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Hi, Grammar Man,

@Former Member posted:

I just want to know what does "to be" mean and what is the use of it?

The structure above is equivalent to:

- Akhila knows (that) these are mere illusions...

There are some verbs of mental process that accept both patterns:

- Verb + that + Noun Phrase + tensed form of be
- Verb + Noun Phrase + to be

- She knows (that) they are illusions / She knows them to be illusions.

- I found (that) they were illusions / I found them to be illusions.

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