We can say "I don't know what to do/when to go/where to go" etc. Can we say the following?

1a. I don't know at what time to go.
1b. I don't know what time to go at.
1c. I don't know what time to go.

2a. I don't know in which city to settle.
2b. I don't know which city to settle in.
2c. I don't know which city to settle.

Thanks.

Chuncan Feng
Original Post
1a. I don't know at what time to go.

Very formal style.

1b. I don't know what time to go at.

Very casual style, since the preposition at is not necessary.

1c. I don't know what time to go.

This is the usual form.

2a. I don't know in which city to settle.

Correct, formal style. Settle here means to establish a home, put down roots. It requires a preposition.

2b. I don't know which city to settle in.

This is standard informal style.

2c. I don't know which city to settle.

Not possible. Settle, with a geographic location as direct object (no preposition), is used with groups of people who move into and establish homes in an area that did not have inhabitants (or had indigenous people) before. For example

The colonists who settled that island were French Huguenots

This use of settle is most often found in the passive, with the geographic location as the grammatical subject:

This part of the Northeast was settled by many different ethnic groups

Marilyn Martin
We were taught that there was a preposition missing in the phrase "what time to go". Thank you very much for your explanation.

Here are three follow-up questions:

1. Can we say "I don't know who to help me", as another way of saying "I don't know who will help me"?

2. Without further context, which should we say, "I don't know in which city to settle" or "I don't know in what city to settle"?

3. Which is the right form, who or whom, in "I don't know ____ to ask for help"?

Thank you.

Chuncan Feng
Chuncan Feng's follow-up questions have been posted as three individual questions. Because the Grammar Exchange posted them, they appear to be from the Grammar Exchange, but the questions are really from Chuncan Feng.

Rachel

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