All Forum Topics

"To have beaten" or "having beaten"?

Which of the two sentences is correct? 1. Peter is the only boxer to have beaten Mark this year. and 2. Peter is the only boxer having beaten Mark this year. My sense tells me that #2 is the correct one as, I think, it comes from: Peter is the only boxer who has beaten Mark this year. I'm not quite sure my analysis is correct. Maybe somebody can help me here.Read More...

The modifier of 'first time'

Hello, teachers! Please check these sentences. * 1. This is my first time to fish on a boat. * 2. This is the first time for me to fish on a boat. 3. This is the first time that I have fished on a boat. I heard that 'first time' cannot be followed by an infinitive, and we have to use 'the first time', not 'my first time', so #1 & #2 are incorrect. Is it right? I have searched through Google and found over 100,000 entries with "the first time that I", but I found about 35,000 entries with...Read More...

'Keep -ing' vs. 'go -ing'

Hello, teachers! Are these all correct expressions? If so, would you please tell me the difference in meaning between 'keep -ing' and 'go -ing'? And tell me if # 1 & 2 mean intentional actions or not, please. 1. My boy keeps/goes coughing. 2. I keep/go coughing. 3. He kept/went talking. 4. I kept/went talking. Enjoy twinkling stars in the dark sky. Best Regards.Read More...

Participle use?

This question has been sent in by Apple: _______ Please take a look at this sentence I found in the newspaper. "The attack appeared aimed at weakening Hamas to prevent it from claiming victory." What is the function of "aimed"? Is it a participle as a complement? (I'm not sure if this term even exists) If I'm even close, can this "aimed" be replaced with "aiming" meaning the same? AppleRead More...

The present participle which doesn't mean "on-going action"

Hello, teachers! I know 'Sentence 1' is incorrect, and it should be 1a. I think this is because 'belong' is a static verb, not an action verb. (x) 1. We live on Earth, belonging to the solar system. -> 1a. We live on Earth, which belongs to the solar system. However, sentences 2 is correct, I think. 2. We live on a planet [belonging, which belongs] to the solar system. And I think #3, 4 & 5 are incorrect, but #6 is correct. (x) 3. We have a lot of flowers [smelling] good in our...Read More...

"However" as a modifier?

Please consider the following sentence: Once the people are disillusioned by blatant mischief-making, it becomes increasingly difficult to dazzle them, however impressive the lies . 1. What is the element " however impressive the lies " called in grammatical term? 2. Does "however" in the sentence function as a conjunction? 3. Can the element in (1) be moved around in the sentence? I'm sorry that I may ask too many questions but this construction is interesting.Read More...

Capitalization for departments

When reference is being made to departments in companies, is it more correct to capitalize the noun "department" and the specific area? For example, "Many changes have taken place in the Accounting Department. On the other hand, the Sales Department hasn´t been affected at all by the latest developments". Thank you. Gisele São Paulo, BrazilRead More...

"Ones" or "the ones"?

This question has been sent in by Apple, who can not access the Newsgroup at the moment: _______ Take a look at the following sentences. (1) My brother wanted to be a teacher and I wanted be one too. (2) My brothers wanted to be teachers and we wanted to be ones too. Is (2) correct? If not, why not? The plural form "ones" always needs a determiner "the". Is this it? We just tell the students this rule?Read More...

"Was," "would have been," or "would be"?

Dear All, When I asked the following question, I received the answer in 3 different ways. Are they all correct and what is the difference ? Q: So, how old was she at the time ? A1. She was about 6. A2. She would have been about 6. A3. She would be about 6 Thank you. Regards, RickyRead More...

"So" vs. "that"

Hello, teachers! - To say so/that doesn't become you. Which is correct, so or that? If both are correct, would you please tell me the difference in meaning? Thank you very much. Best Regards.Read More...

"A reliable ethics"?

I read this sentence in this morning's New York Times. Is "a reliable ethics" correct? "You don't have to be clinically depressed or burdened by childhood guilt to want help with the timeless questions of the human condition -- the persistence of suffering and the inevitability of death, the need for a reliable ethics." HowardRead More...

