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Use of Quotes

David, Moderator
Our Policy on the Use of Quotations We understand that members occasionally desire or need to ask grammar-related questions about sentences or phrases that were written by others, and it is perfectly acceptable for you to do so. However, if you wish to include sentences or phrases in a post that were not originally written by you, you must do two things: 1) You must show punctuationally that they are not your words. 2) You must cite what you have taken the text from. The easiest way to...Read More...

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Over or above

I saw this question in an " outside book " called " the best ". 320 kilometres .............. the earth, a space station will orbit the earth. a) over b) on c) above d) in I don't think it's (b) or (d). If I were to guess, I'd choose (c). But, I can't say why it's better than (a). Please, let me know what you think. Thanks for your help.Read More...
Yama, Good answer. As you saw, (b) and (d) make no sense here. The difference between (a) and (c) is that "over" doesn't lend itself to quantification in the way that "above" does. Without the quantifier "320 kilometres", either one would work. By the way, thank you very much for citing your source. Unfortunately, The Best doesn't live up to its name. Once again, their example sentence is extremely poorly written. Even though it is not technically incorrect, it sounds hideous. The worst...Read More...
Last Reply By Doc V · First Unread Post

{homeless} as a nominalized adjective

grammarcrazed
Hello everyone: Can I use 'homeless' as a nominalized adjective in the following sentences? a. I spotted three homeless in this area this morning. b. Three homeless were arrested for trespassing on private property. ThanksRead More...
Grammarcrazed, When used with a number, "homeless" needs to have a noun to modify. a': I spotted three homeless men in this area this morning. b': Three homeless people were arrested for trespassing on private property. However, "homeless" can often be nominalized when preceded by the definite article. c: She's being working as an advocate for the homeless for thirty years. d: Because of their sheer numbers, the homeless have become a force to be reckoned with in our local politics. DocVRead More...
Last Reply By Doc V · First Unread Post

feel

cocoricot
Dear teachers, I am always confused about how to use the verb "feel''. Sometimes when it is used with the present continuous is considered wrong; sometimes it is correct. For example in the sentence: How do you feel/ are you feeling now? Better than before? I think the present continuous is better? Am I right? Please explain to me. Thanks a lot.Read More...
Thank you, DocV, for your help. It is easy to understand.Read More...
Last Reply By cocoricot · First Unread Post

infinitive

Hi, Do these sentences sound natural? They go play football on weekends. He goes play football very often. Thank you very much.Read More...
Kuen, Please use numbers or letters to index your examples in order to make it easier to refer back to them. 1: They go play football on weekends. 2: He goes play football very often. It's fairly common to see the construct "go + [verb]", most commonly in the imperative: 3a: Go get us some food. 3b: Go play with your friends. Almost as often, I see it in the future tense: 4: I'm going to go take a shower. or with some other modal: 5: You need to go find someplace else to live. Rarely, I'll...Read More...
Last Reply By Doc V · First Unread Post

Noun Phrase

Hey there, I have some question about noun phrases in the examples: 1. There is so much about languages I would like to understand. --> Is 'so much about languages I would like to understand' a noun phrase? 2. Jack has played the guitar for more than five months. --> Is 'more than five months' a noun phrase (as part of a prepositional phrase?) And if yes, is 'more' or 'months' the head of the noun phrase? 3. With my sister playing the piano all the time, it's hard to focus on my...Read More...
Yes, "just over" modifies "a five-minute bike ride" just as "only" does. I'm not so sure that we should leave "from the school" within the phrase. Actually, we can say: Q: How far is the house from the school? A: Only a five-minute bike ride. A': Just over a five-minute bike ride. The only difference I seem to find is that, even if it wouldn't be so usual or natural, "only" could be placed at the end: A'': A five-minute bike ride only. Instead, because of its typical usage with numbers...Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

Wish

Hi there, Just want to double check something here. Q. Write a sentence with 'wish'. I don't get enough exercise. I wish I could lead a healthier lifestyle. But, is 'I wish I lead a healthier lifestyle' possible? Could is better in this case because there is a possibility of it being true? What are your thoughts?Read More...
Kes, thank you for the background information. My niece used to teach ESL in Japan also. We'll look forward to seeing you again. As this is a forum, helpful comments are welcome from all members. DocVRead More...
Last Reply By Doc V · First Unread Post

prefer that a stranger be the star

"We may prefer that a stranger 'be' the star of the show than a friend whose success we'll be reminded of all too soon." Is 'be' correct here? Is something omitted in front of 'be'? When do you use it like this? Thanks!Read More...
Hi, Kis, I agree with DocV that the present subjunctive ("be") is correct there. "Prefer" is a verb that commonly takes the present subjunctive in "that"-clause complements, especially in American English. Here is an example from A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language , by Quirk et al. (1985): (2) "I prefer that she drive ." (p. 1014) In British English, the "that"-clause commonly contains "putative should ": (3) "I prefer that she should drive ." ( ibid .) Perhaps that is what you...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

