July 2019

Day/Date

ahmad
Hello, everyone, 1. He visited his family on June 3, 2017, and died on the same day next year. 2. He visited his family on June 3, 2017, and died the same day next year. 3. He visited his family on June 3, 2017, and died the same date next year. 4. He visited his family on June 3, 2017, and died on the same date next year. Which of the above sentences are correct or preferable? Thanks. PS: Sameness on the one hand and ever passing nature of time on the other make me feel a tad uncomfortable.Read More...
Thanks, sir.Read More...
Last Reply By ahmad · First Unread Post

You'd be better doing something

Hussein Hassan
Hello, there. Hope that all of you are fine. Is it grammatically right to say: You' d be better stopping smoking. I know some alternatives can be used instead, but I'm just wondering whether the phrase of "You'd be better doing something" in the context above was used correctly or not? Many thanks...Read More...
Thanks a lot, Gustavo and David for the information you've provided. Really interesting and helpful especially, the difference between "quit" and "stop". So, for this reason we say for example: "stop crying", but can't say "quit crying".Read More...
Last Reply By Hussein Hassan · First Unread Post

apart from

1 ) Apart from my marital life, I have a lot to be grateful for. 2 ) Apart from my marital life, there is a lot I am grateful for. According to these sentences, is my marital life something I am grateful for or not? Gratefully NaviRead More...
Hello, Navi, No, I would not say that "besides" is just as ambiguous as "apart from" there; it clearly has the "in addition to" meaning. However, unless it is supported by something like "other things" ("I have a lot of other things to be grateful for"), I do find the "besides"-phrase awkward in initial position, precisely because it seems as if the writer imagines it has the other meaning. It works better at the end, especially with the addition of a comma and "too": 1a') I have a lot to be...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Grammatical errors

Hello, "Unlike the USA, people in Canada and other counties are not allowed to use guns." I wonder which part is ungrammatical. I don't know the source of the sentence and it was a testing item from my grammar class. Does it have an error? Thanks.Read More...
Hi, Jiho, You are not comparing the countries, but their inhabitants. The countries should be referred to as the locations where different behaviors are reported, not as the elements being compared. I think the sentence could be fixed by saying: - Unlike (people) in the USA, people in Canada and other counties are not allowed to use guns. - Unlike what happens in the USA, people in Canada and other counties are not allowed to use guns.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

But

Hi everyone I want to know the role of "But" in these examples. -"Truth is but a bitter pill to swallow, but it is still the best medicine ever. " Is it equivalent to this sentence? Although truth is a bitter pill to swallow, it is still the best medicine ever. I should mention that I do not understand the role of first "But" in the sentence. The second example is here -" We should always remember that one does not loose but telling the truth, but only when he/she holds back. " is this,...Read More...
Thank you so much Because I had really been confused. The more I looked for it, the less I found it. I have taken these examples from " Sample Essays for the TOEFL ".Read More...
Last Reply By Leonard-Jones · First Unread Post

lit up by/with?

Would anyone like to chime in? The night sky was lit up with fireworks. OR The night sky was lit up by fireworks. much thanksRead More...
Hi, Perriced, Before answering your question, I'd like to make two corrections: 1. "chime in" is used when someone says something in the middle of a conversation, so it doesn't seem to be the right phrasal to start a thread. Such an invitation could be made in the middle of the thread, when there have already been some replies and you want somebody else to take part in the discussion. 2. "thanks" is plural, so you should say " many thanks." Now, in answer to your question, both sentences: a.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

"notwithstanding" & richer that portrayed

What is the meaning of "notwithstanding" and " richer that portrayed" in the sentence below? These research studies and analyses notwithstanding , the view of communication as transmission is much richer than portrayed here. Bruce, B. C., Connell, J., Higgins, C., & Mahoney, J. T. (2011). The discourse of management and the management of discourse. International Journal of Strategic Change Management .Read More...
Hi, Joshua, "These research studies and analyses notwithstanding " means the same thing as " Notwithstanding these research studies and analyses," which means the same thing as " In spite of these research studies and analyses." In "richer than portrayed here," "portrayed here" is a truncated comparative clause. The meaning is that "the view of communication as transmission is much richer than it is portrayed as being here."Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

fixed income

Hi, A: How about you hire a gardener to take care of that jungle you call a lawn? B: I'm on a fixed income. What does "be on a fixed income" mean? Thanks a lot.Read More...
Hi, Kuen: "Fixed income" has an economic definition that you can easily Google. By replying "I'm on a fixed income," Speaker B means to imply that his or her income cannot be increased to accommodate the expense of hiring a gardener. Speaker B's reply is a convoluted way of saying, "I can't afford to do that."Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

which one is correct?

