All Forum Topics

Featured Topics

Use of Quotes

David, Moderator
Our Policy on the Use of Quotations We understand that members occasionally desire or need to ask grammar-related questions about sentences or phrases that were written by others, and it is perfectly acceptable for you to do so. However, if you wish to include sentences or phrases in a post that were not originally written by you, you must do two things: 1) You must show punctuationally that they are not your words. 2) You must cite what you have taken the text from. The easiest way to...Read More...

Topics

Noun Phrase

Hey there, I have some question about noun phrases in the examples: 1. There is so much about languages I would like to understand. --> Is 'so much about languages I would like to understand' a noun phrase? 2. Jack has played the guitar for more than five months. --> Is 'more than five months' a noun phrase (as part of a prepositional phrase?) And if yes, is 'more' or 'months' the head of the noun phrase? 3. With my sister playing the piano all the time, it's hard to focus on my...Read More...
Of course you don't. Answering questions to the best of our knowledge is our mission here (actually, nobody forces us to do so), so we are always happy to be of help. Just like "not only/but also" in your example (6) further above, "both/and" are correlative conjunctions, and this makes the whole structure a single (though compound) NP. "both" will be a determiner only when modifying a plural noun and meaning "the two of them": Both students are good. "with flowers and green spaces" is a...Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

can you correctlly say Bordeauxs, Burgandies

Hi, I wonder if you could let me have your feelings about these situations. 1. When we are referring to wine - can we correctly lower case the word - champagne, bordeaux, burgundy or should it always be upper case even when we are talking generally. For example, a champagne, a bordeaux, a burgundy 2. If we are referring to more than one - can we say champagnes, bordeauxs, burgundies Grateful for your thoughts. Thanks. I look forward to hearing from you. Warmest regards, SusanRead More...
Interesting. If I ordered a Coke and was asked "What kind?", I would assume that I was being asked to choose from among regular Coke, Diet Coke, Cherry Coke, Caffein-Free Coke, etc. The Coca-Cola Company fought in the courts for decades to keep their competitors from using the word "cola" in their product names. It wasn't until 1944 that the courts decided that Coca-Cola didn't own the word. Then Coca-Cola sent a "secret shopper" into a drug store to order a Coke. They served him a Pepsi,...Read More...
Last Reply By Doc V · First Unread Post

smell the bread bake

I can smell the bread _______ . a. bake b. baked c. baking Are they all correct? What are the differences? Thanks!Read More...

Are both or both are

Which sentence of these two is more correct? 1- There are two restaurants by the park and they are both very good. 2- There are two restaurants by the park and they both are very good. Let me know which one is right. If they both are correct, let me know if there is a difference in meaning. As usual, I really appreciate it. Thanks in advance.Read More...
They are both grammatically correct. Personally, I prefer: 3: There are two very good restaurants by the park. Note that in (2), "they" can be omitted: 2a: There are two restaurants by the park and both are very good. You can't do that with (1). DocVRead More...
Last Reply By Doc V · First Unread Post

Leave or omit object?

cocoricot
Dear teachers, 1. "The coffee is too hot for me to drink the coffee." I know that I can omit the second "the coffee" because it is redundant. There is no need to repeat it because it is clear that everyone knows it. -> The coffee is too hot for me to drink. 2. "Peter is too young to take care of himself." Is it a similar case? Does it mean that 'himself' can also be omitted? Please explain to me. Thanks.Read More...
Hello, Coco, You've asked a very interesting question. I agree with DocV's answer and would like to add that everything relates here to subject and object within infinitive clauses. You might not be accustomed to thinking of infinitive constructions as clauses, but they are: they have a subject and a predicate. But the verb in infintiive clauses lacks tense. That's why they are referred to as nonfinite clauses. (1a) The coffee is too hot for me to drink. (1b) The coffee is too hot to drink.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Singular or plural

Could you please help me answer this? Choose: She is one of the few women who ......climbed Everest. A. has B. have C. BothRead More...
Hi, Sedo and Ahmed, I agree with your answer, Ahmed. Both the singular and the plural form are commonly used in that construction by native speakers. The strict correctness of using the plural, however, becomes obvious when one rearranges the sentence: (B1) She is one of the few women who have climbed Mount Everest . (B2) Of the few women who have climbed Mount Everest , she is one. (B3) * Of the few women who has climbed Mount Everest , she is one .Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

too vs so

Which is more suitable? 1. Children can be SO naughty sometimes. 2. Children can be TOO naughty sometimes.Read More...

