He hasn't studied hard enough. He won't / isn't going to pass the exams.
The plate is very hot. If you touch it, you will burn / are going to burn yourself. 
What are the best choices, please?
Thanks!

Original Post

Hi, MUH,

Muh1994 posted:

He hasn't studied hard enough. He won't / isn't going to pass the exams.

Both choices are grammatically correct. However, according to the way we teach future sentences in our books, I see that 'won't' is the better choice. The idea is that that person has already studied, so there is a possibility that he will or won't pass. Here, the prediction is based on my belief, and not on a present reality.

Muh1994 posted:

The plate is very hot. If you touch it, you will burn / are going to burn yourself. 

In an exam, I would go with 'will'. That's because of the presence of 'If' and that's just a mere warning. However, in real life, if the listener is about to touch the hot pot, and the speaker is warning him, then 'are going to' will be the correct answer.  

 

Thank you so much, AHMED_BTM.
What about the following?
1_ "He has studied hard this term. He is going to pass/will pass the exams."
2_ "He is studying hard this term. He is going to pass/will pass the exams."
3_ "He hasn't studied anything this term.  He won't / isn't going to pass the exams."

Muh1994 posted:

Thank you so much, AHMED_BTM.
What about the following?
1_ "He has studied hard this term. He is going to pass/will pass the exams."
2_ "He is studying hard this term. He is going to pass/will pass the exams."
3_ "He hasn't studied anything this term.  He won't / isn't going to pass the exams."

Both choices are possible in all your questions, especially (1) and (2). You are pushing towards 'is going to' but the problem with your questions is that my knowledge of his studying hard doesn't represent clear evidence for his success.  Concerning the third question, I see that if the focus is on 'anything', the better answer will be 'isn't going to'. However, 'will' works well in all your questions, as well. 

Last edited by ahmed_btm

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