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Use of Quotes

David, Moderator
Our Policy on the Use of Quotations We understand that members occasionally desire or need to ask grammar-related questions about sentences or phrases that were written by others, and it is perfectly acceptable for you to do so. However, if you wish to include sentences or phrases in a post that were not originally written by you, you must do two things: 1) You must show punctuationally that they are not your words. 2) You must cite what you have taken the text from. The easiest way to...Read More...

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Relative pronouns

What is the right choice in this sentence : I'll tell you some of (which /what) he has said, but I wish you wouldn't get angry.Read More...

of the same size or the same size

Hello there I'd like to know if it's correct to say : 1. The two products are of the same size. 2. The two products are the same size. 3. The two products have the same size. 4. The two products are of different sizes. 5. The two products are in different sizes. 6. The two products have different sizes. Thanks a lot. Happy Easter :DRead More...
Thanks a lot for your prompt reply, David. 1. Can I regard sentences 1-3 interchangeable and 4-6 the same? 2. I was thinking 'sentence 2' could be wrong because 'size' is just one of the characteristics of the products. Writing "The two products are the same size" seems to put an equal sign between "the two products" and "the same size", which sounds wrong to me. I hope I did express myself clearly and please comment. 3. If I change the word 'size / sizes' to 'quality / qualities', are they...Read More...
Last Reply By taiman · First Unread Post

what has happened vs happened

A: Oh, You have some bruises on your face. _____? B: Richard hit me. 1) What has happened 2) What happened Which one is better?Read More...
Couldn't agree more. My colleague believes this question matches the following explanation (from the book "The Good Grammar Book", written by Michael Swan): When we first give news , we often use the present perfect . When we give or ask for more past details, we change to the simple past. Example: A plane has crashed in Yorkshire. Answer: It came down in a field outside York. To me, what Professor Swan precisely pointed out here has nothing to do with the subject question. What do you...Read More...
Last Reply By Freeguy · First Unread Post

booklet, pamphlet, brochure, leaflet

Could you help me please? I'm really confused about how to differentiate between : booklet, pamphlet, brochure, leaflet. I have looked them in many dictionaries as well as collocations dictionaries but in vain. For example, I cannot choose the correct word in the following sentence: I have a (booklet, pamphlet, brochure, leaflet) for the exam. It contains a few pages. Thank you.Read More...
Hello Ahmed Booklet : a very thin book with a small number of pages and a paper cover, giving information about something. pamphlet : a thin book with only a few pages that gives information or an opinion about something. brochure : a type of small magazine that contains pictures and information on a product or a company leaflet : a piece of paper that gives you information or advertises something I believe the answer to your question is ' booklet '. CheersRead More...
Last Reply By taiman · First Unread Post

will or going to

Hi, teachers. I'd like to know your opinion concerning sentences like this one. He studies hard. He "will pass _ is going to pass" . He doesn't study. He "won't pass _ isn't going to pass" . I found many references supporting " will ". Longman's editor, Edmond Murphy and other websites. However, I had some argument with some people arguing for " be going to ", while others choose "both options". So, could you kindly tell me what to choose?Read More...
Hello, Ayman, That's just my take on your questions above. There are many things that aren't taught about 'be going to & will' in our curriculum. One of these things is that both can be used for prediction almost interchangeably. That's why most native speakers see that both could work in most of our fabricated exam questions. - I see that 'will' works well in your first two examples and in Sara' examples above. A simple question could help you to choose easily here: Are you talking...Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

Past Cont vs Past Perfect Cont,

Someone next door ................... heavy metal music all night long. I didn’t get a wink of sleep. a) was playing b) has played c)had been playing d) has been playing I think that 'c' is the answer but 'a' is also possible. From one of the mock exams in Egypt.Read More...
Hi, Rasha Assem, DOCV, who we miss very much on this forum and hope that he is perfectly well, sees that the only correct answer here is: a) was playing. https://thegrammarexchange.infopop.cc/topic/choose-9Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

phrasal verbs with fall

Hello all. Can you give me some examples to illustrate the difference between fall down and fall through? Can "a plan falls down" as in the sentence below: All his plans to start his own business fell down (1) Is it better if I replace "fell down" with "fell through"? I am quite puzzled because they have almost the same meaning in some dictionaries. Among its three meanings given, fall down has a meaning as "to fail" as in - Where do you think the plan falls down? (2) As for fall through, it...Read More...