Wish

Hi there, Just want to double check something here. Q. Write a sentence with 'wish'. I don't get enough exercise. I wish I could lead a healthier lifestyle. But, is 'I wish I lead a healthier lifestyle' possible? Could is better in this case because there is a possibility of it being true? What are your thoughts?Read More...
I agree with what Gustavo says, and I'd like to add a few thoughts of my own. 1a: I wish I could lead a healthier lifestyle. 1b: I wish I led a healthier lifestyle. As Gustavo says, (1a) is used by someone who wants to lead a healthier lifestyle, but can't; something is preventing him. The same person could say (1b) instead, but there are a number of other circumstances where (1b) might be used. For example, he may have just noticed how bad his habits are, and feels ashamed. Kes, you wrote:...Read More...
Last Reply By Doc V · First Unread Post

Both or each

grandmother says that my brothers and I can ........... take a cake from the kitchen. 1- each 2- every 3- both 4- either I guess the suitable answer is (1). But, I'm not sure. If I'm right, I don't know why (3) isn't suitable. Thanks in advance.Read More...
DocV, I'm honored to share you the same opinion.Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

So or such

Help me with this question taken from our school book. It's ........... hot outside that I can't go shopping. a) enough b) too c) such d) so I think the answer is (d). But one of my colleagues told me the answer was (c) because" it Is " or " it was " should be followed by " Such ". Please, let me know which is right. Thanks.Read More...
Yes, the correct answer here is: d) so Thank you Doc V for answering this question in particular and clarifying the fabrication of this rule. Regrettably, it isn't one of Yama's colleagues who mentioned that fabricated information above. That information is mentioned in one of our outside books which thousands of pupils and hundreds of teachers trust. The puzzle is that the sentence above is written correctly in our student book page 32. It says: It is so hot outside …. . I wonder from which...Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

will have to

you .............get up early tomorrow if you want to catch the bus. (have to/will have to/don't have to/don't) the answer in the book (don't have to) why can't I choose (will have to)Read More...
Hi, poet, May I ask about the name of this book? There are two possible answers here. Both 'have to' and 'will have to' are correct answers.Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

won't have to or don't have to

you ..... ..........come if you don't want to. (won't have to or don't have to)Read More...
Hello, Poet20, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange! This appears to be an exercise from a workbook or perhaps an item from a test. It is OK for members to ask questions about such items, but we encourage members to do more than simply present the exercise. Try to say why you feel uncertain of the answer, or tell us which answer you think is right. The answer to your exercise is "don't have to": " You don't have to come if you don't want to ." The other answer, "won't have to," is not...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

So - very - too - enough

Carol had a bad experience in that shop. They were ........ rude to her for no reason. 1- so 2- very 3- too 4- enough Let me know what is the best answer. If possible, tell me why you chose it. Thanks.Read More...
Is there any other difference between " So " and " very " other than the one mentioned above in the quotation? I'm asking because the difference you mentioned won't help me much in answering other questions which aren't related to emtions. As always, thanks for your much appreciated help.Read More...
Last Reply By Yama · First Unread Post

Phrasal verbs

Hussein Hassan
Hello, our teachers. I need your help. With regard to the phrasal verbs, the rule says: "If the object is a pronoun (such as it, him, her, them), then the object always comes between the verb and the adverb. https://en.oxforddictionaries....rammar/phrasal-verbs - He received a job offer, but he turned it down . That's what I've explained to my students. The following sentence is excerpted from the book I teach ( Aim high 6 ): "When it comes to traits like the colour of your eyes or your...Read More...
Last Reply By ceedhanna · First Unread Post

Enough, so much, or a lot

This didn't cost ............. to go to the trouble of getting a refund. 1- such 2- enough 3- so much 4- a lot Can you tell what the best choice is? I think it's ( enough) because of the "to + infinitive" following the empty space. Thanks in advance.Read More...
Ok, Yama. No problem. I thought you were complaining. The way you expressed yourself was fine. I only misinterpreted you.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

Either or all

We have seen different suitcases and............... of them will fit inside the aeroplane. Just choose one! 1..both 2.. Either 3.. neither 4.. All Can you help me choose the correct answer? I guess 4 is ok. But, I'm not sure, because of the word "one" at the end of the sentence. Please let me know what you think. Thanks a lot.Read More...
Thanks for your help. I'm truly sorry for any unintended mistakes. I'll do my best to avoid these mistakes again. Thanks again.Read More...
Last Reply By Yama · First Unread Post

Help with grammatical terminology please

Can a grammar bod help me to explain what is missing in this sentence. I need the proper grammatical terminology! " Approximately 15% chance of failure if a person had one previously, or 25% if a person has had two." Obviously this sentence is a fragment, it needs something added like "There is an approximately 15%..." to make is a proper sentence (or rewriting). But what's the grammatical term for what's missing? Is it that the sentence doesn't have a subject? (Is "There is" a subject?) Or...Read More...
Hey Gustavo - this is super helpful, thanks! "grammatical subject" that's what I was after.Read More...
Last Reply By Toom · First Unread Post

Use "they" when you don't know the gender.

