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June 2022

Can anyone help out with these loose ends that I have to resolve?

I promise not to bug this forum for a while if I can get some help with these things! :) 1: https://thegrammarexchange.infopop.cc/topic/should-i-do-two-layers-of-quotation-marks-here 2: https://thegrammarexchange. infopop.cc/topic/how-do-you- deal-with-the-issue-of-a- pattern-applying-to-multiple- elements 3: https://thegrammarexchange. infopop.cc/topic/no-quite-a- grammar-issue-but-what-does- home-city-mean 4: https://thegrammarexchange. infopop.cc/topic/i-don-t-want-...Read More...
I have a big post on hyphenation ( https://thegrammarexchange.inf...de-when-to-hyphenate ) and I have a big post on quotation marks ( https://thegrammarexchange.inf...e-of-quotation-marks ) and then I have this "loose ends" post above that you're responding to! These are my only three things on my list!Read More...
Last Reply By Andrew Van Wagner · First Unread Post

Will / Going to?

Hi, I'm a bit confused about using "will" and "going to" to make predictions. So I'd like to know what should we use in these sentences: -The ending of this series is somber. You will / are going to be traumatized. -Look out! You will / are going to fall! -This story will / is going to be a scandal. Thanks!Read More...
Hi, Lou, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange, Both are correct, however, 'will' works better here because there is no present reality. It is a kind of exaggeration. 'Are going to' is the logical answer here. It is something that is about to happen, not something in the remote future. Both are correct.Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

Is it OK to have sentences that don't diagram in just one way?

I think that I asked something very similar to this before, but consider this sentence: https://join.substack.com/p/are-conspiracy-theories-dangerous I do this all the time on Facebook, and I’ll never convert hardcore conspiracy theorists, but I can actually reach a large number of people who are in the middle and who are just curious about what people are talking about. So it has the following structure: X, and Y, but Z. Does the "but" attach only to Y? Or to X? Or to X and Y? Not sure if...Read More...
Thanks so much for this incredible help! I really appreciate it! I'll go with the third option that you mentioned!Read More...
Last Reply By Andrew Van Wagner · First Unread Post

What part of speech is the word "anger"?

Hi! Could I ask you what part of speech is the word "anger" in the following sentence: (1) He is slow to anger. I thought that the "anger" there would be an intransitive verb, but I just realized that it might be a noun. I would appreciate it if you could share your thought. Thank you!Read More...
Hi, Ahmed, Thank you, you helped me a lot!Read More...
Last Reply By yasukotta · First Unread Post

Meaning of "when"

1. You don't seem to know when you are lucky. ( Context will be shown in the picture below) I think "know" is used intransitively, with when-clause being adverbial. Another analysis is that "know" is a transitive verb here, and the when -clause, being a norminal relative clause, functions as its object. The latter analysis suggests "when" is in the same sense as: 2. Do you remember when we went to Norway? That was a good trip. (LDOCE) I'm not sure I agree. What do you think?Thank you.Read More...
Greetings, While I find BillJ's analysis plausible, I think there is something to be said for the analysis toward which you are inclined, Robby. Please note that BillJ is not saying the "when"-clause is a "nominal relative clause"; he is saying the "when"-clause is a subordinate interrogative clause, i.e., an embedded question. I feel that there may have been some miscommunication when you asked whether "know" could alternatively be analyzed as intransitive in "You don't seem to know when...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

pronoun ‘one’ for abstract noun?

Hello, everyone, We think of color as a fundamental quality of the world around us. But in the outside world, color doesn’t actually exist. When electromagnetic radiation hits an object, some of it bounces off and is captured by our eyes. We can distinguish between millions of combinations of wavelengths – but it is only inside our heads that any of this becomes color. Color is an interpretation of wavelengths, one that only exists internally . Your reply would be really appreciated for...Read More...
Sorry; I overlooked your post. I don't think so. The pro-form "one" is defined by its antecedent, one that is not a full NP, as in the example I gave earlier. Please see my previous answer for the reasons that the pro-form "one" is not a pronoun.Read More...
Last Reply By billj · First Unread Post

practice <thinking> divergently

Hello, everyone, “In role-play, children act as if they are someone else, imagining and weighing possibilities. This helps them analyze situations from different perspectives. Pretending to be someone else, with all the gestures, actions, and language that involves, gives children practice thinking divergently as they consider different things they can pretend to do.” How to parse the thinking in the underlined part will be correct in following two ways?; 1) ‘gives children practice of...Read More...
Hi, Gustavo and David, really thanks for your supports as always.Read More...
Last Reply By deepcosmos · First Unread Post

