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June 2021

with the quality of lighting being...

1) Ignatius Street was a particular problem area with the quality of lighting very poor at each end of it. 2) ‘Ignatius Street was a particular problem area with the quality of lighting being very poor at each end of it. I found '1' in the Oxford dictionary. https://www.lexico.com/en/definition/poor Meaning '2' (click of 'more example sentences') Sentence '2' is mine. My question is whether in '1' and in '2' Ignatius Street was a particular problem area because the quality of lighting was...Read More...
Hi, Navi, I think that the absence of a comma leads us to interpret the clause starting with "with" as one of reason: it is a problem area because of the poor lighting. With a comma, the same clause would be interpreted as descriptive of an additional problem the area has.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Co-Moderator · First Unread Post

about to finish - be finished

Hello. Could you please help me? Active or passive or both? 1- The report is about to finish. 2- The report is about to be finished. Thank you.Read More...
Well, the verb "finish" can be used both transitively and intransitively. A similar pair of sentences can be made up with the noun "speech": - The speech is about to finish (the delivery of the speech). - The speech is about to be finished (the delivery or the drafting of the speech).Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Co-Moderator · First Unread Post

Bet: VoO followed by an object clause?

Hello. In the following sentence, the verb bet has an indirect object you and an direct object sixpence , but is the that -clause an object clause? I bet you sixpence (that) it will rain tomorrow . Thank you.Read More...
I didn't mean "degree of certainty" but "the amount of the bet." That is an interesting example. I can only say that the "-that" clause is the content of the bet rather than the object. Honestly, I don't know how else to explain it syntactically.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Co-Moderator · First Unread Post

The use of apostrophe

Do I need s for the below sentence? e.g. Lorry Burnett and Simon Burnett's loan applications have been processed.Read More...
Hi, Cristi, You do need 's for the possessive above. We understand that Lorry and Simon applied for the loans on a joint basis. If they are individual borrowers, then you should say: - Lorry Burnett 's and Simon Burnett 's loan applications have been processed. Please see this old thread for further reference.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Co-Moderator · First Unread Post

Prior or Previously

Hello, All. I'm new to this site, so I apologize if this post violates the rules. However, if this is permitted, I wondered if someone could offer their opinion on the following, from a newspaper article about a high school athlete: "The center had seen UConn prior but said the school's proximity to his hometown isn't as big of a factor to his decision making as some may think." IMO, the reporter is misusing "prior," an adjective, when he should be using "previously," an adverb, to modify...Read More...
Hello, Nutmegger, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange. As long as you state your opinion, in this case as to how the text can be improved — which you have done —, you are not infringing any of our rules . However, what you should have done is include the source, which I think is this one . I agree with most of your objections and proposals. I think the reporter wrote "seen" because, earlier in the text, he mentioned that the player had only seen the campus virtually. Apart from your...Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Co-Moderator · First Unread Post

reason

Hi everybody! Which preposition would you use after 'reason'? 'of' or 'for'? Or are both possible and just have different meanings? Example: The reason for/of this speech ... Thanks for your help!Read More...
Hi, Zonzon, You should have provided us with a complete example to understand what you want to say. Anyway, what is natural to say is, ' The purpose of this speech is .......'. When 'reason' is used to mean 'why something happens', it is naturally followed by ' for '. It can be followed by ' of ' in the following fixed expressions: 'by reason of' and 'for reasons of'.Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

Having

John also insists on not having his identity revealed in newspaper reports as he fears more harassment and trolling from the public. What is the meaning of "HAVING"? Why did it use here? Source : https://www.thenewsminute.com/article/i-have-no-toilet-kerala-auto-driver-fined-cops-trying-access-public-loo-150562Read More...
Thank you Sir, God bless youRead More...
Last Reply By Grammar Man · First Unread Post

daily treatments or daily dealings or what?

