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July 2022

Source: Broadview Anthology of British Literature I'm not sure I understand this structure: Can we say it's an adverb phrase? I get tired when I walk in high heels. (Adverb clause) I get tired walking in high heels . (adverb phrase) Or is it the object of a preposition? I get tired (from) walking in high heels . Like I had considerable difficulty (in) persuading her to leave .Read More...
Hi, Mori—The string "walking in high heels" in the sentence "I get tired walking in high heels" is a nonfinite, present-participial clause with an unexpressed, understood subject (co-referent with the subject). This nonfinite clause may be said to function either as an adverbial adjunct or as a supplemental clause. In either case, it provides circumstantial information pertaining to the main clause ("I get tired"). The sentence is equivalent to: I get tired when walking in high heels.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

For the period

Do I need to put the words "for the period" for the sentence below? Or is it considered to be redundant? e.g. This email is to confirm the receipt of your rent payment in advance for the period 1/1/2022 to 14/1/2022.Read More...
You should use the first one because the second one might sound as if the confirmation, or the receipt of payment, extends from 1/1/2022 to 14/1/2022. In the first sentence, it is clear that it is the payment that corresponds to the mentioned period.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Co-Moderator · First Unread Post

What does "in turn" mean in this context?

See the bold...I'm not sure if it makes sense for Chomsky to write "in turn" here or what Chomsky means: https://join.substack.com/p/illumination “His actions in turn have led him to be pursued in a cruel and intolerable manner.”Read More...
Wireframes are strictly visual tools that will help you understand where text and images will go on individual webpages. You can use blank boxes and “dummy text” to get an idea of how your content will show up on the front-end. Work with your developer to create wireframes so that they have an idea of what you’re picturing https://mlsdev.com/services/it-staff-augmentation .Read More...
Last Reply By PawelM · First Unread Post

Invitation

I want to invite people for my daughter's birthday party so I want to ask how many of you are coming because I need to book it accordingly so is it the right way to ask there is a Video invitation card and with that is this right sentence to write? Please do confirm how many of you will be there for her Birthday party need to book accordingly. Thank you. Please do confirm how many of you will be joining for her Birthday party need to book accordingly. Thank you. Or anything better please do...Read More...
Hello, KhanG, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange. You could say: RSVP if you will be joining us. RSVP stands for the French expression Répondez s'il vous plaît , "please reply."Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Did anyone see my post about quotation marks?

I might have to pay you guys for this because it's a complicated headache of an issue: https://thegrammarexchange.infopop.cc/ and then put "topic/how-can-i-deal-with-the-nightmare-of-quotation-marks". Sorry for splitting the URL; the URL doesn't work for some reason if you try to paste it in one shot.Read More...

Are the commas around "during...1980s" OK?

See the commas around "during...1980s": https://join.substack.com/p/fantasy this “neo-liberal establishment would have us believe that , during its miracle years between the 1960s and the 1980s, Korea pursued a neo-liberal economic development strategy”, but the “very different” reality was that the “Korean economic miracle was the result of a clever and pragmatic mixture of market incentives and state direction” So the basic syntactic construction is like this: People want us to think that...Read More...
OK; that makes sense then! Thanks for your help; I appreciate it! I was just confused about this practice, but if it's a standard practice that goes way back then I was evidently just confused!Read More...
Last Reply By Andrew Van Wagner · First Unread Post

Relative Clauses

Kindly, I need to check the admissibility of the following sentence: He is the perfect engineer whose predecessor was not.Read More...
Hi, Ahmed Mokhtar—I agree with Ahmed_btm that your sentence is extremely odd at best, and like the revision that he has suggested, which captures the meaning that you are surely trying to express. For what it's worth, your sentence does have a meaning; it's just rather absurd and not the meaning you are trying to express. It means: " He whose predecessor was not the perfect engineer is the perfect engineer ."Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

If Question

My dad crashed my pc last night. That is why I can't send you an email. (use: If)Read More...
Hi, SoloA—Both conditionals are grammatically correct. Sentence (1) would naturally be used to explain why you cannot presently send an e-mail to the person to whom you are speaking, and (2) would naturally be used to explain why you could not send that person an e-mail between the crash and now.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Is "shone" used correctly here?