the answer is 3 but why? perform is verb and where is the subject in second sentence!?Read More...
Hello, Ehsan, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange! Thank you for attaching a picture of the exercise you are asking about. In the future, please write out the question in the body of your post, so that reference to the attachment is optional rather than obligatory. Also, we ask that you use thread titles that are descriptive of the grammatical topic of the thread. Since "Is this correct?" could be used for almost any thread on this forum, it is not descriptive. You could use, say, "Where is...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

the meaning as in ...

1) Face has the meaning as in the saying "to lose face". Source: Jan Renkema, Introduction to Discourse Studies, John Benjamin's Publishing Company, Amsterdam/Philadelphia, 2004, p. 24 Link: https://books.google.com/ books?id=9KJXnCaADykC&pg=PA24& dq=%22the+meaning+as+in%22&hl= en&sa=X&ved= 0ahUKEwijm9S0otPjAhUKLKwKHXAtA QgQ6AEINzAC#v=onepage&q=% 22the%20meaning%20as%20in%22& f=false Here is the full passage: "An important source of inspiration in the study of...Read More...

next level henchmen status

The following is an excerpt from the CNN news of July 20. What does “next level henchman status” mean in this context? While temperatures in the area could reach 102 degrees, it'll likely feel even worse: The heat index , or the more accurate temperature your body feels when air temperature and humidity are both factored in, could be as high as 115 degrees, the weather service said. That's simply too hot for lawbreaking, Braintree police said. Committing a crime in this sort of weather is...Read More...
Hi, Fujibei, The article shows that this particular police department has a tendency to label things in colorful, humorous ways. This is the same police department that said that it is "hot as soccer balls out there." That is not a common expression. The meaning seems to be that the weather -- the extreme heat -- is itself doing violence to people. To commit a crime in this heat is to be an accomplice (a henchman) of the heat in "crime" and to take it to the next level (actual crime).Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

don't usually; usually don't

a. I don't usually do it. b. I usually don't do it. Are they both correct? If so, do they have the same meaning? Thanks!Read More...
Hi, Kis, The normal word order is: a. I don't usually do it. We usually place the adverb of frequency before the auxiliary in short answers: c. Do you drink cold tea? / I usually don't . Since (a) is the normal order, any disruption will be interpreted as emphatic. Therefore, in (b) "usually" seems to emphasize "don't."Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

one

May I know the meaning of ' one ' in the sentence below? Management discourse is a far more complex and fluid phenomenon, one requiring not just effective use, but management itself.Read More...
Hi, Joshua, In your sentence "one" is a pronoun and, as such, it refers to a noun. I'm not sure the sentence is a good one, but it seems to mean the following: - Management discourse is a far more complex and fluid phenomenon, a discourse requiring not just effective use, but management itself. In order to avoid the repetition of the noun "discourse," we can use the pronoun "one." I don't think the presence of the noun "phenomenon" is advisable, because "one" would seem to refer to...Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

Keep silent

Does it consider correct? Keep silent or will not be silenced And what we're trying to do is (just through civil disobedience and direct action and) let the whole world, let the international communities realise that how people in Hong Kong will not keep silent / will not be silenced under the suppression of President Xi and the chief Executive Carrie Lam. Thanks.Read More...
Hi, bear_bear, Your question is ungrammatical and meaningless. Are you trying to ask, " Is it considered correct? " If so, you could simply say, "Is it correct?" Each phrase is possible. The meaning is subtly different. If someone will not keep silent, they will not remain silent; they will follow their urge to speak. If someone will not be silenced, then they refuse to be caused to be silent. No one can force them to be silent. The verb phrase "will not be silenced" is passive. The sentence...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

