Without

egyptian2017 posted:

Without looking where he was going , the man ......... into a tree .

( would walk  -  would have walked  )

Hi, Egyptian2017: That's an interesting question. Although I am a bit more partial to "would have walked" ("Without looking where he was going, the man would have walked into a tree"), I find "would walk" acceptable as well ("Without looking where he was going, the man would walk into a tree").

With "would have walked," the sentence is semantically equivalent to a Type 3 conditional: "If he hadn't looked where he was going, the man would have walked into a tree." With "would walk," the sentence is equivalent to a Type 2 conditional: "If he didn't look where he was going, the man would walk into a tree."

What does the Egyptian Ministry of Education give as the "model answer"?

David, Moderator posted:
egyptian2017 posted:

Without looking where he was going , the man ......... into a tree .

( would walk  -  would have walked  )

Hi, Egyptian2017: That's an interesting question. Although I am a bit more partial to "would have walked" ("Without looking where he was going, the man would have walked into a tree"), I find "would walk" acceptable as well ("Without looking where he was going, the man would walk into a tree").

With "would have walked," the sentence is semantically equivalent to a Type 3 conditional: "If he hadn't looked where he was going, the man would have walked into a tree." With "would walk," the sentence is equivalent to a Type 2 conditional: "If he didn't look where he was going, the man would walk into a tree."

What does the Egyptian Ministry of Education give as the "model answer"?

Thank you so much David

The model answer is " would walk " , but like you ,I tend to use " would have walked " .

Frankly, I don't like either option.  They are grammatical, but I can't imagine any native speaker of English phasing a conditional that way.  David's examples "If he hadn't looked ... " and "If he didn't look ... " are much more natural.

The only option that works for me is simply "walked":

Without looking where he was going, the man walked into a tree.

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