It sounds odd, but I'm not sure! https://join.substack.com/p/illumination WikiLeaks “ shone an appalling new light on the abuse meted out to the Muslim inmates at Guantánamo Bay, including the revelation that 150 innocent people were held for years without charge”Read More...
I agree with you, but it's a quote, so I'm just curious if it's OK; is it OK?Read More...
Last Reply By Andrew Van Wagner · First Unread Post

Do you "cause embarrassment for" or "cause embarrassment to"?

I personally like the sound of "cause embarrassment for" better, but see below some examples: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/0...radition-israel.html The long, drawn-out case has also caused embarrassment for Jewish people in Australia. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/0...ald-trump-media.html “My own personal opinion is he’s getting too much exposure,” says Robert Bennett, President Clinton’s personal lawyer leading up to the 1999 impeachment hearings. “If you want to really win, and not just...Read More...
Thanks! That makes sense!Read More...
Last Reply By Andrew Van Wagner · First Unread Post

How is "also" deployed in sequences?

This is probably a dumb question, but I often have a ton of notes in my articles where I just pull notes from the press in order to inform my readers about things. A standard sequence will be something like the below. I took the following notes on X article: - [notes] And I took the following notes on Y article: - [notes] And I also took the following notes on Z article: - [notes] So the sequence is "I took", "And I took", "And I also took". I wonder if that deployment of "also" is good or...Read More...
Great! Thanks so much!Read More...
Last Reply By Andrew Van Wagner · First Unread Post

When do you use "phrase" vs. "term"?

Hey guys! Sorry again for being rude previously; I appreciate your generosity in not banning me for my rudeness because that was obviously very inappropriate on my part. I wonder about use "phrase" vs. "term" to refer to the below things: https://join.substack.com/p/democracys-future - the generic term “startup cities” - the phrase “workplace democracy” - the phrase “wage slavery” - the phrase “voluntary lifetime-servitude” One possible idea would be to simply use "phrase" whenever more than...Read More...
Fantastic! I'll just lean toward "term" in all these instances then! Thank so much for this incredible help; I really appreciate it.Read More...
Last Reply By Andrew Van Wagner · First Unread Post

relates to versus was related to

In the below sentence, should I use relates to or was related to as the beginning sentence is past tense. e.g. Please refer to the screenshot below, on 25 January 2022, you made a payment to Ahe of $50 and allocated to Plant and equipment account. Could you please explain what this was related to or relates to?Read More...
Hi, Tony—You can use either one, and there are two choices you left out. You really have four choices: was related to, is related to, related to, relates to .Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

used to do + time markers

Are these OK? He used to play tennis last year. He used to play tennis ten years ago. He used to play tennis in 1998.Read More...
Hi, Me_IV, In all these examples, the simple past tense is the natural one to use, not used to . The simple past can be used with definite adverbials, while 'used to' is used with indefinite ones . Your last example is totally ungrammatical, however, in his thesis about the SEMI-MODAL USED TO, page 106, David mentions an interesting point about the following example: b. ??He used to be in the military in 1965. "This sentence is highly questionable only on a narrow-scope reading of the...Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

the same as

Hi, 1) Ms. Cooper was the one that had the same middle name as Wilfred . 2) Ms. Cooper was the one that had the same middle name as Wilfred's . I would like to ask for your judgement. Are both sentences correct or only one? 'Cooper' and 'Wilfred' are last name, and not middle name. I'd appreciate your help. MoonRead More...
Hi Gustavo, Thank you for your clear explanation.Read More...
Last Reply By moon2 · First Unread Post

The need to use "as" for number

Do I need to use "as" in the following context? The income tax liability for the 2021 income year is calculated as $5K and it was paid on 1 January 2022Read More...
Hi, Tony, I'd say: - The income tax liability for the 2021 income year is calculated at $5K and (it) was paid on 1 January 2022. or - The income tax liability for the 2021 income year is calculated as equal to $5K and (it) was paid on 1 January 2022. or - The income tax liability for the 2021 income year is calculated in the amount of $5K and (it) was paid on 1 January 2022.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Co-Moderator · First Unread Post

Asking for help

Kindly, I need to know the answer of the following question and the reason. Q. Naguib Mahfouz was a pioneer in ........... Arabic literature. (the - a - an - no article). Thanks in advance.Read More...
Hi, Dr. Omar Almassry, Next time, please remember to title your question correctly. Please read our Guidelines . "Asking for help" is not a good title. "Articles," or "Article for 'literature'," would be a good title in this case. The answer to your question (rather than the answer "of" your question) is "no article" (or "zero article"), because "literature" is a non-count and abstract noun used in a generic way.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Co-Moderator · First Unread Post

"Within" vs "within it"

Are both the following sentences correct? 1- A cloud bears lots of water vapor within . 2- A cloud bears lots of water vapor within it .Read More...
Hi, Subhajit, I find both of them to be correct. In (1), "within" is an adverb. In (2), it is a preposition. Something similar could be said if "inside" were used.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Co-Moderator · First Unread Post

Present Perfect + Since Doubt.