No 'do' for a sentence

Sentence (a) with no 'do', it is correct if no '?' at the end of the sentence. (a) How entrepreneurs act in entrepreneurial management. (b) How do entrepreneurs act in entrepreneurial management ?Read More...
Hi, Joshua, What you are calling sentence (a) is not a sentence; it can be a noun phrase or an embedded question. As a noun phrase, it could be the subject of a sentence: How entrepreneurs act in entrepreneurial management is interesting. And here is an example of that same phrase as an embedded question: I wonder how entrepreneurs act in entrepreneurial management . But "How they act" is not a sentence, declarative or interrogative. If you wish to formulate a question, you need do support...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

<past perfect continuous: had been investigating> or <present perfect continuous: have been investigating>

I have made up two similar examples below. (1) (Suppose that I am talking to my friend about this at night.) Someone stole an expensive watch from my store. For the past six months, the police have been investigating (or had been investigating) the case and trying to figure out who did it. This morning , a witness led them to arrest the thief. (2) (Suppose that I am talking to my friend about this at night.) Someone stole an expensive watch from my store. For the past six months, the police...Read More...
Hi, Ansonman, The present perfect continuous is perfectly natural and correct in (1), and the past perfect would not work. You can't use the past perfect in a clause with "for the past six months," which refers to the past six months leading up to now. Neither the present perfect nor the past perfect works in (2). "For the last six months" refers to a period up to the time of speech, but the third sentence of (2) refers to an event that occurred "last month" which would have brought the...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Present Perfect Tense in article !

May I know why did the author use present perfect tense to write the sentence below? The second, represented by Kirzner, has stressed the informational aspects of the entrepreneurial function; his argument is that the entrepreneur has a superior knowledge of market imperfections, that he uses to his advantage. Source: Stevenson, H.H. and Jarillo, J.C., 2007. A paradigm of entrepreneurship: Entrepreneurial management. In Entrepreneurship (pp. 155-170). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.Read More...
No, it depends on the publication and the style it embraces. Reread my last post.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Thanks /Thanks to

Which is correct? 1 Thanks. Peter, for teaching me English. 2 Thank you, Peter, for teaching me English. 3 I want to say thanks to Hong Kong people for supporting our protests. 4 I want to say thank you to Hong Kong people for supporting our protests. 5 Thanks to the millions of Hong Kong people for joining the demonstrations and protests within past few weeks. Thanks.Read More...
That one doesn't work at all, bear_bear. Correct. Incorrect. You can say: (3a) I want to say thanks to the people of Hong Kong for supporting our protests. Incorrect. You can say: (4a) I want to say thank you to the people of Hong Kong for supporting our protests. Awkward. You can say: (5a) My thanks to the millions of people in Hong Kong for joining the demonstrations and protests within the past few weeks.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

'in' vs without 'in' vs "per"

May I know which sentence is correct? (a) The handout of the slides should be two slides in a page. (b) The handout of the slides should be two slides a page. (c) The handout of the slides should be two slides per page.Read More...
First you said "two slides a/per page." Then you said there was only one page. Now you are saying one slide in one page. You need to decide once and for all what your meaning is. Only then can we help you formulate it in English.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

in view of vs in view that

Is it correct to use 'in view that', instead of ' in view of' ? In view that the BizChannel@CIMB campaign which you have participated has ended, the fees and charges for BizChannel@CIMB as shown in the table below will be applied for all the services and transaction performed on BizChannel@CIMB effective from 21 st July 2019.Read More...
Both are incorrect, Joshua. You can say, "In view of the fact that . . . ." (or "In light of the fact that . . . "). Alternatively, you can say, "Given that . . . ."Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Relative Clause

1. Restrictions on one of the committees that monitor/monitors corporate waste disposal were revoked, allowing the committee to levy fines on violators of the disposal laws. The sentence above was taken from page 120 of 'The Princeton Review Reading and Writing Workout for the SAT (3rd Edition)'. The answer picked is 'monitors', with an explanation that we can delete the preposition phrase 'of the committees' and we'll have 'one' as the subject of the sentence. I do not agree with the...Read More...
Thanks so much for the excellent explanation, Mr David. I've attached screenshots of the question and answer pages from the text.Read More...
Last Reply By Yale Wale · First Unread Post
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