All Forum Topics

past or past perfecf

Please look at the conversation; A: When did the fire in the store break out? B: I heard it happened at midnight. Is it okay to say 'I heard it had happened at midnight'? The fire happened before speakerB heard. thanksRead More...

Countability

Hello, teachers! Would you please check these sentences? 1-1. I preferred roasted coffee to ground coffee. 1-2. There are various kinds of coffee/coffees; (a) roasted coffee, (a) ground coffee, (an) instant coffee, (a) decaffeinated coffee, etc. 2-1. I need some Scotch tape. 2-2. [To my friend] Do you have [Scotch tape, any Scotch tape, a roll of Scotch tape, a Scotch tape]? 2-3. [at a/the stationery store] I'd like three [Scotch tapes, rolls of Scotch tape]? 3-1. Every time I chop [onion,...Read More...

Why "had" and not "has"?

Hello, Please take a look at the following sentence : "Meanwhile, the workers' union has called on its members not to use trolleys similar to the one involved in the accident, until the cause of the tragedy HAD been conclusively established." Question : Why is it"HAD" when the cause has still to be established and is in the future ? Why not " HAS been conclusively established" ? Thank you. RickyRead More...

"Everything" and "anything"

Looking at the following sentences, I'm not sure of the difference. (1)I wish Mary success in everything she does. (2) I wish Mary success in anything she does. My guess is that in (1) the things Mary may do are all obvious and I wish her success in all the things she does. In (2) what Mary does is not that clear to me, but whatever she does in the future, I wish her success. Am I anywhere close to the truth? Or isn't there a difference? appleRead More...

as compared to, when compared to

What is the difference between the following? 1. In 1970, nearly 40 percent of the US population attended a movie once a week, as compared to 20 percent in 2000. 2. In 1970, nearly 40 percent of the US population attended a movie once a week, when compared to 20 percent in 2000.Read More...

have a picture taken

Comparing the following sentences (1) and (2), I can see the meaning of (1) very clearly. (1) Let's have a picture taken together. (2) Let's take a picture together. My questions: Can (2) mean the same as (1)? Or can (2) have only one meaning? That excludes the meaning of (1)? Can (2) have two meanings? One is asking to have a picture taken with the speaker and the other is to take a picture of something with their own cameras, in other words, each has a camera of his own and one is inviting...Read More...

Tense

Please look at these sentences; 1. Tom goes away every weekend. 2. Tom went away every weekend. 3. Tom has gone away every weekend. 4. Tom is going away every weekend. I know sentence1 is correct, which shows a repeated action, habituality. How about the others? I think 2 and 3 are possible. But I'm not sure. And is 4 possible by any chance? thanksRead More...

if

Please look at this sentence. It would be a disaster, if the talks were to fail. Can I use 'if the talks fail'or 'if the talks failed' instead ? And any differences in meaning? thanksRead More...

"Why to verb"

Hello, teachers! Could you please tell me if these are correct or incorrect; common or uncommon? 1-1. I told him why to go to bed early. 1-2. I told him the reason to go to bed early. 1-3. I told him why he should go to bed early. 1-4. I told why he should go to bed early. 2-1. I don't know why to go to bed early. 2-2. I don't know the reason to go to bed early. 2-3. I don't know why I should go to bed early. 3-1. I told him to go to bed and why to go to bed. 3-2. I told him to go to bed and...Read More...

"Knowing it was wrong"

Hello, teachers! - He lied to her, knowing it was wrong. Which does this sentence mean, 1, 2, or both? 1. Knowing it was wrong, he lied to her. 2. He lied to her, but/and she knew it was wrong. Thank you very much. Enjoy the warm weather.Read More...

conditional ?

Hello, Can someone please explain what kind of sentence is the following ( i.e. is it a special kind of conditional sentence ?) : "If ever there was a US presidential election that exposes the lazy lie that it does not matter which man wins, it is this one." Thank you. RickyRead More...

tense

Please look at this; Several years ago, when he was 52,Anderson was informed by his superior at an aircraft corporation that he could no longer be a test piolot. He was told that he was being relieved of his duties beccause of his age. In the last sentence, I don't understand the usage of 'was being relieved'. Why is past progressive used? And can it be replaced with other tenses? thanksRead More...

