All Forum Topics

Restrictive or nonrestrictive clauses

This question is from Lina. ___________________________ Hello, I'd like to ask two questions about the following sentence (#1) , which I found it in the answers of exercises. #1 I lost my gloves which my sister had bought me only the previous day. Question 1: I think "my" should be "the" or something because there is no comma before "which." Is it OK to use "my gloves" before restrictive relative pronoun "which"? Is that because "I" have many gloves? Or is this answer incorrect? Question 2:...Read More...

What is the subject of this sentence?

What is the subject of the following sentence? In one of the bloodiest battle of the Civil war, fought at Sharpsburg, Maryland, on September 17, 1982, four times as many Americans were killed as would later be killed on the beaches of Normandy during D-Day.Read More...

Past participle only or "being" + the past participle?

Hello, teachers! [3] Which is better/correct, with or without "being"? I think we should omit the unnecessary "being." Am I wrong? - The gas station (being) run by Jack's father is the cheapest around here. [* The gas station is being run by Jack's father.] Thank you very much. Best Regards.Read More...

Comparison

Is the following ambiguous? rice has a protein higher in quality than wheat.Read More...

The doer of the gerund

Hello, teachers! Are thess all acceptable as the doer of the gerund as a subject? Paul/Paul's/Him/His rejecting the offer was very reasonable. Thank you very much. Best Regards.Read More...

The position of adverbial clause

Hello, teachers! [1] Is there any difference or preference? 1. They didn't give him the job because his experience was insufficient. 2. Because his experience was insufficient, they didn't give him the job. [2] Can we also use these adverbial phrases instead. 1. because of his insufficient experience 2. because of his lack of experience Thank you very much. Enjoy the sunshine.Read More...

Is this a clause following a preposition?

A Nobel laureate in economics wrote as follows. Worse still, it is now clear that Bush never had a plan for when the war ended. "when the war ended" looks to me a clause. Can a clause follow a preposition "for"? I used to think only nouns or noun phrases can follow prepositions, as in " a plan for the future" or "a plan for the party". appleRead More...

Past participle vs. "being" + past participle

Hello, teachers! [2] I think that #1 and #2 have the same meaning, but #3 is incorrect. Am I right? 1. I have two books that will be published next week. 2. I have two books being published next week. 3. I have two books published next week. Thank you very much. Best Regards.Read More...

Plural or singular verb with "who"?

Hello, teachers! Which is correct, the plural or singular verb? 1. Who are/is living in the buildings standing over there? 2. Who on earth are/is driving all the cars filling that road? Thank you very much. Best Regards.Read More...

Past participle vs. "being" + past participle

Hello, teachers! [1] The difference in meaning; I think that the simple passive forms mean "When I saw, the behavior is finished, and/or I saw the entire procedure." And the progressive forms mean "When I saw, the behavior is progressing." Am I right? 1-1. I saw the boy carried to the ambulance. 1-2. I saw the boy being carried to the ambulance. 2-1. I saw him beaten by his father. 2-2. I saw him being beaten by his father. Thank you very much. Best Regards.Read More...

Difference in word order in restricted clauses

1. The secular story that The LOTR is, could never be a religious story. 2. The secular story that is The LOTR, could never be a religious story. What is the difference between the restricted clauses italicized above.Read More...

Parallels

It will be sent to us for repair or________ at no cost. a)replace b)replaced c)to replace d)replacing I can't understnd why the correct answer is replaced. Personally, I will use replacement instead. What do you think about this?Read More...

What is the antecedent of "it"?

This question is from Lina _______ Hello Woud you help me get the meaning of the following paragragh, which is in the translation exercise? I'd like to ask what two "it"s refer to ( I capitarized "it" ). Here is the exercise paragraph: My mother accepted things as they were and was determined to make the situation work out well. Her love and devotion for my brother and me made our lack of material possessions seem insignificant. Even today, if I were given the choice between having wealth...Read More...

is made / was made ?

Hello All, 1) This chair is made by Tom. 2) This chair was made by Tom. When does one use "is made" and when does one use "was made" ? Because "made" is past, and both the sentences are in the passive form.From the present point of view the chair is already made so which sentence would one use..so explanation would be highly appreciated as usual ThanksRead More...

"Has" or "have"?

Dear All, I had always thought that it was "It is you who HAVE to ...." until I read "It is you who HAS to ..." the other day. Which is right ? Thank you. RickyRead More...

Parallel structure

Hello, teachers: Could you please tell me which is the correct choice? 1. I will choose to stay home instead of [to go, going] to see the movie. 2. I'd rather stay home than [go, to go, going] to see the movie. Thank you very much. Best Regards.Read More...

"Should": advisability or expectation

I know 'should' has two primary meanings showing advisability or expectation. But sometimes I am confused without the context. Please look at the sentences below. 1.She should do well on the test. She should have done well on the test. 2. The letter should have been sent last week. 3.James should have been told the news a long time ago. 4.The class should be divided in half. Do we know what the 'shoulds' in the sentences mean without additional contexts? thanksRead More...

distancing using the past tense

Hello, Please take a look at the following sentences : 1) "I would suggest that you left London as soon as possible," he said. 2) "I suggest that you leave London as soon as possible," he said. Question : Am I right that both sentences mean the same thing but sentence (1) is more polite because of the past tense 'left' and that the past tense is possible because of 'would' ? Thank you RickyRead More...

What's the word?

Hi, I have been scratching my head but can not get the word for the "snow patterns" formed on windows panes in winter. Are they also called icicles? Thank youRead More...

To ride in the MRT

Dear teachers, I got the question from a test paper and a textbook. (1) Can we say "It's also very comfortable to ride in the quiet, clean, air-conditioned cars"? (2) Which of the following answers is more appropriate? Mary and Cathy rode home (A) took the MRT (B) on the MRT (C) by MRT (D) in the MRT I know (A) is incorrect. But what about (B)、(C)and (D)? Thanks a million for your help! P.S. MRT means "Mass Rapid Transit". It's like London's underground.Read More...

Transitive verbs; easy way to memorize verb + gerund and/or infinitive?

I am curious as to the exact definition of a transitive verb. I had been under the impression that it is a verb which takes a direct object; however, I read something in 501 English Verbs which gives the impression that a transitive verb is one which is followed by an object (direct OR indirect). Also, is there an easy way to memorize the verb lists (verb + gerund and/or infinitve)? Students often ask me this. Thank you!Read More...

Static verb or Action verb

Hello, teachers! 1. This bread [stinks, is stinking]. * Which is correct or common? 2. You are stinking of/like wine! * Which is correct or common. "of" or "like"? 3. He [stands, is standing] to lose the game. * Which is correct or common? 4. They are/stand waiting to see who takes the first step. * Do these have the same meaning? Thank you very much. Enjoy the rain calling spring.Read More...

Contributions for?

As I know, contribution goes with preposition to or toward. But this sentence below came into my sight; It will make important contributions for a positive outcome for young people. Is it okay? thanksRead More...

Second Conditional

Hi, The following sentence is in the 2nd conditional, but the verb "found" sounds incorrect: If I were you I'd found a company. Shouldn't it be:- If I were you I'd start a new company. Isn't "found" in this context always in the past tense ? He founded the company in 1967. The sentence above sounds more like it, but can one write it in the second conditional? Help needed !!! ThanksRead More...
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