Oblivious clearly

Is the following sentence grammatically correct: "I'm oblivious clearly."Read More...
Hello, Hailey, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange! That isn't a very kind thing to say about oneself. From a grammatical standpoint, the sentence wants a comma (or, in speech, an intonation break or slight pause) before "clearly." Alternatively, you could place "clearly" at the beginning or in the middle. It is a sentence-level adverbial modifying the proposition "I'm oblivious." It is clear that I'm oblivious. Clearly, I'm oblivious. I'm clearly oblivious. I'm oblivious, clearly.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Reported Speech

He told the police that he always ……..the doors and windows to avoid being burgled. a) locks b) locked I think that both answers are correct. The first would mean that it's a habit that he still does (which makes more sense to me) and the second implies that he used to do this before reporting the theft to the police. Am I right? Thanks for helping me out.Read More...
Oh, very good, Ahmed. Thanks for clarifying. Now I fully agree with you, too.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Wish

Salma is in England. She wishes it ………..raining! a. stops b. will stop c. stopped d. would stop The model answer is d. I wonder if 'c' is also possible. I appreciate your help. From the textbook "New Hello for Third Secondary" in Egypt.Read More...
Hi, Rasha Assem, This question has been discussed here: https://thegrammarexchange.inf...0#590866539123703210Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

The All Other

ahmad
Hello, everyone, 1. The all inclusive system soon gave way to a new one. 2. All other systems soon gave way to the new one. 3. The all other systems soon gave way to the new one. I hope (1) and (2) are fine. I think (3) is incorrect. Can someone help me understand what makes (1) different from (3) ? Thanks. PS to David: God willing, I will soon return to the other open thread. I need to do a little reading there.Read More...
Thanks, Gustavo. It seems that my inability to put across my real question is something I must attend to before I end up embarking on the wasteful journey of frittering away your or somebody else's precious time. Thanks.Read More...
Last Reply By ahmad · First Unread Post

Mixed conditionals ?

B and G got married 10 years ago. Now B and G have decided to divorce. But they have no regret about their 10-year marriage. My question : Is it grammatically correct if B and G say to their friends and relatives something like this : If we had known that we would get divorced today, we would still get married 10 years ago. Thank you very much in advance.Read More...
Hi David, thank you very much again for your help.Read More...
Last Reply By TCW · First Unread Post

so did he

a. As his father played tennis, so did he. b. Just as his father played tennis, so did he. Do these mean 1. His father played tennis and so did he . 2. He played tennis in the same way his father played tennis. 3. He played tennis because his father did. 4. He played tennis at the same time as his father did. Many thanks.Read More...

just as I played the guitar

a. As I played the guitar, he played the piano. b. Just as I played the guitar, he played the piano. c. He played the piano as I played the guitar. d. He played the piano just as I played the guitar. e. He played the piano as I played the guitar. f. He played the piano just as I played the guitar. Which of the above correspond to which of the below: 1. He played the piano while I played the guitar. 2. He played the piano and I played the guitar. 3. He played the piano because I played the...Read More...

this way; in this way

1. I did it this way. 2. I did it in this way. 3. Come this way. 4. Come in this way. Are they all correct? Are there any rules of whether to use 'this way' or 'in this way'? Thanks!Read More...
It's largely a matter of native idiomatic preference, Kis; however, if "this way" is functioning as a stand-alone noun phrase -- one which cannot be analyzed as a reduced prepositional phrase (i.e. as a reduced version of "in this way") -- then it is not possible to use "in this way" instead. This is the situation when, for example, "this way" is the subject of a sentence: This way is a good way to go. * In this way is a good way to go.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

two green and one red box/es

Hello, I am having trouble finding the rule for the usage of plural or singular in the following sentences: 1. There were two yellow and one red card/s awarded. 2. Two yellow and one red card were/ was awarded. I feel like in sentence 1 - "There were two yellow and one red card awarded" is correct, and in sentence 2 - "Two yellow and one red card were awarded" is correct. Grammarly accepts both plural and singular in both sentences. Please, please, can anyone name the rule for these examples...Read More...
Hello, Nico, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange! "Were" is the verb that is needed, and you should say "one red card." It is ungrammatical to say * one red cards . "Two yellow and one red card" means "Two yellow [ cards ] and one yellow card." That is a plural noun phrase. We use plural verbs with plural subjects in English.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

One

Do we say "one should do his/her/their jobs well."Read More...
Hello, Emad, I agree with Ahmed_btm that the best choice is "one's," and it is not listed. In old-fashioned English, "his" was used as a generic singular pronoun. In modern feminist English, "her" can be used as a generic singular pronoun. If you use "his" or "her," however, you must change "jobs" to "job." Indeed, you need to change "jobs" to "job" even if you use "one's": One should do one's job well.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

acres of land is/are

570 acres of land ______ filled with gardens and cycling paths. a. is b. are Are they both correct? Is 'acres of land' singular or plural? Thanks!Read More...
Hi, Kis, Yes, they are both correct. The singular represents the 570 acres as one piece of land. The plural represents the 570 acres as 570 individual units of land.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

grammar

Dear teachers, what is the difference between house and home? Another question :- Must any English teacher know all idioms? Thanks a lot.Read More...

Paraphrasing the sentence

Can you explain this sentence please :"There were so many people that I didn't know who was doing what."Read More...
Hello, Emad, The "that"-clause relates to "so." As a result of there being a lot of people there, you didn't know who was doing what. "Who was doing what" is an embedded question with two wh-elements and is functioning as the object of "didn't know." You didn't know the answer to the question "Who is doing what?" (i.e., Who is doing this?, Who is doing that?, etc.). Q: Who is doing what? I can't tell. / I can't tell who is doing what. A: John is shaking Mark's hand. Joan is setting the...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post
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