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"Graduate" or "graduate from"

Which is correct: I graduated from high school. I graduated high school. Jan jansears@hotmail.com [This message was edited by Grammar Exchange on April 05, 2003 at 10:35 AM.]Read More...

Pres. perf. simple vs. pres. perf. continuous

(Reposted from old newsgroup on 3/14/03) Could you tell me which one is the correct answer of the sentences below? Why? 1) Somebody has been eating/ has eaten my chocolates. There aren't many left. 2) Thank you very much for the camera.I have been wanting/ I have wanted it for ages, Hakan BüLKEN serhannevin@ttnet.net.tr [This message was edited by Grammar Exchange on March 24, 2003 at 10:46 AM.]Read More...

'Will' after 'if' and 'when'

I would like to take the opportunity to ask something about a different point. It is sometimes emphasized in grammar books that using "will" is not possible after subordinating conjunctions such as "if" and "when". I think this happens only when you´re talking about true adverbial clauses, but not in the case of noun clauses and adjective clauses. After all, even though it´s considered ungrammatical to say things like "I will go with you tomorrow if I will have time", and "When he will...Read More...

Subjunctive *with modals* in noun clauses?

In the Blue Azar, it is stated that with subjunctive noun clauses, "should" and "ought to" are acceptable in the noun clause. I teach my students that no modals are acceptable -- that the noun clause verb must be in the base form. What are others doing? Diane christod@scc-fl.eduRead More...

Adverbial and noun phrases

Is it right to say that generally speaking, when we have - ing noun phrases, the -ing word is a gerund (and the noun phrase can be replaced by a noun), and in -ing adverbial phrases, the -ing word is a present participle (in which case the ing phrase cannot be replaced by a noun). Are the following ways of classifying the words/phrases correct? While going there, he came up with a good plan while going there = adverbial phrase while = subordinating conjunction going = participle After...Read More...

Interrogative form

(Reposted from old newsgroup on 2/13/03) Do the two following questions have the same meaning? (1) Had you seen him? (2) Hadn't you seen him? Can I use both of the above sentences to replace the other in any given context? Elevation i_hagerty@hotmail.comRead More...

"Formula" sometimes doesn't make sense

What's wrong with this sentence? As soon as I finished my homework, my brother broke his arm. Reason for question – some grammatically correct language fits a "formula" but doesn't make sense. How can I bridge between the formula/rule and the resulting real meaning (or meaningfulness) of the sentence? Rachel Burns r_silver@yahoo.comRead More...

Omission of the definite article with a singular count noun

I understand a title of an organization "Office of ..." needs a definite article, such as "the Office of Student Affairs" unless it is in the headline, where "the" can be omitted. I found, though, expressions like "Students need to apply to Office of Student Affairs..." Is this use, "Office of ..." without "the", in a sentence acceptable? Thanks Ken600 [This message was edited by Grammar Exchange on April 01, 2003 at 07:54 PM.]Read More...

After a prepositional phrase which begins a sentence...

"In the next room a man and a woman were having a heated argument." In the text it stated this was incorrect; the sentence should have read, "In the next room were a man and a woman having a heated argument." I think that both are correct and there is only a shade in nuance. "In the next room were a man and a woman...." stresses location. Am I right? Lukas Murphy Lukas.murphy@sunywcc.eduRead More...

Articles with proper nouns

How do you explain "a girl," but not "a Judy"? "The US.A." but not "the Canada"? I know from your books that this is the hardest grammar point for students to acquire. Cathleen Faraj Cathleen.Faraz@fcps.eduRead More...

Phonetics

Can anyone tell me how the pronunciation of a vowel will be affected by the consonant following it? For example, leg is pronounced like 'lig' and egg as 'ig'. (Some native speakers insist that they are pronounced with the e as the e in bed or Ted or FedEx.That means, there is no change.) To me,the properties of 'e' or 'i' seem to have changed when they are followed by 'k' or 'g' as in 'leg' or 'tick'. Does this change take place only when 'e' or 'i' is followed by the velar consonants 'g'...Read More...