Complex Object + adverbs

Hello, Everyone. Could you help me with the Complex Object? The task is to combine two sentences using the Complex Object. I could hear it perfectly well. They were discussing me. => I could hear them discussing me. Where can I put "perfectly well" in the sentence with the Complex Object (e.g., I could hear them perfectly well discussing me)? Or do I have to omit it? Thank you in advance.Read More...
Hi, Annetik, I'd put "perfectly well" in the middle of the verb phrase to avoid cutting off the accusative -ing structure: - I could perfectly well hear them discussing me.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Co-Moderator · First Unread Post

"If + ing" possible?

Hello Grammar Exchange members! (a) Only when he needed some help did he call me. (b) Only if we invest more money can we save the company. I'd like to ask you whether or not the dependent clauses in (a) and (b) can be reduced. To the best of my knowledge "Only when he needed some help" can be reduced to "Only when needing some help" as in (c) because the subject in the dependent clause is the same as the subject in the main clause. (c) Only when needing some help did he call me. However, I...Read More...
Excellent point, Gustavo. I suspected that lurking in my grammatical blindspot was some type of acceptable reduced-adverbial-clause -ing construction following "if." You have found it and have described its semantics very well.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

I don't want "extremely" to modify "easily linked"; does it do so, though?

See here: https://join.substack.com/p/concision-and-accusation Maybe you could move the needle if you created an extremely efficient—and easily linkable—one-stop-shop resource dedicated to debunking accusations against various scholars. Also, did anyone see my previous posts that were never responded to? Thanks so much and sorry to bother you guys!Read More...
The adverb-adjective parallelism and the dashes make it clear that "extremely" modifies "efficient" and that "easily" modifies "linkable." Would you say "extremely easily linkable"? I wouldn't. "Extremely" could modify an adjective between dashes like "easy-to-use."Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Co-Moderator · First Unread Post

How to understand the annotation "also"

Greetings, everyone. I'm sometimes confused by notations from the dictionary. Simply put, I don't understand what it is trying to convey. Here is one example. Negotiation: NOUN [mass noun] ( also negotiations) Discussion aimed at reaching an agreement: 1. a worldwide ban is currently under negotiation 2. negotiations between unions and employers 3. It took five months of negotiations between the two parties to have the agreement in place. How should I understand the notation " also...Read More...
If it said to be a mass noun, it cannot be "also used in the plural." When used in the plural, it is a count noun.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Co-Moderator · First Unread Post

fruit from the tree

a. They ate the fruit that was on the tree. b. They ate the fruit from the tree. c. They ate the tree's fruit. d. They ate fruit that was on the tree. e. They ate fruit from the tree. f. They ate some of the tree's fruit. Are all of the sentences grammatically correct? Do the first three imply that they ate all of the fruit on that tree? Many thanks.Read More...

On the day when you move

Supposedly, your friend is moving her home and you wanted to give her an instruction/guide. Is the below sentence grammatically correct? On a moving day, if you use a Ute, you can park in the loading bay and use the closest lift to get to level 1 or On the day when you move if you use a Ute, you can park in the loading bay and use the closest lift to get to level 1Read More...

so ~ enough to ~

The boy is not so old enough to go to high school. Which is same meaning to above sentence? 1) The boy is so old that he can't go to high school. or 2) The boy is not so old that he can't go to high school and second question.. What is the situation? The boy must be too young? or too old? for example, 7 year old boy or 30 year old?Read More...
Then, what is the meaning as follows. a) The boy(or gury) is not so old that he can go to high school. b) The guy(or boy) is not so old that he can't go to high school. q1) Are those sentence correct? q2) If right, can I rewrite as follows?": a) The boy is not old enough to go to high school. (meaning he must be under 10 year old.) b) The boy is too old to go the high school (meanging he must be over 30 year old )Read More...
Last Reply By sly · First Unread Post