Good day, Does this sentence sound English: "Tolerance should be obvious in our daily treatments" in the sense that "tolerance" should be present when we deal with people every day? Thanks in advance, Hossam, CairoRead More...
Hello, Hossam Nigm, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange. You shouldn't use "treatments," because it has a medical connotation. You can say: - Tolerance is a must in our daily relationships.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Co-Moderator · First Unread Post

present perfect

Hello. I have just read the following sentence but I think "has moved" is incorrect. - Amgad has moved (into - down - over - away) from this area since 2016. What is correct? Thank you.Read More...
Hi, Ahmed—This is a terrible grammar exercise, in that the only answer that makes sense ("away") could be used only in a very special, uncommon context. Suppose you returned to someplace you hadn't visited since 2016. Explaining this to someone who lives there, you might ask about Amgad's whereabouts. Assuming your interlocutor doesn't know Amgad very well (only that he has moved away since the time that the questioner had left), he could say: Amgad has moved away from this area since 2016.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

TAKE vs BRING

My greetings to you all I wish I ......... something to eat with me to the park. There is no restaurants here. a) had taken b) was taking c) have taken d) took I think that NONE of the options provided is correct. The verb TAKE doesn't work here because the speaker is still in the park. In my opinion. HAD BROUGHT or HAD should be the answer. What do you think?Read More...
I would suggest the ones you proposed at the beginning, had or had brought . Please also notice that we would normally say: There are no restaurants here.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Co-Moderator · First Unread Post

ready for

Are these sentences both correct: 1) They are ready to fight each other. 2) They are ready for fighting each other. Is there a difference in the meanings? Gratefully, NaviRead More...
If you are ready to do something, you are willing to do it. They are ready to fight each other. She was always ready to give interviews. If you are ready for something, you need it or want it. My regardsRead More...
Last Reply By Eidgreer · First Unread Post

I'm sure If she studied hard for it, she would pass it.

My daughter appeared for an exam almost a month ago. The results came out yesterday. I don't know her results yet, neither do I know whether she studied hard for the exam. But, (1) I'm sure If she studied hard for it, she would pass it. Q) Is sentence (1) correct?Read More...
No, Language Learner. In the situation you described, the parent could say: 2) If she studied hard, she must have passed it. (If it is true that she studied hard, then she must have passed it.) If the parent knows both the result and that his/her daughter studied hard, he/she could say: 3) I knew she would pass it if she studied hard.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Co-Moderator · First Unread Post

I got confused

We use the present simple in the future. And this is common when we talk about schedual or timetables Ex. My plane leaves at seven Q'clock My question is ;why we use (my plane) here as a subject not an object (because there is someone ( the pilot) who help the plane to take off) according to this the sentence must be Ex. My plane is left at seven Q'clockRead More...
Thanks alotRead More...
Last Reply By Eidgreer · First Unread Post

‘sensory verb + object + ing’

Hello, everyone, 1) I saw children playing on the ground. 2) “I saw children living in a town.” in; This was written on the back of a concert ticket I was given. They played instruments made entirely out of garbage. I could not imagine what kind of sound these instruments would make, so I was eager to find out. I was so into the music that I forgot that they were playing with instruments made from recycled materials. When I went to a small town called Cateura in Paraguay to work on a...Read More...
Hi, there, Sincerely appreciate your wonderful explanations, which have now made me understand the verb ‘ live ’ is not a stative verb in my original post. For your reference, my original question has originated from the problem - how we can tell following two constructions, since we often meet them everyday life; 1. “perceptual verb + DO + V-ing“ (-ing as a present participle describing the DO) 2. “perceptual verb + DO + V-ing“ (-ing as a reduced relative clause) For an instance, when we...Read More...
Last Reply By deepcosmos · First Unread Post

How to correct this question?

In this sentence there is a mistake with the past perfect. When we visited the museum, we went to the cinema. The answer is: When we had visited the museum, we went to the cinema. But I think the following sentence is fine as well. If it is not ok, could you be so kind to tell me why? When we visited the museum, we had been to the cinema.Read More...
I used "had gone" because we were talking about the past perfect, and the past perfect of "go" is "had gone," not "had been," which is the past perfect of "be."Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

it was my mind

a. That scene in my dream felt like my mind was trying to convince me everything was fine. b. That scene in my dream felt like it was my mind trying to convince me everything was fine. Are the above sentences grammatically correct and meaningful? The idea is that when I remembered that scene in my dream the feeling I had was that by conjuring that scene my mind was trying to convince me everything was fine. If the sentences are correct, what does 'it' in (b) stand for? I think it stands for...Read More...
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