I'd like to ask about the variation of the question style.

Would you take a look at the following sentences?
1) Who was this CD produced by?
2) By whom was this CD produced?

3) Whom was this CD produced by?

I think 1) and 2) is correct. 2) is probably formal. However what I'd like to know is whether 3) is still grammatically acceptable or not. When you make a question sentence, do you sometimes use "whom"? Or is "whom" obsolete in the question?

Thank you.
Original Post
Most speakers would use the active form

"” Who produced this CD?


"” Who is/was the producer of this CD?

Of the two sentences, Sentence 1 is the more natural, and 2 the more formal, as Lina observes.

Sentence 3 is less natural for this reason: It has a preposition at the end, which is a mark of informal or standard usage, and "whom" at the beginning, which is a mark of formal style. The combination isn't incorrect, just somewhat incongruous.


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