Is the needed in the following sentences? What does the sentences with and without the mean?

  1. (The) people who stand by you in your tough times are the best friends of yours.

  2. This notice is for (the) people who want to donate blood in the camp near the university ground.

  3. (The) students who used to read at this school are very successful now.

  4. Nikolas Maduro betrayed (the) people who voted for him.

Another question, please tell me is it necessary to use the ?

5- John: What do you think about nikolas maduro getting elected as president regularly after so much anarchism in Venezuela? Me:- I think the people have no choice other than him to vote for.

I think 'the' is necessary. what do you think?

I admit I have asked this kind of question many times. As an ESL learner it is still not clear. Can I have a broad discussion please so that I can understand the whole thing?

Original Post

Hi, Subhajit123,

As I told you in this other thread which you seem to have overlooked, the article "the" before postmodified plural nouns seems to have a totalizing effect (all the students, all the people).

Only in (1) is "the" actually required, and that is because the subject complement is quite definite:

1. The people who stand by you in your tough times are the best friends of yours (I prefer: your best friends).

When the article is not there, it may sound more natural to use "some" ("any" in the case of sentence (2)).

subhajit123 posted:

I admit I have asked this kind of question many times. As an ESL learner it is still not clear. Can I have a broad discussion please so that I can understand the whole thing?

Personally, I can't promise that. Have you tried to at least put together the numberless answers we have given you about this topic all this time?

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