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June 2020

future, choose

A: How about meeting tonight? B: Ok,I(will meet-am going to meet- am meeting) you at 7 this evening.Read More...
Hello, Hamdy, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange. I second Ahmed's answer. In addition to being the best answer, "will meet" is the only answer listed that does work. It would make no sense to reply to the question "How about meeting tonight?" with "OK, I am meeting you at 7 this evening," indicating a prior plan. Likewise, it would make no sense to reply to that question with "OK, I am going to meet you at 7 this evening" (unless the sentence is intended as a reminder ).Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Reported Speech

Could you answer this question, please? Hamza's parents wanted to know what their daughter……… at school that day. a. was doing b. has done c. had done d. has been doingRead More...
Gustavo's answer aligns with native-speaking sensibility and has my blessing. Another possibility I would add for the future-oriented past time frame is "was going to": "They wanted to know what she was going to do at school that day." The only ungrammatical answers listed are (b) & (d). If "that day" were changed to "today," then (b) & (d) would be grammatical and (a) & (c) would not.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Attributed to vs Attributable to

Hello everyone! May I ask a question? What is the difference between the two "attributed to" and "attributable to"? If I write these two sentences. Which one is correct? 1. The trend of playing brutal games of children can be attributed to several reasons. 2. The trend of playing brutal games of children can be attributable to several reasons.Read More...
Hi, Moon Le, Since the suffix -able (just like -ible ) means "capable of being ...," "is attribut able " (is capable of being attributed) is similar to " can be attribut ed ." Some might consider "can be attributable" redundant, but I think it is also correct, the only difference being that in this case there is a double possibility: that the trend can be attributed (because of the suffix -able ), and that such relationship can be established (because of the modal can ). Let's think of...Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Co-Moderator · First Unread Post

not only

Which are correct: 1) Not only did John see the show, but so did I. 2) Not only John saw the show, but so did I. 3) Not only can John do that, but so can I. 4) Not only John can do that, but so can I. Gratefully, NaviRead More...

Choose

(Reported speech) -Which is the correct answer a, b, c or d ? 1) Could you tell me ..................... a) what you have achieved . b) what have you achieved ? c) what you had achieved . d) what you had achieved ?Read More...
Hi, Muhammed, This is an embedded question, not a reported question. The only choice that works here is (d), but it needs further context to justify the use of the past perfect tense. See, for example, A: I had achieved a lot of things before I retired. B: Could you tell me what you had achieved? Unfortunately, the best choice here is not provided. I mean 'Could you tell me what you have achieved? 'Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

"I strongly don't recommend"

Hi! A student of mine wrote this sentence: (1) "I strongly don't recommend this hotel because it is dirty and uncomfortable." I immediately corrected it and gave her these options: (2) I strongly recommend not staying at this hotel because it is dirty and uncomfortable. or (3) I strongly recommend that you not stay at this hotel because it is dirty and uncomfortable. Then, my student asked me, "Why is my sentence (1) incorrect?" I tried to come up with an answer, but I couldn't. I got even...Read More...
Thank you for your clear explanation, @David, Moderator !Read More...
Last Reply By shantower · First Unread Post

Understanding the definition of Pure Location (again).

Sorry to ask this again. Your explanation made sense to me at the time, but after going back to look at the same video I still had problems with the instructor's use of the term pure location. (video was from Anglo-link) Here is another example: 1. There was a fire in the school. Here she says that school is a pure place and so we use in and not at. However, in the following example she says we use at 2. He was at school. Given these examples I can't understand how school in example 1 is...Read More...
Thank you both for your replies. I understand this now.Read More...
Last Reply By Mrchuffie · First Unread Post

The root difference between either and neither

Choose the correct answer: A: Rania is seldom in time for her classes. B:............ a) Rana is too b) So is Rana c) Neither aren’t her friends d) Her friends aren’t eitherRead More...
Hello, Magdi, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange. I agree with Ahmed that the only answer choice that works is (d). I wanted to add that the idiom to use in this context is " on time ," not "in time": " Rana is seldom on time for her classes ." But you can say: " She seldom arrives in time for her classes ." Incidentally, I don't know if you mean for Rania and Rana to refer to different people (perhaps the "i" in Rania was an accidental addition); however, if you do, answer (b) could be...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

past action

Hi, Could you help me with sentence, please ? A bad accident ........... place on Cairo-Alex desert road. a) took b) has taken c) has been taken d) had taken Thanks in advanceRead More...
Hi, Dr Ahmed, Grammatically speaking, there are two possible answers here 'took' and 'has taken', but the expected model answer is "has taken" . In our exams, we often use the present perfect without a time adverbial especially when there is a present result.Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

grammar

Is this sentence correct ? it it is not just my car that is down but my sister's car as well .Read More...
Hello, ilko mitrikov, No, the sentence above is wrong because (apart from the repetition of "it," which I take to be a typo) "my sister's car" is the subject of the second coordinate clause, and therefore needs a verb: - It's not just my car that is down, but my sister's (car) is too. You can of course use other ways to express that: - It's not just my car but also my sister's that is down. Notice that if "my sister's car" is an object, no verb will be required because the same one that was...Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Co-Moderator · First Unread Post

Coordination.

