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I am firmly convinced ........... the exam.

( that I have passed - to have passed - to pass)

Hello, Basant—The only answer that works is "that I have passed," which functions as the complement of "convinced" (here an adjective).

  • I am firmly convinced that I have passed the exam.

"To have passed" would be possible in a different context, without a first-person subject and with a modal verb like "must":

  • He must be firmly convinced to have passed the exam.

There, "to have passed the exam" functions as a sentence adjunct, not as the complement of "convinced." It presupposes that he passed the exam.

By the way, the title you have given this thread is not in compliance with Grammar Exchange guidelines. Please give the thread an appropriate title.

Last edited by David, Moderator

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