So or such

Help me with this question taken from our school book. It's ........... hot outside that I can't go shopping. a) enough b) too c) such d) so I think the answer is (d). But one of my colleagues told me the answer was (c) because" it Is " or " it was " should be followed by " Such ". Please, let me know which is right. Thanks.Read More...
Thanks for your help.Read More...
Last Reply By Yama · First Unread Post

Both or each

grandmother says that my brothers and I can ........... take a cake from the kitchen. 1- each 2- every 3- both 4- either I guess the suitable answer is (1). But, I'm not sure. If I'm right, I don't know why (3) isn't suitable. Thanks in advance.Read More...
Thank you both.Read More...
Last Reply By Yama · First Unread Post

Are both or both are

Which sentence of these two is more correct? 1- There are two restaurants by the park and they are both very good. 2- There are two restaurants by the park and they both are very good. Let me know which one is right. If they both are correct, let me know if there is a difference in meaning. As usual, I really appreciate it. Thanks in advance.Read More...
Thanks for your help.Read More...
Last Reply By Yama · First Unread Post

below the hills

a. Under b. Below c. Beneath d. Underneath Which of these necessarily means directly under in such a way that a vertical line can connect the two objects? We do say 'below sea level', but not 'under sea level'. Could one say 'The city was below the hills' ? Could one say: ' The city lay below the hills '? Could one say: ' We were standing below the mountains '? Could one say: ' Romeo was standing below Juliet's window '? (My feeling is that here we need 'under' because he is directly under...Read More...
Thank you so much. Amazing replies! Very thorough! I loved them! Just amazing. I don't know how to thank you. I really appreciate all the work you have put into this. This is the best grammar site! David, DocV and Gustavo, the three musketeers of grammar! Many thanks.Read More...
Last Reply By azz · First Unread Post

Leave or omit object?

cocoricot
Dear teachers, 1. "The coffee is too hot for me to drink the coffee." I know that I can omit the second "the coffee" because it is redundant. There is no need to repeat it because it is clear that everyone knows it. -> The coffee is too hot for me to drink. 2. "Peter is too young to take care of himself." Is it a similar case? Does it mean that 'himself' can also be omitted? Please explain to me. Thanks.Read More...
Thank you, David and Doc V, very much. Your explanations are very helpful for me and others to study English. Thanks again.Read More...
Last Reply By cocoricot · First Unread Post

smell the bread bake

I can smell the bread _______ . a. bake b. baked c. baking Are they all correct? What are the differences? Thanks!Read More...
Excellent answer, David. I agree with you that that would not be the natural interpretation. The position of past participles in adjectival function is one of those curiosities one can hardly ever explain. While they tend to appear before the noun, they sometimes follow it, esp. when something else follows: - I can smell the bread baked by my neighbor. - I can smell the bread baked in my brandnew oven. (In both cases, "baked" is short for "that has been baked.")Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

can you correctlly say Bordeauxs, Burgandies

Hi, I wonder if you could let me have your feelings about these situations. 1. When we are referring to wine - can we correctly lower case the word - champagne, bordeaux, burgundy or should it always be upper case even when we are talking generally. For example, a champagne, a bordeaux, a burgundy 2. If we are referring to more than one - can we say champagnes, bordeauxs, burgundies Grateful for your thoughts. Thanks. I look forward to hearing from you. Warmest regards, SusanRead More...
Interesting. If I ordered a Coke and was asked "What kind?", I would assume that I was being asked to choose from among regular Coke, Diet Coke, Cherry Coke, Caffeine-Free Coke, etc. The Coca-Cola Company fought in the courts for decades to keep their competitors from using the word "cola" in their product names. It wasn't until 1944 that the courts decided that Coca-Cola didn't own the word. Then Coca-Cola sent a "secret shopper" into a drug store to order a Coke. They served him a Pepsi,...Read More...
Last Reply By Doc V · First Unread Post

