October 2019

Going to or will

Meteorologists predict that the temperature ................. during the weekend. a) is dropping b) is going to drop c) will drop d) drops Which one is the correct answer? I prefer (b) because this sentence represents a prediction based on evidence. By "evidence" I mean "Meteorologists" * This question is taken from an ESL book called "The Best" Thanks.Read More...
Thanks.Read More...
Last Reply By Yama · First Unread Post

Is backshift required in this case?

Hi, everyone. Because she buried herself in her books, she didn't know it was raining outside. Some people say the sentence above can also be phrased as: 1, Burying herself in her books, she didn'tknow it was raining outside. 2, Buried in her books, she didn't know itwas raining outside. Questions 1,For the original sentence. Is it necessary to change it into past perfect: Because she had buried herself in her books, she didn't know it was raining outside. 2, I think "Burying herself in...Read More...

First or Zero Conditional?

I know that: >0 Condition - For facts that always happen; Whereas: >1st Conditional - For specific facts; So, why People use Zero conditional in these sentences, even though is a one-time thing? > If I find lava in this game, this video ends (even though is just this time that I am going to end this video if I find lava) > If you are reading this, I'm at the library by now (That does not mean that I will always find you at the library if I read this) >If you read this, you're...Read More...
Thanks for answering. But the 3 first examples were to question "why it was used 'cause-and-effect conditional' even if it is a one-time thing?" E.g: If I go to Vegas, I dance (that means, that I always dance there) Although - If I go to Vegas, I'll dance - It's just this time, and there's a high possibility of doing it; About the last 2 examples you gave me: the first one means that: -Whenever he's here, we're in trouble; Or: -If he's here now, we're in trouble (one-time thing) And the...Read More...
Last Reply By Harry O'Neil · First Unread Post

both - each

Hello. Could you please help me? There are two restaurants by the park and they each (are - is) very good. Thank youRead More...
Hi, Ahmed Imam, The original sentence in our workbook says: There are two restaurants by the park and they are both very good. Anyway, the answer you seek here is: 'are' . 'They' is the subject and 'each' doesn't affect the conjugation of the verb since the main subject is plural. The rule here says that when a plural subject is followed by 'each', it still attracts a plural verb.Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

Should I hyphenate items in a list that comes before a noun?

This is the sentence that is driving me crazy: " This product produces a non-slip, easy-to-clean, long-lasting and durable floor covering." Seems like too many hyphens. I'm not sure if I need to hyphenate everything like that because technically, yes—these words are coming before a noun (floor covering), but is it absolutely necessary? Someone help please!Read More...

from him

a. Coming from her, that was a smart reply. b. From her that was a smart reply. c. That was a smart reply, from her. d. He refused to answer your questions. Coming from him, that was smart. e. He refused to answer your questions. From him that was smart. f. He refused to answer your questions. That was smart, from him. I suppose these sentences could be used if you think they have been intelligent relative to the way they normally behave. The normally don't behave in a very intelligent way.Read More...

it was courageous

a. You did a courageous thing to stand up to those thugs. b. You acted courageously to stand up to those thugs. c. You acted courageously in standing up to those thugs. d. You acted courageously standing up to those thugs. e. It was courageous of you to stand up to those thugs. Are all these sentences grammatically correct? Do they mean the same? Many thanks.Read More...

Conditionals.

Hello. Could you please help me? If I had broken bones like Johann, I would (have travelled - travel) abroad to be treated there. Thank you.Read More...
Hi, Ahmed, I agree with you that another third conditional could be: "If I had had broken bones like Johann, I would have traveled abroad to be treated there." However, in that case, "had" would necessarily be the main verb in the "if"-clause, as it is in your second-conditional interpretation of Ahmed Imam Attia's sentence. If we interpret "broken" as a verb rather than as an adjective, we cannot have " Johann had had broken bones ," just as we can't say, " Johann had had eaten lunch ." As...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Use of the word already

