to wait and waiting

 Dear teachers,

1.  Waiting for people who were late made him angry

1a. It made him angry waiting for people who were late.

Similarly,  ''to wait'' is used with the same function: subject as in (1).

2. To wait for people who were late made him angry.

2a.  It made him angry to wait for people who were late.

Please tell me if all the sentences are correct and what is the functions of ''waiting'' and ''to wait'' in 1a and 2a are. 

Thanks. 


 

 

Original Post

Hello, Coco,

All four sentences are correct. Your (a) versions show the infinitival or gerundial subject anticipated by "it," so in those sentences "it" is the grammatical subject and "waiting/to wait for people who were late," the real or logical subject.

The more natural choices are (1) (when the non-finite is in front position) and (2a) (when the non-finite is anticipated by "it"). (2) and (1a) are fine but not so common or idiomatic.

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