'Goodbye, George. May you and John be together...'

(Reposted from old newsgroup on 3/14/03) A touching note on the occasion of George Harrison's death over the weekend appeared in Central Park's Strawberry Fields. Maybe you saw a picture of this in the newspaper or on television: Goodbye, George. May you and John be together forever. How can "may you" be explained? We tell our students, when discussing modals, that "may you" does not exist. We use ""May/Can I?" and "Could/Can/Would/Will you?"Read More...

Subject-verb inversion with 'nor'

(Reposted from old newsgroup on 3/14/03) The blue Azar, Third Ed. introduces coordinating conjunctions for combining independent clauses (page 355, chart 16-3). there are examples given for each of the conjunctions except for 'nor'. My students asked me to give an example using 'nor', which I did. Then we realized that the subject and verb are inverted when using 'nor' in this construction, but they are not inverted for the other coordinating conjunctions (and, but, so, for, yet). examples:...Read More...

The plurals of 'fish' and 'fruit'

(Reposted from old newsgroup on 3/14/03) I wonder what the plural of fish is. Some people told me it is "fish" for different species, but if we are talking about fish of the same kind, we can say "fishes." The same happens to "fruit." What is the grammatically correct answer?Read More...

'Whole' and 'all' -- interchangeable?

(Reposted from old newsgroup on 3/14/03) In what kind of contexts are the words interchangeable? As far as I understand, the difference between these two words lies in being countable or uncountable. However, we can say: the whole world and all the world. Why is this possible?Read More...

'There is' or 'there are' a variety?

(Reposted from old newsgroup on 3/14/03) Would you say: There is a variety of ways in which a vacation can be spent. or There are a variety of ways in which a vacation can be spent. I say "there is" because it has to agree with "variety" (singular), but some say "there are," or that both ways are correct. What do you think? DianeRead More...

'I could/couldn't care less'

(Reposted from old newsgroup on 3/14/03) While reading an editorial in today's New York Times, I found this sentence: "America could care less about that." I have always used that expression as an expression of not caring at all about the subject being discussed. A friend always corrected me and said it should be, "I couldn't care less." Which is correct? jskolnik@nycap.rr.comRead More...

'Expect' and 'hope'

(Reposted from old newsgroup on 3/14/03) I'd like to know all the possible uses of the verbs "expect" and "hope" and if there is any important consideration about them. Thanks. María Elisa Sánchez. alvarezsanchez@cpenet.com.arRead More...

Noun clauses in indirect speech

(Reposted from old newsgroup on 3/14/03) I would appreciate your reply on the apparently simple error in the sentence: I'd like to know what did he say. Obviously, the correct form is: I'd like to know what he said. However, I am not sure exactly which rule of grammar is being violated. Do you think the following is correct? ˜What did he say' is used when ˜what' is being used to ask a question, whereas in ˜what he said', ˜what' means ˜that which'. Thanks in advance. Hoping to hear from you soon.Read More...

'During' and other prepositions

(Reposted from old newsgroup on 3/14/03) What about prepositions that cannot be followed by gerunds, such as "during"? Are there other cases? GiseleRead More...

Gerund or Participle

(Reposted from old newsgroup on 3/14/03) I have a sentence as follows: That girl is guilty of premeditatedly killing her dog. I want to know whether "killing" is this sentence is a participle or a gerund. Thank youRead More...

Nouns as adjectives

(Reposted from old newsgroup on 3/14/03) I wonder if it is correct to say 'women jobs'? Wouldn't it be better to say 'woman jobs'?Read More...

'Didn't use to' or 'didn't used to'?

(Reposted from old newsgroup on 3/14/03) On page 52 in the grammar box, there is "Didn't used to" and "didn't use to." We have always taught "didn't use to." If there is not a consensus, why put it in the book? It really messed up my students. Has anyone seen the same structure in other grammar texts? Unless a thorough linguistic data base is assembled, we should refrain from teaching our students something which departs from the "standard written language". Thanks. Osmond Duffis-SjogrenRead More...
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