Is that a correct usage of the word already in the example sentence given below? Please suggest any other word or phrase if it is better suited here. Example : Give her the prize already! Little bit of context : I was watching a video on Facebook in which a beauty pageant contestant answered a question so well that that I felt like there's no need to ask her any more questions.Read More...
Thank you very much. Appreciate it.Read More...
Last Reply By Shivam Raj · First Unread Post

(was - had been - has been)

Could you please me? Which one is correct? Hossam has just left the cafe. He (was - had been - has been) here since 7 o'clock a.m. Thank you.Read More...
That's one correct answer. In real life, native speakers could also use "has been": " He (has) just left. He 's been here since seven ." The key here is "just" in "just left"; it indicates that the past event is hardly separated at all from the present. Therefore, the correct answer is: both answers are correct . "Had been" would, however, be the only choice if the past event of his leaving were significantly separated from the present. " He left the cafe at nine this morning. He 'd been...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

I need help with a short expression

Hello! I need some help. I am not a native speaker, but I am designing a shirt for the English market and need some help to figure out which way is the correct way of writing what I want the design to display. I’m 100% cat person yes I have hairs all over my clothes yes My house is a playground or I’m a 100% cat person yes I have hairs all over my clothes yes My house is a playground or do both sound off to you? If yes, what would you suggest instead? Thank you!Read More...

why I wrote any of those books

1) I don't know why I wrote any of those books. I think that sentence can be used in two very different contexts. I don't think one could call it ambiguous, but it comes close. One meaning would be: a) As regards each of those books, I am unable to say why I wrote i t. (Now, the books might be brilliant and the speaker might be very happy with them, but he cannot say what motivated him to write them,) But the sentence might be used in a context where the speaker wonders why he wrote anything...Read More...

nationalities -ans --ese

Hello, Here is a part of the discussion from the following URL. In sentence 7) above, we can and do say Americans to indicate Americans in general, but we don’t say Japanese to indicate Japanese in general; we use the definite article with Japanese – the Japanese -- but we don’t have to use it with Americans. We can also use the definite article with Americans to indicate Americans in general, and we often do. There are some differences in meaning here – using the with Americans or omitting...Read More...
Apple, I'm sorry no one has responded to your post in all this time. Can you tell us how "sentence 7" goes? I might be very helpful to us in answering your question. Thank you. DocVRead More...
Last Reply By Doc V · First Unread Post

Present Perfect and Simple Past on a daily basis

I would like to ask some things about differences between Simple Past and Present Perfect (because I only know how to use them in a few cases and I just only know how to use them grammactly correct, but not always) and some things that really makes me review my grammar lessons. • *Is Simple Past more used than Present Perfect in a daily basis? Even though the sentence requires Present Perfect for not having a time expression in the context?* Example: > Oh, I can't believe it. You just...Read More...

Being written in haste,the composition is full of mistakes. (from a grammar)

Dear Contributors. Do me a favour please. I feel puzzled about the following sentence. My questions: 1. Is the composition finished or not when the speaker utters this sentence? 2. Does "Being written" mean the acting of "writing" is being continued? If your answer is yes, then the composition is not finished. If your answer is no, then what does "being" mean? 3. Some say "wirrten" is an adjective in the sentence.I don't think it makes sense,because the adjective "wirrten",usually used...Read More...
Thank you for correct my misreading, GUSTAVO. Very sorry to cause you so much trouble.Read More...
Last Reply By sunshine · First Unread Post

with you

) All roads with you lead to Putin. 2) With you all roads lead to Putin. '1' is by Nancy Pelosi. Source: https://www. democraticunderground.com/ 100212589844 https://www.nytimes.com/2019/ 10/16/us/politics/trump- pelosi-white-house.html '2' is by me. What does 'all roads with you' mean in '1'? What does 'with' mean in that sentence? ] Does '1' mean the same as '2'? If not, what is the difference? Here we do have a context. But the whole thing is a metaphor. I am trying to get at the concrete...Read More...
Hi, Navi, "with" is used in some noun phrases to introduce the subject-matter, maybe with a slight -- somewhat indirect -- indication of possession. The basic expression is "all roads lead to ..." and comes, as you must know, from "all roads lead to Rome." For example, when it comes to grammar, all roads lead to the Grammar Exchange . I find "with you" to be similar to the prepositional phrase in "the problem with you is that you are Putin's friend." It would be too restrictive and absolute...Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

Present Perfect or Simple past In this sentence?

