April 2019

will or going to

Hi, teachers. I'd like to know your opinion concerning sentences like this one. He studies hard. He "will pass _ is going to pass" . He doesn't study. He "won't pass _ isn't going to pass" . I found many references supporting " will ". Longman's editor, Edmond Murphy and other websites. However, I had some argument with some people arguing for " be going to ", while others choose "both options". So, could you kindly tell me what to choose?Read More...
@ahmed_btm , Thanks for your concern. However, you added nothing more to solve the problem. Concerning the natives' matter, I put references of native grammarians as well as websites. All support using "will". Do those who support using "be going to" have any point or reference for their claim? Is it OK to see "studying hard / not studying hard" as a "present reality" as Swan calls it? Yet, we have another problem: S Some say that "will" is the right option that no one "intends or decides"...Read More...
Last Reply By ayman · First Unread Post

A variety or number

Hello, "There are a..............of departments for the students to choose from." A- number b- variety I think (number) because of the plural verb (are).Read More...

The All Other

ahmad
Hello, everyone, 1. The all inclusive system soon gave way to a new one. 2. All other systems soon gave way to the new one. 3. The all other systems soon gave way to the new one. I hope (1) and (2) are fine. I think (3) is incorrect. Can someone help me understand what makes (1) different from (3) ? Thanks. PS to David: God willing, I will soon return to the other open thread. I need to do a little reading there.Read More...
Hi, Gustavo, I see my folly now. Thanks a lot.Read More...
Last Reply By ahmad · First Unread Post

of the same size or the same size

Hello there I'd like to know if it's correct to say : 1. The two products are of the same size. 2. The two products are the same size. 3. The two products have the same size. 4. The two products are of different sizes. 5. The two products are in different sizes. 6. The two products have different sizes. Thanks a lot. Happy Easter :DRead More...
Thanks a lot David and GustavoRead More...
Last Reply By taiman · First Unread Post

Whose

Hi everyone First of all happy easter to everyone Are those sentences correct? I have a friend whose car we need. Or I have a friend whose car we are in need of. Thanks.Read More...

... (he) suffered from many ....

I have made up a sentence below. (1a) He was weak and throughout his adult life suffered from many illnesses. My friends think I need "he" after "life". (1b) He was weak and throughout his adult life he suffered from many illnesses. Do I need "he" there? Thanks a lot.Read More...

Is it wrong to omit the conjunction "and"?

Last week, I made up three sentences for my non-native English speaking friends to comment on. I have written them below. (1a) This is an interesting, exciting story. (2a) He is a reliable, dedicated employee. (3a) The couple has a happy, healthy relationship. My friends said the sentences sound wrong without the conjunction. So, they revised them to make the sentences below. (1b) This is an interesting and exciting story. (2b) He is a reliable and dedicated employee. (3b) The couple has a...Read More...

Past Cont vs Past Perfect Cont,

Someone next door ................... heavy metal music all night long. I didn’t get a wink of sleep. a) was playing b) has played c)had been playing d) has been playing I think that 'c' is the answer but 'a' is also possible. From one of the mock exams in Egypt.Read More...
Hello, Rasha and Ahmed, The only answer I find incorrect is (b), and even (b) isn't ungrammatical; it's just extremely unnatural and somewhat awkward. But (a), (c), and (d) are all possible. Which is used will depend partly on the context. I am sure that DocV will agree with me. I think his attention was somewhat diverted from the grammatical question at hand in that thread. He may not have strained himself to think of alternate contexts. Answer (a) would be used in a context in which the...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

just as I played the guitar

a. As I played the guitar, he played the piano. b. Just as I played the guitar, he played the piano. c. He played the piano as I played the guitar. d. He played the piano just as I played the guitar. e. He played the piano as I played the guitar. f. He played the piano just as I played the guitar. Which of the above correspond to which of the below: 1. He played the piano while I played the guitar. 2. He played the piano and I played the guitar. 3. He played the piano because I played the...Read More...
Hi, Azz, Here is my solution set. Please note that (e) and (f) repeat (c) and (d), respectively. (a) --> (1) and (3), and (4) at a stretch (b) --> (2) and (4), and (1) at a stretch (c)/(e) and (d)/(f) --> (1) and (4)Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

so did he

a. As his father played tennis, so did he. b. Just as his father played tennis, so did he. Do these mean 1. His father played tennis and so did he . 2. He played tennis in the same way his father played tennis. 3. He played tennis because his father did. 4. He played tennis at the same time as his father did. Many thanks.Read More...
Hi, Azz, Sentence (a) can mean (2), (3), or (4). It is context that will make the difference. Sentence (b) can mean (1). For meaning (2), however, you could say: (2b) He played tennis just as his father did.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

what has happened vs happened

A: Oh, You have some bruises on your face. _____? B: Richard hit me. 1) What has happened 2) What happened Which one is better?Read More...
I agree that Swan's advice there provides no justification for using the present perfect in the answer to the quiz question you have presented. The speaker comments on the bruises. That something has happened which caused the bruises is part of the context. The speaker is wondering what happened .Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

phrasal verbs with fall

Hello all. Can you give me some examples to illustrate the difference between fall down and fall through? Can "a plan falls down" as in the sentence below: All his plans to start his own business fell down (1) Is it better if I replace "fell down" with "fell through"? I am quite puzzled because they have almost the same meaning in some dictionaries. Among its three meanings given, fall down has a meaning as "to fail" as in - Where do you think the plan falls down? (2) As for fall through, it...Read More...
Hello, Quangco123, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange! Phrasal verbs don't need to be mutually exclusive. In fact, some of them are similar in meaning and can be used in the same sentences. Let's compare some examples with "fall down" and "fall through" from the Corpus: - Technically he is excellent but you have noticed that he is falling down on the supervisory aspects of his job. - The attorney general is supposed to act only when the law enforcement is falling down or broken down in a...Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