Singular or plural

Could you please help me answer this? Choose: She is one of the few women who ......climbed Everest. A. has B. have C. BothRead More...
Hi, Sedo and Ahmed, I agree with your answer, Ahmed. Both the singular and the plural form are commonly used in that construction by native speakers. The strict correctness of using the plural, however, becomes obvious when one rearranges the sentence: (B1) She is one of the few women who have climbed Mount Everest . (B2) Of the few women who have climbed Mount Everest , she is one. (B3) * Of the few women who has climbed Mount Everest , she is one .Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

too vs so

Which is more suitable? 1. Children can be SO naughty sometimes. 2. Children can be TOO naughty sometimes.Read More...

will have to

you .............get up early tomorrow if you want to catch the bus. (have to/will have to/don't have to/don't) the answer in the book (don't have to) why can't I choose (will have to)Read More...
Hi, poet, May I ask about the name of this book? There are two possible answers here. Both 'have to' and 'will have to' are correct answers.Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

won't have to or don't have to

you ..... ..........come if you don't want to. (won't have to or don't have to)Read More...
Hello, Poet20, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange! This appears to be an exercise from a workbook or perhaps an item from a test. It is OK for members to ask questions about such items, but we encourage members to do more than simply present the exercise. Try to say why you feel uncertain of the answer, or tell us which answer you think is right. The answer to your exercise is "don't have to": " You don't have to come if you don't want to ." The other answer, "won't have to," is not...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

So - very - too - enough

Carol had a bad experience in that shop. They were ........ rude to her for no reason. 1- so 2- very 3- too 4- enough Let me know what is the best answer. If possible, tell me why you chose it. Thanks.Read More...
Is there any other difference between " So " and " very " other than the one mentioned above in the quotation? I'm asking because the difference you mentioned won't help me much in answering other questions which aren't related to emtions. As always, thanks for your much appreciated help.Read More...
Last Reply By Yama · First Unread Post

Phrasal verbs

Hussein Hassan
Hello, our teachers. I need your help. With regard to the phrasal verbs, the rule says: "If the object is a pronoun (such as it, him, her, them), then the object always comes between the verb and the adverb. https://en.oxforddictionaries....rammar/phrasal-verbs - He received a job offer, but he turned it down . That's what I've explained to my students. The following sentence is excerpted from the book I teach ( Aim high 6 ): "When it comes to traits like the colour of your eyes or your...Read More...
Last Reply By ceedhanna · First Unread Post

Enough, so much, or a lot

This didn't cost ............. to go to the trouble of getting a refund. 1- such 2- enough 3- so much 4- a lot Can you tell what the best choice is? I think it's ( enough) because of the "to + infinitive" following the empty space. Thanks in advance.Read More...
Ok, Yama. No problem. I thought you were complaining. The way you expressed yourself was fine. I only misinterpreted you.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

Either or all

We have seen different suitcases and............... of them will fit inside the aeroplane. Just choose one! 1..both 2.. Either 3.. neither 4.. All Can you help me choose the correct answer? I guess 4 is ok. But, I'm not sure, because of the word "one" at the end of the sentence. Please let me know what you think. Thanks a lot.Read More...
Thanks for your help. I'm truly sorry for any unintended mistakes. I'll do my best to avoid these mistakes again. Thanks again.Read More...
Last Reply By Yama · First Unread Post

Help with grammatical terminology please

Can a grammar bod help me to explain what is missing in this sentence. I need the proper grammatical terminology! " Approximately 15% chance of failure if a person had one previously, or 25% if a person has had two." Obviously this sentence is a fragment, it needs something added like "There is an approximately 15%..." to make is a proper sentence (or rewriting). But what's the grammatical term for what's missing? Is it that the sentence doesn't have a subject? (Is "There is" a subject?) Or...Read More...
Hey Gustavo - this is super helpful, thanks! "grammatical subject" that's what I was after.Read More...
Last Reply By Toom · First Unread Post

Use "they" when you don't know the gender.

1 If I don't know the gender, I should use "they", not "that person or this person" in the present. Ex: a I should say "If you meet someone today, they'd better be a doctor." not "If you meet someone today, that person / this person had better be a doctor.". b I should say "I'm looking for someone reasonable from the FBI to mediate my situation, and I'd be very grateful if I could find them (not that person / this person)." c I should say "When you pray for someone—how does your prayer...Read More...
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