service.

If you would like to explore a particular grammatical issue in this passage, or a particular grammatical topic it interests you in, please ask only about that.

Ignoring everything but the question related to the title of this thread, I will say that I agree with you that "the" should have been omitted.

The writer, who is likely nonnative, may have gotten confused, since we use "the" before "weather" when "weather" is the head of a noun phrase.

In "the weather stations," however, "weather" functions adjectivally, as an attributive noun. The head noun is "stations" (cf. "the stations").

Because no weather stations have been referred to, we do not know which stations "the weather stations" refers to.

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