"Seem/look/appear/sound + the Noun complement"

Hello, teachers! I knew that we can't the structure [look/sound + noun] and we can use [look/sound/seem + like + noun] form, but I met the following sentences. - Your room looks a mess. - Do you compose music for a living, or for a hobby? / Right now it's my hobby, but I hope to make a living with it later in life. / Sounds a great plan to me! Here are my questions. Can I use all these sentences? 1. Your room seems/looks/appears a mess. 2. Your room seems/looks like a mess. 3. Your room...Read More...

"Their place" or "their places"

Please look at the sentence below Lecturers need to prepare their notes carefully so that they do not lose their place while they are delivering their speech(es). They use these expressions: 1)their notes, 2)their place and 3)their speech(es). I understand the use of 1)their notes, but I think 2)and3) should be their places and their speeches respectively. Help me! thanksRead More...

"Finding living"

Hello, I can across this sentence: 1) How are you finding living in London? Is this the Present Continuous tense here? " finding living " sounds odd to me..any clarifications to understand it would be highly welcome. Thank youRead More...

"important to helping", or "to help"

I found the following sentence (1) in an English newspaper. (1) It's often hereditary, and spotting dyslexia early is important to helping children succeed in school. What is the grammatical category of "helping"? "helping children succeed in school" is a noun phrase? What difference does it make if "helping" is changed to "to help"? (2) (2) Spotting dyslexia early is important to help children succeed in school. Is there a difference between (1) and (2)? appleRead More...

"The payment " or "payment"

Please tell me which of the following is correct: 1- We demand " the payment of the rent". 2- We demand " payment of the rent". I have come across many count nouns that apparently do not take " a/an/the " articles, even though, it is my understanding that count nouns need to be identified with articles. For example, we see: Please acknowledege receipt of this e-mail. What is the position of " receipt" in the sentence? is it a count noun? if yes, why it does not take an article? Thank you for...Read More...

"Cake" or "a cake"

I saw a sentence, which says; What delicious cheesecake, Amelia! Is it okay to say 'what A delicious cheeccake, Amelia!' And any differences in meaning? Thanks.Read More...

Subjunctive

This question has been sent in by Komine. ________________________ Hello I'd like to ask about the subjunctive. When I tried to solve the exercises, I came across the following sentence which was required to change the word in the parenthesis. What should I do if my request ( be ) refused? 1) What should I do if my request should be refused? 2) What should I do if my request were to be refused? 3) What should I do if my request were refused? Are 1),2) and 3) acceptable? If so, do the...Read More...

"The summer"

Hello, teachers! 1. Come (the) summer, we will be married. - I guess both are correct with or without "the," but using "the" is better. Am I right? 2. When (the) autumn comes, leaves of trees turn red and yellow. - I guess we can't use "the" here even though we often use "the." Am I right? Thank you very much. Enjoy the nature.Read More...

impersonal pronouns;one

Are those sentences possible or not? And what are the reasons? 1. One can't enjoy themselves if they are too tired. 2. One should ask oneself if one is doing everything in one's power in order to solve..... 3. One should take care of their health. thanksRead More...

Punctuation with appositives

Hello, teachers! Could you please tell if these are correct? 1-1. Susan, a kind person, was loved by all. 1-2. Susan, being a kind person, was loved by all. 2-1. She, a kind person, was loved by all. 2-2. She, being a kind person, was loved by all. [I guess 2-1 & 2-2 are incorrect, but someone says both are correct and including "being" is better. Will you be the judge?] 3-1. Treat it in/within two days, or I, myself, will get involved. 3-2. Treat it in/within two days, or I myself will...Read More...

"None too" vs. "not too"

Is there any difference in meaning or usage between "none too" and "not too" as understatement devices? Perhaps "not too" is more American English and "none too" more British English?Read More...
×
×
×
×