1 If I don't know the gender, I should use "they", not "that person or this person" in the present. Ex: a I should say "If you meet someone today, they'd better be a doctor." not "If you meet someone today, that person / this person had better be a doctor.". b I should say "I'm looking for someone reasonable from the FBI to mediate my situation, and I'd be very grateful if I could find them (not that person / this person)." c I should say "When you pray for someone—how does your prayer...Read More...

It Is/Was The Hardest Thing I Have..

Hi there, Should I use is or was with present perfect tense "I have ever done" in the following context? Here's the context: A year ago, I climbed to the top of a hill after trying for three hours. Oh my God, that is/was the hardest thing I have ever done.Read More...
I agree with Hussein. An exception can be made if you have just finished climbing the hill, in which case it is possible to say That was the hardest thing I have ever done. But it is never wrong to use "is" in that sentence. DocVRead More...
Last Reply By Doc V · First Unread Post

figure out how to complain

a. He has yet to come across a book he can't figure out how to complain about. b. He has yet to come across a problem he can't find someone to solve. c. He has never met a man he didn't know how to find fault with. d. He has never met someone he couldn't find a way to deal with. Are the above sentences grammatical? I know one can end sentences with prepositions. That is not a problem for me. Many thanks.Read More...
Hi, Azz, What an interesting batch of sentences. They are all certifiably bad, but none of them is certifiably ungrammatical. In the linguistic literature, they would receive question marks, not ungrammaticality asterisks. Each of your sentences contains a syntactic island violation. In (a) and (c), you are trying to relativize an element contained in embedded questions; in (b) and (d), you are trying to relativize an element that itself comes from a relative clause. Relative clauses and...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

fundamentally wrong and primarily wrong

Hi! I came across this IELTS grammar exercise (on this website: https://www.examenglish.com/IELTS/ielts_grammar_test2.htm ): The conclusions of the climate deniers _______ wrong. a) up to a point b) fundamentally c) primarily According to the website, the correct answer is "b) fundamentally". I don't understand why answer "c) primarily" is incorrect. I researched "primarily wrong" in Google's search box and several hits came up with this combination. I know that this is not a guarantee that...Read More...
You're right. I forgot to include the word "are". Oops! Glad you caught that! Thanks for you quick response and clear explanation!Read More...
Last Reply By shantower · First Unread Post

Too or so

I'm........... hungry. When will dinner be ready? 1- such a lot 2- too 3- so 4- enough I think, the answer must be 2 or 3. I have no idea which one is better. Please, let me know what you think. If possible, let me know why you chose your answer. Thanks a lot.Read More...
In keeping with the same line of thought I followed here , I'd use (3) so , Yama. I'd reserve too for a context in which some negative consequence is implied, for example: - I'm too hungry to wait two hours for dinner. I'll have a sandwich.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

Enough, so, too or such

The exam was.............. difficult for me. 1- enough 2- so 3- too 4- such Help me answer this question. Thanks in advance.Read More...
Hi, Yama, I suspect your book, or your teacher, expects you to use "too." However, "so" would also be possible. "too" is more negative, the result being that the speaker did not pass the exam. "so" would be a colloquial way of saying "very" or "rather."Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

the free verse that is really verse...

1) Yvor Winters , the poet/critic said "the free verse that is really verse, the best that is, of W.C. Williams , H. D. , Marianne Moore , Wallace Stevens , and Ezra Pound is the antithesis of free" Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_verse#cite_ref-autogenerated1937_8-1 The Wikipedia article cites as the source of the quoted passage this book: Primitivism and Decadence: A Study of American Experimental Poetry Arrow Editions, New York, 1937 I think '1' is unambiguously saying that the...Read More...
Hi, Navi, I think there is a couple of commas missing in (1), one to close the two appositions "the poet/critic" and "the best, that is, of ... and Ezra Pound," and another to precede the reformulatory "that is." 1') Yvor Winters , the poet/critic , said "the free verse that is really verse, the best , that is, of W.C. Williams , H. D. , Marianne Moore , Wallace Stevens , and Ezra Pound , is the antithesis of free." I find "that is for instance" redundant in (2). At least, I'd separate them,...Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post
×
×
×
×