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May 2019

causative

The following sentence was written twice in our textbook, once with an infinitive and another with a P.P. They had ten students moved into a house with a mobile phone mast in the garden. They had ten students move into a house with a mobile phone mast in the garden. I do understand that the first sentence with the P.P means that they were moved by someone, but does the second imply that 'move' there is used an intranstive verb? The sentence is from New Hello, Third Secondary, Longman 2018,...Read More...
Thank you very much, David.Read More...
Last Reply By Rasha Assem · First Unread Post

Reduced relatives

Hi colleagues, I have come across this sentence in a mock Exam. Trees(grow_grown_grows_are grown) in rainforests can reach 30 meters. I think the four distractors are WRONG.There must be"GROWING"Read More...
Hi, Wael Shaltoot, I agree with you that the best choice to refer to trees that grow without human intervention (as is the case with trees in rainforests) is "growing": - Trees growing (= that grow) in rainforests can reach 30 meters.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

it is good

Which are correct: 1) It is good taking these medications. 2) It is good, taking these medications. 3) It is good for me taking these medications. 4) It is good for me, taking these medications. Gratefully, NaviRead More...
Thank you very much, Gustavo, So we are undecided about 'e'. But we seem to have established that the presence of 'for him' necessitates the use of an infinitive. That's my new theory! Thanks again, NaviRead More...
Last Reply By navi · First Unread Post

future perfect

Hi every one, I am a little confused about that question. I appreciate your help. " I think people ........ on the moon by the end of the 21st century. Who knows." a) will live b) might live c) will have lived d) might have lived That question is on one of longman websites: newhelloforenglish secondary stage. http://www.newhelloforegypt.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/Sec_S_03_U03_struct.pdfRead More...
No, not at all. Thanks for the question. We're glad you joined the forum.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Must

Can we use must + be + ing to express obligation or necessity? For example: You must be studying. I think that it can only mean a deduction that I'm so sure of and that it can't mean necessity or obligation. Am I right? Thanks for helping me with this weird question.Read More...
Thank you very much, David.Read More...
Last Reply By Rasha Assem · First Unread Post

playing pool

Which are correct: 1) He is amazing playing pool. 2) Playing pool, he is amazing. 3) He is amazing when playing pool. 4) He is a god playing pool. 5) Playing pool, he is a god. 6) He is a god when playing pool. Gratefully, NaviRead More...
Hello, Navi, All six sentences are correct. But (4) is ambiguous. Sentence (4) could mean that he is a pool-playing god.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

pronoun, it or them

"There isn't room for the slightest mistake-- and yet we can't avoid making them." I think "them" should be it, or "mistake" should be "mistakes" for the sake of noun and pronoun agreement. Or is "them" acceptable in this sentence? AppleRead More...
Ah,,,,OK. I got it now. Thank you, GUSTAVO.Read More...
Last Reply By apple · First Unread Post

That is the (a) woman we saw at the station three days ago.

Hello, Is there a difference between using "a" and "the " in the following sentences? 1.This is a (the) picture that made us smile. 2.That is the (a) woman we saw at the station three days ago. In sentence 2, "the" sounds more natural to me. I'm not sure about sentence 1. AppleRead More...
Thank you, GUSTAVO. So when "a" is used that picture is just one of several or many. When "the" is used, it implies, that this is the (very) picture(I was talking about) that made us smile. AppleRead More...
Last Reply By apple · First Unread Post

adjectival or adverbial? No.3

The dog, frightened by the thunder , trembled. What type of participle is the above sentence? To me, it's adjectival, deriving from: - The dog, who was frightened by the thunder, trembled However, the link below says it's adverbial: http://grammarpuss13.blogspot.com/p/adverbial-clauses.html?m=1 Thanks.Read More...
Perfect! Can you introduce a comprehensive grammar book which explains these nuanced points?Read More...
Last Reply By Freeguy · First Unread Post

Look (at) what you've done!