"Penguin's" or "penguins' "

What do they mean? And which is correct? 1.The penguin's natural habitat is in polar regions. 2. The penguins' natural habitat is in the polar regions. 3. Penguin's natural habitat is in the polar regions. 4. Penguins' natural habitat is in the polar regions. thanks a lotRead More...

Complements

In the sentence "I can't see it move.", the object of the verb is "it" and "move" is a bare infinitive. However, could we consider that the entire phrase "it move" is the complement of the verb? The references which I checked seem to differ on this topic. Thank you!Read More...

Typo -- should be "had," not "has"?

Dear All, Would I be right to say that there has been a typing mistake in the following sentence ? "The papers were full of angry protests from China about the visits the Japanese prime minister has (?) made there." Should it not be "had" ? Thank you . RickyRead More...

"For oneself" meaning "without others' help"

Hello, teachers! Can I use 'for oneself' as the meaning of 'without other's help'? Or do I have to use 'by oneself' or 'oneself'? * example sentences: 1. You should judge for yourself. 2. What's the topic in the paper this morning? / [Handing over the paper] See for yourself. 3. I solved the problem for myself. 4. I figured it out for myself. Thank you very much. Best Regards.Read More...

Idioms meaning "everybody"

Dear experts, I feel there's a slight difference in meaning between the following idioms but have difficulty pinpointing it: ALL HANDS AND THE COOK ALL THE WORLD AND HIS WIFE Thank you, YuriRead More...

Noun + noun -- "baby food," "men's clothes," and more

We've been wondering why noun+noun phrases starting with "baby" don't seem to take the possessive form while other "age groups" do: cf, baby food, baby talk, baby clothes with children's books, men's clothes, etc.Any help will be appreciated.Read More...

"The father of the bride"

Hello, teachers! Please explain these to me. [1] What is "the father of the bride/groom"? [2] Why isn't it "the bride's/groom's father"? [3] Why is it "the advent of Christ", not "the Christ's advent"? [4] Why is it "the resurrection of the dead", not "the dead people's resurrection"? Thank you very much. Best Regards.Read More...

The double possessive

Hello, teachers! Would you please tell me which is correct? 1. Those students of Mr Smith('s) are going to the gym. 2. A cousin of my wife('s) is coming to visit next week. And how about these? 1a. Those students in/of Mr Smith's class are going to the gym. 2a. One of my wife's cousins is coming to visit us next week. I think these [1a & 1b] sound more natural. What do you say? Thank you very much. Best regards.Read More...

Answers to "Why are you late?"

Hello, teachers! A; Why are you late? B; Sorry! [______] Which can we use in the place of [______] as an excuse? 1. I was at the bank this morning. 2. I visited the bank this morning. 3. I went to the bank this morning. 4. I have been to the bank this morning. I think these are all possible. Am I right? Or should I leave out "this morning" in #4? Thank you very much. Best Regards.Read More...

"To call someone [nickname]"

Hello, teachers! Would you please tell me which is the correct expression? 1. Grandpa still calls Mom [a young lady, a pimple/pizza face]. 2. Grandpa still calls Mom [young lady, pimple/pizza face]. 3. Grandpa still calls Mom [Young Lady, Pimple/Pizza Face]. Thank you very much. Best Regards.Read More...

'Some' with a singular count noun

Hello, teachers! Can I use 'some' as a meaning of 'an unfamiliar' instead of the indefinite article? 1. Some/A boy was sitting on the bench crying/weeping. 2. There was some/an old man jogging with Jessica. 3. I bought it at some/a shop in Soho. Thank you very much. Best Regards.Read More...

"In" or "for" with "for a long time"?

Would like to ask the difference between in a long time and for a long time. Here are the examples: I haven't seen her for a long time. I haven't seen her in a long time. Thank you!Read More...

Which wording is best?

This question has been sent in by Lina: _______ Hello I really appreciate having kind help here. Now I'd like to rewrite #1. Would you check #1~5? #1 If he had not employed me then, I would still be out of work. #2 If he had not hired me then, I would still be out of work. #3 If he had not given me a job then, I would still be out of work. #4 If he had not given me work then, I would still be jobless. #5 If he had not taken me then, I would still be out of work. Especially I wonder if you...Read More...
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