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Hello, everyone,

Sometimes we act as if our human intelligence and self-awareness is the only kind worth having, and that other beings must be and behave like us.”

While recently I’ve found ‘as if’ clause is followed by ‘that’ clause, I feel ‘and’ by itself would be enough without ‘that’, because I think the conjunction ‘as if’ solely is covering the whole two sentences here to make likely comparisons. I would appreciate if you kindly explain me why the author added ‘that’ in this context with its function here.

* source; ‘Scary Smart: The Future of Artificial Intelligence and How You Can Save Our World’

https://books.google.co.kr/boo...0that%22&f=false

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@deepcosmos posted:

Hello, everyone,

Sometimes we act as if our human intelligence and self-awareness is the only kind worth having, and that other beings must be and behave like us.”

While recently I’ve found ‘as if’ clause is followed by ‘that’ clause, I feel ‘and’ by itself would be enough without ‘that’, because I think the conjunction ‘as if’ solely is covering the whole two sentences here to make likely comparisons. I would appreciate if you kindly explain me why the author added ‘that’ in this context with its function here.

* source; ‘Scary Smart: The Future of Artificial Intelligence and How You Can Save Our World’

https://books.google.co.kr/boo...0that%22&f=false

Hello, Deepcosmos—The example you have quoted is ungrammatical, precisely because of the underlined "that," which is incorrect. "As if" cannot be followed by complementizer "that." When "as if" is followed by "that" grammatically, "that" functions as a demonstrative pronoun or a demonstrative determiner.

(1) He acts as if that didn't matter. (demonstrative pronoun)
(2) He acts as if that issue didn't matter. (demonstrative determiner)
(3) *He acts as if that he didn't care at all. (complementizer)

The example you have quoted is ungrammatical, precisely because of the underlined "that," which is incorrect. "As if" cannot be followed by complementizer "that." When "as if" is followed by "that" grammatically, "that" functions as a demonstrative pronoun or a demonstrative determiner.

(1) He acts as if that didn't matter. (demonstrative pronoun)
(2) He acts as if that issue didn't matter. (demonstrative determiner)
(3) *He acts as if that he didn't care at all. (complementizer)

Hi, David, sincerely thanks for your supports as always.

Last edited by deepcosmos

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