Than whom

Hi guys. Is it correct to say : I have a friend than whom my father speaks English better as in : I have a friend who speaks English My father speaks English better than my friendRead More...
Hello, HS12, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange! Your sentence: is totally ungrammatical. "than" needs to appear after the adjective in comparative degree. If you want to use a relative, you can choose one of these: - I have a friend whose English is not as good as my father's. - I have a friend who doesn't speak English as well as my father (does).Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

comma usages

(a) You, as a non-native English speaker, should learn English words , as many as you can if you want to be fluent in this language. Are you OK with the above text? I am not. The following version works for me: (b) You, as a non-native English speaker , should learn English words , as many as you can , if you want to be fluent in this language. Here's my take: 1. Is it "as many as you can if you want to be fluent in this language"? This seems unlikely, because it is not true that this entire...Read More...
Grammatically speaking, it is true that "if you want to be fluent in this language" refers to "should learn English words." However, from a semantic point of view, if you take out the parenthetical "as many as you can" (which is correctly set off by commas and, being parenthetical, should allow for its elimination without a significant change of meaning), the sentence is too obvious to be good: - You, as a non-native English speaker, should learn English words if you want to be fluent in...Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

Relative pronouns

What is the right choice in this sentence : I'll tell you some of (which /what) he has said, but I wish you wouldn't get angry.Read More...
Hi, Emad Ragheb, "some of" is a partitive and needs to be followed by a noun phrase: some of his comments, some of his ideas, etc. "what" is a nominal relative pronoun, meaning "the things that," so that is what you need: - I'll tell you some of what (= the things that) he has said.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

Oblivious clearly

Is the following sentence grammatically correct: "I'm oblivious clearly."Read More...
Hello, Hailey, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange! That isn't a very kind thing to say about oneself. From a grammatical standpoint, the sentence wants a comma (or, in speech, an intonation break or slight pause) before "clearly." Alternatively, you could place "clearly" at the beginning or in the middle. It is a sentence-level adverbial modifying the proposition "I'm oblivious." It is clear that I'm oblivious. Clearly, I'm oblivious. I'm clearly oblivious. I'm oblivious, clearly.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Reported Speech

He told the police that he always ……..the doors and windows to avoid being burgled. a) locks b) locked I think that both answers are correct. The first would mean that it's a habit that he still does (which makes more sense to me) and the second implies that he used to do this before reporting the theft to the police. Am I right? Thanks for helping me out.Read More...
Oh, very good, Ahmed. Thanks for clarifying. Now I fully agree with you, too.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Wish

Salma is in England. She wishes it ………..raining! a. stops b. will stop c. stopped d. would stop The model answer is d. I wonder if 'c' is also possible. I appreciate your help. From the textbook "New Hello for Third Secondary" in Egypt.Read More...
Hi, Rasha Assem, This question has been discussed here: https://thegrammarexchange.inf...0#590866539123703210Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

Mixed conditionals ?

B and G got married 10 years ago. Now B and G have decided to divorce. But they have no regret about their 10-year marriage. My question : Is it grammatically correct if B and G say to their friends and relatives something like this : If we had known that we would get divorced today, we would still get married 10 years ago. Thank you very much in advance.Read More...
Hi David, thank you very much again for your help.Read More...
Last Reply By TCW · First Unread Post

this way; in this way

1. I did it this way. 2. I did it in this way. 3. Come this way. 4. Come in this way. Are they all correct? Are there any rules of whether to use 'this way' or 'in this way'? Thanks!Read More...
It's largely a matter of native idiomatic preference, Kis; however, if "this way" is functioning as a stand-alone noun phrase -- one which cannot be analyzed as a reduced prepositional phrase (i.e. as a reduced version of "in this way") -- then it is not possible to use "in this way" instead. This is the situation when, for example, "this way" is the subject of a sentence: This way is a good way to go. * In this way is a good way to go.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

two green and one red box/es

Hello, I am having trouble finding the rule for the usage of plural or singular in the following sentences: 1. There were two yellow and one red card/s awarded. 2. Two yellow and one red card were/ was awarded. I feel like in sentence 1 - "There were two yellow and one red card awarded" is correct, and in sentence 2 - "Two yellow and one red card were awarded" is correct. Grammarly accepts both plural and singular in both sentences. Please, please, can anyone name the rule for these examples...Read More...
Hello, Nico, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange! "Were" is the verb that is needed, and you should say "one red card." It is ungrammatical to say * one red cards . "Two yellow and one red card" means "Two yellow [ cards ] and one yellow card." That is a plural noun phrase. We use plural verbs with plural subjects in English.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post
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