Hi, Is the underlined "when" superfluous in that sentence?If it's not, what is the difference if I drop "when"? And in the sample sentence, there isn't a "when"(" but it seems pretty certain..."), so I'm guessing that i s a mistake, right? Thanks in advance.Read More...
Hi, Robby zhu, "when" can be eliminated in the first sentence. However, in that case I would also eliminate the comma. The result would be a compound adverbial clause : - Must not is often used when something is not logically impossible but there is strong evidence for believing that it is not the case. ( Must not is used when two conditions are met: (1) something is not logically imposible, and (2) there is strong evidence to believe that something is not true.) If there is a comma, the...Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Co-Moderator · First Unread Post

Simple future

Is the structure in these sentences right? Next week I will have finished revising my lessons. By next week, I will revise my lessonsRead More...
Yes, Ahmed, that sentence is about a future state, so the future-simple-with-"by"-adverbial construction works fine with it (see my last reply and Ahmed_btm's). Your earlier example, about revising lessons, is not stative. Yes, that is fine.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Subjunctive mood

ayman
Hello! Mr @David, Moderator & Mr @Gustavo, Contributor , I need to know whether it is acceptable to drop " that " when using the subjunctive mood with "suggest, demand, ask, ...etc". I came across these two sentences; one from " English Grammar in Use " and the other from " Using and Understanding English Grammar ": 1- What do you suggest we do ? 2- The book that you suggested I read. So, is it OK to say " I suggest you buy a new car." or should it be "I suggest that you buy."?Read More...
I really appreciate it, sir.Read More...
Last Reply By ayman · First Unread Post

Could anyone please explain why (v+ing) is used in those parts in bold?

Could anyone please explain why (v+ing) is used in those parts in bold? 1.The Yatras are a species of Dramatic action, filthy, in the same style with the exhibition of Punch and Judy or of the Penny Theaters in London, 𝘁𝗿𝗲𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗻𝗴 of licentiousnes or of the amours of Krishna. (Source: Texts of Power: Emerging Disciplines in Colonial Bengal. Edited by Partha Chatterjee) 2. Michigan owner stands and looks how another pooch viciously attacks his pregnant dog, 𝗸𝗶𝗹𝗹𝗶𝗻𝗴 both mamma dog...Read More...

Would have to

Does "would have to" indicate the past, present, or future? And can I use "had to" instead of it? 1. To meet the challenge the public authority would have to be transformed into a public limited company. ( I think here it indicates "future") 2. But he said there would have to be a complete overhaul of the electoral system first. (Here it indicates past) 3. I think all the girls in the anime are awesome, but my favorites would have to be Nozomi and Umi! ( I can't understand what it indicates...Read More...

it was a long with present perfect

Dear Sir, good day! I had a long and hot argument with some colleagues about the sentence below. It was the best holiday that I have had for a long time. ( extracted from English Grammar in Use - page 2016) They say that it is grammatically wrong using "was" along with present perfect and they think that it should be used as follows It is or that is ( superlative or ordinal number) + present perfect it was or that was ( superlative or ordinal number) + past perfect To me, I think we can use...Read More...
Hi, Atef, I agree with you and disagree with your friends. All these sentences are used in a narrative style and the context is very important here. a) It was the best holiday that I have had for a long time. This sentence is grammatically correct. In 2018, you had a fantastic holiday, so you would say "It was the best holiday I have had for a long time." It means that that holiday was the best one until that time. b) It was the best holiday that I had had for a long time. In 2019, you had a...Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

Since (the) last or since last

I haven't seen you since the last time we met. Is it Ok to say (since the last ) ?? Why is it correct here? I read in a grammer book it is for the last not since the last.Read More...
Hi, Muhammed, Yes, it is grammatically correct to use since here. 'Since' is followed by a clause. I haven't see you since the last time we met = I haven't seen you since we met last time. 'For the last ...' is followed by a period of time, not a clause. BTW, take care how to write the word gramm ar correctly.Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

Using by the time

Is this sentence right? 1- My son was revising his lessons by the time I arrived home.(In my opinion, it is right but I want to make sure.) 2- By the time I get home, my son has already revised his lessons. (Does this sentence expresses a habit with (already). Is the expression by the time used with any tenses)?Read More...
The second sentence ,l found it written in famous English grammar books. I' d like to add this question It is known that sentence is right: By next week, l 'l l have finished revising my lessons But l 'm asking about using the future simple with by next week.does it work? By next week, l' ll finish my lessons.Read More...
Last Reply By Ahmed towab · First Unread Post

Tenses

She is really a good friend and she (never fails - never failed) to send me a letter each month. Which one is correct?Read More...
Hi, Emad, I'd keep the present tense here and go with 'never fails' . Compare: a) She is really a good friend and she never fails to send me a letter each month. b) She was really a good friend and she never failed to send me a letter each month. c) She is really a good friend and she never failed to send me a letter each month when I was abroad.Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post
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