Hi! Could I ask you this question? Practical English Usage (fourth ediction) says that the preposition "at" following the verb "look" is often dropped before a wh -clause. (1) Look (at) what you've done! I was wondering whether there is any semantic difference when the preposition is present/absent. I was also wondering whether the preposition can appear after "look" in the following sentences (taken from Practical English Usage ): (2) Look who's here! (3) Look where you're going. I would...Read More...
Thank you so much, Gustavo! I really appreciate your comments.Read More...
Last Reply By yasukotta · First Unread Post

all havoc breaks loose

Hi, What does "all havoc breaks loose" mean? Thanks a lot.Read More...
Hi, Kuen: I think you mean to ask about "all hell breaks loose." It should be "hell," not "havoc." If you Google "all hell breaks loose," you'll find definitions. The basic meaning is this: when all hell breaks loose, all sorts of things go wrong; many problems need to be solved. Think of a volcano erupting—a volcano of problems.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

a falling tree, a tree falling

Hello, 1. A falling tree made a sound like a thunder. 2. A tree falling behind me made a sound like a thunder. 3. A tree falling made a sound like a thunder. I think sentences 1 ,2 are correct, but not 3, because a single participial adjective "falling" has to be placed before the noun. Am I correct? AppleRead More...
Thank you, David, for clarifying that. I was in fact only agreeing with Apple's comments on the correct or incorrect position of the participle depending on whether it is used alone ( falling tree) or with some adjunct (tree falling behind me ).Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

infinitive/gerund

1) Why do they complain about cleaning the house taking too long? They have a servant to clean the house! 2) Why do they complain about cleaning the house taking too long? They have a servant for cleaning the house! Can we tell if they have only one servant or more? If they have one servant, is cleaning the house the only thing that servant does? If they have more than one servant, does the same servant clean the house every time? Gratefully, NaviRead More...
Thank you so very much, David, Yes, I agree with you. Having a cook does not mean one also has a chauffeur! But I wasn't even going for that interpretation. I find your analysis of my '1' very astute. But the 'restriction' you discovered in this construct (the sentences marked with *?) is a true gem! I hadn't thought of that at all. It looks like a real discovery to me. I wanted to mention that in my last post in this thread, and I hope this will be my last post in this thread, but I suspect...Read More...
Last Reply By navi · First Unread Post

Future simple or continuous

In 2030, we will treat people with diabetes .. Is "will be treating " incorrect here?why?Read More...
Hi, Ahmed55, I think "will be treating" is much better than "will treat" there, because the treatment involves an ongoing process consistent with the use of the progressive, but some more information would be necessary for the sentence to make sense, for example: - In 2030, we will be treating 100,000,000 people with diabetes. - In 2030, we will be treating people with diabetes by means of this new method .Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

which or where

The shop, ..........I visited last week, has good souvenirs. ( which/where) with explanation,please. Thanks in advance.Read More...
Hi, poet 20, (and my greetings from El-Madina El-Monawara), Choose: 'which'. There is an easy way to choose between 'where and which' here. Make a complete sentence without using any relative pronouns. That will be: I visited the shop. You see the object comes directly after 'visit' without using any propositions, which means that 'which' is the right choice. Change your example above to be: The shop..... I work, has good souvenirs. Making a complete sentence would result in: I work in a...Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

Help Required: Is this a dependent clause?

The opposing army were masterful at spreading lies and hate throughout their region, people hated them and therefore feared them. Is this a dependent clause: "People hated them and therefore feared them".Read More...
It doesn't make much sense to say that a clause is dependent, let alone adverbial, nominal or adjectival, if no context is provided. The only section that makes sense on that website is "Dependent Clauses in Sentences ."Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

Using 'of' correctly

A few weeks ago I casually wrote out the sentence ''It was about time to see what he wanted of her.'' and didn't really think anything of it, even after reading through it again. Today however it made me question if 'of' was used correctly here. In context, the person is wanted to do something, not give something.Read More...
Hello, JayK, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange! To me, "want something of somebody" sounds similar to "expect something of somebody" and "demand something of somebody" (alternatively, from can also be used in all three cases, as far as I know). I don't find any possession meaning there as long as "somebody" is "somebody" and not "somebody 's ." Compare: - He wanted something of her. (which may mean: He wanted her to do something for him/to act in a certain way.) - He wanted something of...Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

trust believe

Hello, 1.I don't believe your story. 2. I trust you. 3.I cannot trust this research result. 4.I cannot believe this research result. I think 1,2,3,4, are correct, but what about the following sentence. 5. I can trust none of his success stories in business. Doesn't "trust" have to be replaced with "believe"? Or does "trust" work in this sentence? AppleRead More...
Thank you, David. AppleRead More...
Last Reply By apple · First Unread Post

Since or That

It was only ten days ago ...... she started her new job. a) that b) since c) both A & B are OKRead More...
Yes, you are right, Coco. Very good. The answer is (a): It was only ten days ago that she started her new job. ( comes from : She started her new job ten days ago.) Des3 has given an incorrect answer. The answer is NOT (c) or (b). In order for "since" to work, two things would need to be different. "Ago" would need to be deleted, and "was" would need to be changed to "is" or "has been": It is only ten days since she started her new job. It has only been ten days since she started her new job.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post
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