Doubt 1: Is the sentence correct?- She has played Tennis since 2011. If not then why it not correct. Doubt 2. " I have worked/lived here since 2005" VS " I have been working/living here since 2005". Most of the teachers I consulted with, have told that - both the sentences denote an action that stated in 2005 and is valid/continuing even at present. So both the sentences MEAN THE SAME ( No Difference IN MEANING). My question is that, If there is no difference in meaning then why there is...Read More...
Thankyou so much sir for clearing my doubts. God bless you.Read More...
Last Reply By Nazia Fatima · First Unread Post

How do you decide when to hyphenate?

Here are some examples where I'll put on the left (in quotation marks) a potential hyphenation and then I'll put on the right (also in quotation marks) the misinterpretation that the potential hyphen would serve to prevent if implemented: (1) "JFK-assassination nonsense"..."JFK [assassination nonsense] " (2) "hardcore conspiracy-theorists"..." [hardcore conspiracy] theorists" (3) "Pentagon advisory-documents"..." [Pentagon advisory] documents" (4) "crazy conspiracy-theorist"..." [crazy...Read More...
Just a thought about hyphenation! I think that the issue of hyphenation is additionally challenging because you're not merely trying to make it possible for readers to know what you meant; you're trying to make it minimally burdensome on the reader and that means complicated judgments instead of leaving it to the reader's potential ability to figure things out. Does this complicate matters? Thanks, and sorry again for my faux pas of including my friend's rude comments; that was embarrassing...Read More...
Last Reply By Andrew Van Wagner · First Unread Post

Is a hyphen needed on "classical liberal"?

I feel like I don't need a hyphen on the bold because "classical liberalism" is a well known thing...but I want to be rigorous and clear...so should I hyphenate regarding the bold? https://join.substack.com/p/democracys-future Ellerman uses a classical liberal approach to argue for essentially socialism—this is the same basic logic that was used to argue against slaveryRead More...
Thank you for this excellent help! I just made a new post on hyphens!Read More...
Last Reply By Andrew Van Wagner · First Unread Post

How should I deal with these three issues?

1: Should I hyphenate the two bold words to make "JFK-assassination"? "I don't pay attention to this JFK assassination nonsense." 2: Wouldn't it be excessive to hyphenate the two bold words to make "conspiracy theorists", even though technically you can see an argument for that? I do this all the time on Facebook and will never convert hardcore conspiracy theorists 3: How should I format the bold? Looks like "advisory" should be lowercase...I think ...? And I doubt that I need to hyphenate...Read More...
Thanks! I made a new post on hyphens!Read More...
Last Reply By Andrew Van Wagner · First Unread Post

How can I deal with the nightmare of quotation marks?

1: Should I have quotation marks on the two things in bold below? https://join.substack.com/p/control 2: Or on the two things in bold below? https://join.substack.com/p/ho...ld-history-be-taught 3: Below I don't put "critical race theory" in quotation marks because it's an image caption; what should be my policy on that front? In a caption I'm not sure whether to use the quotation marks; that might be sort of disrespectful or unjournalistic or something.Read More...

Does "OK" apply to the bold?

I have the following: https://join.substack.com/p/are-conspiracy-theories-dangerous “OK, people don’t really want to talk about Vietnam, but I can do a movie about the JFK assassination and that way I can slide Vietnam into the conversation .” I'm not sure if "OK" applies to the bold; one might imagine that I'd put a period after "Vietnam" and "capitalize "but" and make a new sentence starting with "But I can do a movie..." if I wanted "OK" to not apply to the bold, but I'm not sure if that...Read More...
Thanks for your excellent help with this! I really appreciate it!Read More...
Last Reply By Andrew Van Wagner · First Unread Post
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