Could you guys see this sentence and say if I should use Present Perfect or Past Simple? I think it is Past Simple, because it sounds odd using the Present Perfect tense. Although, I think I should use the present perfect tense because there no time expression either here in the sentence, nor in the context. **Furthermore could you tell why it was used Simple Past or Present Perfect?**Read More...
Exactly. Note, however, that the present tense you now propose is actually the historical present , that is, a present tense used to render past events livelier.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

None of Which or None of Them?

He used 5 hair-driers. None of **which/them** was good; Should I use "which" or "them"? And what's the difference between them?Read More...
Hi, Harry, 1. He used 5 hair-driers . None of them was good. (Two separated sentences). 2. He used 5 hair-driers , none of which was good. (A non-identifying clause).Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

are going to decorate - will decorate - will have decorated

Hello. I think all 3 forms of future are correct in the following sentence, right? If so, what are the differences? This time next month, we ........ our flat. are going to decorate - will decorate - will have decorated Thank you.Read More...
Ahmed, It makes it so much easier for us if you use index numbers or letters. 1: This time next month, we are going to decorate our flat. 2: This time next month, we will decorate our flat. ?3: This time next month, we will have decorated our flat. Here, (3) means something quite different from (1) and (2), both of which are correct, although I prefer (1). They both mean that the decoration will happen that day, whereas (3) means that the decoration will have already happened by then.Read More...
Last Reply By Doc V · First Unread Post

if you want it/that

Are these sentences correct with the given meanings? 1) I will repair your computer if you want. 2) I will repair your computer if you want it. 3) I will repair your computer if you want that. Meaning: I will repair your computer if that's what you want. 4) Pete can bandage your arm if you want. 5) Pete can bandage your arm if you want it. 6) Pete can bandage your arm if you want that. Meaning: Pete can bandage your arm if that is what you want. Gratefully, NaviRead More...
Hi, Navi, I agree with DocV. As for (3) and (6), I think the deictic force of "that" can make them less usual versions of the more emphatic: 3a) I will repair your computer if that is what you want. 6a) Pete can bandage your arm if that is what you want.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

will - are going to

Hello. Could you please help me? Which form is correct or both? Simple explanation please. You (will - are going to) pick up all of those toys right now. This room is a mess! Thank you.Read More...
I agree with Ahmed_BTM. Strictly speaking, "you will" is a statement of fact, whereas "you shall" is a command, but "going to" can go either way. DocVRead More...
Last Reply By Doc V · First Unread Post

a fever dream

The following is an excerpt from The Japan Times of Oct. 14: Tokyo, Kyoto and Osaka rank among the world’s best 10 large cities — with the Japanese capital topping the list for a fourth successive year — according to U.S. luxury and lifestyle travel magazine Conde Nast Traveler. … Tokyo was described as “ a fever dream you don’t want to wake up from ” with its combination of the modern and traditional, and having the most Michelin-starred restaurants in the world. It has 230 such...Read More...
Fujibei, Your question isn't as much about grammar as usage, but I'll try to answer it anyway. You are making an incorrect assumption, that a fever dream is necessarily nightmarish. It can be, but it can also be a wildly pleasant fantasy, in the same way that hallucinogenic drugs can induce either terror or bliss, or simply major disorientation. In the song "Summer Fever" by 15-60-75, The Numbers Band, the singer describes a "fever dream" that takes place in an idyllic scene where he is...Read More...
Last Reply By Doc V · First Unread Post
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