If the first vampire <came> into existence

Hello, everyone, “Costas Efthimiou is a University of Central Florida physics professor claims he has mathematic proof that the vampires–at least as they are depicted in legend–simply can’t exist. The logic goes something like this: “On Jan 1, 1600, the human population was 536,870,911. If the first vampire came into existence that day and bit one person a month, there would have been two vampires by Feb. 1, 1600 . A month later there would have been four, and so on. In just two-and-a-half...Read More...
Hi, Gustavo, really appreciate. With my sincere RESPECTs to You.Read More...
Last Reply By deepcosmos · First Unread Post

Self-driving cars <is/are> an example

Hello, everyone, “ A newer approach, joint cognitive systems, treats a robot as part of human-machine team where the intelligence is synergistic, arising from the contributions of each agent. The team consists of at least one robot and one human and is often called a mixed team because it is a mixture of human and robot agents. Self-driving cars, where a person turns on and off the driving, is an example of a joint cognitive system . Entertainment robots are examples of mixed teams as are...Read More...
Hi, David, how could I thank you enough? Gustavo has almost saved me from another headache with a conditional sentence. With my sincere RESPECTs to all of you in G/Exchange~!!Read More...
Last Reply By deepcosmos · First Unread Post

Here, let me...

Hello, everyone. When we want to help someone do something, we often start the sentence/offer with, ' Here , let me (help you with that)'. It's something I would say, anyway. I'm just wondering what here means in that expression. I googled it, but I couldn't find any explanation of what here means in such a structure. I know it's really trivial and maybe even unnecessary to even bother about what it means, but I'd sleep better if I knew. I'd really appreciate your help with this. Many thanks.Read More...
Hahahaha! I tried, David! Thank you so much, David, for putting this in perspective for me. You've enriched my understanding by saying that Here functions as an interjection that is (and I quote from what you wrote) merely performing an abstract function as a discourse marker and social cue . And thank you for the links. Grateful as always, GilbertRead More...
Last Reply By gilbert · First Unread Post

along with that comes

Hi, "Unfortunately, along with that comes a lot of challenges.." Could you please explain what it means? What is the subject in the sentence? Thank you very much.Read More...
Hi, Kuen—The sentence has inversion and an incorrect verb form. The subject is "a lot of challenges," which is plural. "A lot of" quantifies "challenges," the plural head of the subject noun phrase: "Unfortunately, a lot of challenges come along with that" / "Unfortunately, along with that come a lot of challenges."Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

paintings that were on the walls

a. They stole the diamonds and precious paintings that were on the walls. b. The diamonds, and precious paintings that were on the walls, were stolen. Were all of the precious paintings that were on the walls stolen, or some of them only, or that is unclear? Many thanks,Read More...
Hi, Azz and Ahmed—Thank you, Ahmed, for your useful comments on Azz's pair of sentences here. I'm going to take a somewhat different approach because I think that Azz's question here has strictly to do with syntax and logic. In (a), it is unclear whether "all of the precious paintings that were on the walls" were stolen or whether only some of them were. It is also unclear in (a) whether the diamonds were on the walls or whether only the precious paintings were. Syntactically, (a) may be...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Happy to hear from you that.

Hi. We know this should read “Happy to hear that from you” but why? Thanks for any input. Is this just an unusual ditransitive verb situation?Read More...
Hi, Perriced—In the adjective phrase (not a sentence) "Happy to hear that from you," "that" functions as the direct object of "hear." "From you" is an (optional) prepositional-phrase adjunct/modifier. The complement of the verb (the direct object) needs to come before the adjunct modifying that entire verb phrase, except in special cases where the direct object is "heavy" enough to be post-posed: We are happy to hear from you the exciting news about your daughter's being admitted to such a...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Is there a meaning difference?

" I'd like to use the pan to bake bread " " I'd like to use the pan and bake bread ' Is there a big difference between the two sentences? And, if there is a not big difference, which do you say? ThanksRead More...
Hello, Nagy—If, as I suspect, you want to bake bread in the pan, you can use "I'd like to use the pan to bake bread." If you want to do two separate things, to use the pan (perhaps for pancakes) and to bake bread (perhaps in something other than the pan), you can use "I'd like to use the pan and bake bread."Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post
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