What is the subject of the following sentence?


In one of the bloodiest battle of the Civil war, fought at Sharpsburg, Maryland, on September 17, 1982, four times as many Americans were killed as would later be killed on the beaches of Normandy during D-Day.

Original Post
The grammatical subject of the sentence is "Americans." The grammatical subject of a sentence is a single noun or pronoun (unless there are more than one subject linked by a conjunction like "and"). Modifiers do not form part of the subject. It's hard to see the grammatical subject here because it is modified by a complex comparative, "four times as many...as"

In simpler form, the sentence would be

More Americans were killed in the Battle of Sharpsburg, MD....than [the number of Americans who] would later be killed on the beaches of Normandy...

Instead of "more (Americans)...than..." the writer uses "four times as many (Americans) ...as." The expression "four times as many (Americans) as..." is the same kind of modifier as "more (Americans) ...than...."

Marilyn Martin
The construction itself is an appositive. It's not a full clause, since it does not have a grammatical subject or a main verb. It's a noun phrase, with the pronoun "many" standing for "many computers." The full form of the sentence would be

There is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, [which is] four times as many [computers] as there were four years ago

Marilyn Martin

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