All Forum Topics

Past participle vs. "being" + past participle

Hello, teachers! [2] I think that #1 and #2 have the same meaning, but #3 is incorrect. Am I right? 1. I have two books that will be published next week. 2. I have two books being published next week. 3. I have two books published next week. Thank you very much. Best Regards.Read More...

Plural or singular verb with "who"?

Hello, teachers! Which is correct, the plural or singular verb? 1. Who are/is living in the buildings standing over there? 2. Who on earth are/is driving all the cars filling that road? Thank you very much. Best Regards.Read More...

Past participle vs. "being" + past participle

Hello, teachers! [1] The difference in meaning; I think that the simple passive forms mean "When I saw, the behavior is finished, and/or I saw the entire procedure." And the progressive forms mean "When I saw, the behavior is progressing." Am I right? 1-1. I saw the boy carried to the ambulance. 1-2. I saw the boy being carried to the ambulance. 2-1. I saw him beaten by his father. 2-2. I saw him being beaten by his father. Thank you very much. Best Regards.Read More...

Difference in word order in restricted clauses

1. The secular story that The LOTR is, could never be a religious story. 2. The secular story that is The LOTR, could never be a religious story. What is the difference between the restricted clauses italicized above.Read More...

Parallels

It will be sent to us for repair or________ at no cost. a)replace b)replaced c)to replace d)replacing I can't understnd why the correct answer is replaced. Personally, I will use replacement instead. What do you think about this?Read More...

What is the antecedent of "it"?

This question is from Lina _______ Hello Woud you help me get the meaning of the following paragragh, which is in the translation exercise? I'd like to ask what two "it"s refer to ( I capitarized "it" ). Here is the exercise paragraph: My mother accepted things as they were and was determined to make the situation work out well. Her love and devotion for my brother and me made our lack of material possessions seem insignificant. Even today, if I were given the choice between having wealth...Read More...

is made / was made ?

Hello All, 1) This chair is made by Tom. 2) This chair was made by Tom. When does one use "is made" and when does one use "was made" ? Because "made" is past, and both the sentences are in the passive form.From the present point of view the chair is already made so which sentence would one use..so explanation would be highly appreciated as usual ThanksRead More...

"Has" or "have"?

Dear All, I had always thought that it was "It is you who HAVE to ...." until I read "It is you who HAS to ..." the other day. Which is right ? Thank you. RickyRead More...

Parallel structure

Hello, teachers: Could you please tell me which is the correct choice? 1. I will choose to stay home instead of [to go, going] to see the movie. 2. I'd rather stay home than [go, to go, going] to see the movie. Thank you very much. Best Regards.Read More...

"Should": advisability or expectation

I know 'should' has two primary meanings showing advisability or expectation. But sometimes I am confused without the context. Please look at the sentences below. 1.She should do well on the test. She should have done well on the test. 2. The letter should have been sent last week. 3.James should have been told the news a long time ago. 4.The class should be divided in half. Do we know what the 'shoulds' in the sentences mean without additional contexts? thanksRead More...

distancing using the past tense

Hello, Please take a look at the following sentences : 1) "I would suggest that you left London as soon as possible," he said. 2) "I suggest that you leave London as soon as possible," he said. Question : Am I right that both sentences mean the same thing but sentence (1) is more polite because of the past tense 'left' and that the past tense is possible because of 'would' ? Thank you RickyRead More...

What's the word?

Hi, I have been scratching my head but can not get the word for the "snow patterns" formed on windows panes in winter. Are they also called icicles? Thank youRead More...

To ride in the MRT

Dear teachers, I got the question from a test paper and a textbook. (1) Can we say "It's also very comfortable to ride in the quiet, clean, air-conditioned cars"? (2) Which of the following answers is more appropriate? Mary and Cathy rode home (A) took the MRT (B) on the MRT (C) by MRT (D) in the MRT I know (A) is incorrect. But what about (B)、(C)and (D)? Thanks a million for your help! P.S. MRT means "Mass Rapid Transit". It's like London's underground.Read More...

Transitive verbs; easy way to memorize verb + gerund and/or infinitive?

I am curious as to the exact definition of a transitive verb. I had been under the impression that it is a verb which takes a direct object; however, I read something in 501 English Verbs which gives the impression that a transitive verb is one which is followed by an object (direct OR indirect). Also, is there an easy way to memorize the verb lists (verb + gerund and/or infinitve)? Students often ask me this. Thank you!Read More...

Static verb or Action verb

Hello, teachers! 1. This bread [stinks, is stinking]. * Which is correct or common? 2. You are stinking of/like wine! * Which is correct or common. "of" or "like"? 3. He [stands, is standing] to lose the game. * Which is correct or common? 4. They are/stand waiting to see who takes the first step. * Do these have the same meaning? Thank you very much. Enjoy the rain calling spring.Read More...

Contributions for?

As I know, contribution goes with preposition to or toward. But this sentence below came into my sight; It will make important contributions for a positive outcome for young people. Is it okay? thanksRead More...

Second Conditional

Hi, The following sentence is in the 2nd conditional, but the verb "found" sounds incorrect: If I were you I'd found a company. Shouldn't it be:- If I were you I'd start a new company. Isn't "found" in this context always in the past tense ? He founded the company in 1967. The sentence above sounds more like it, but can one write it in the second conditional? Help needed !!! ThanksRead More...

Conditional sentence

Hello, teachers! Could you tell me which tense is correct, please? - If you [met, had met] the requirements, you would/should/must have been selected. Thank you very much. Enjoy the spring frost after rain.Read More...

"Spoons" vs. "spoonfuls"

Hello, teachers! Would you please tell me which is the correct choice? 1. We need three spoonfuls/spoons of flour. 2. We need three teaspoonfuls/teaspoons of flour. 3. We need three tablespoonfuls/tablespoons of flour. Thank you very much. Best regards.Read More...

Present perfect or the past simple ?

Hello, The situation is as such:- I had business dealings with Tom from 1992 until 1999. Then after that no more contact.Should I use the past simple:- I knew Tom. OR I've know Tom. Because though I don't have any business dealings with Tom, I do know of him.I am never sure whether one uses the past simple or the present perfect in situations when one has had contact for some time in the past but at the present time none. But in fact you know of the existence of this person. An explanations...Read More...

"Their way" or "in their way"

I saw this sentence: The party hopes the student vote will swing several marginal seats their way. It says 'their way' not ' in their way'. Doesn't it need the preposition in ? And I don't understand exactly what the sentence means,especially 'swing' and' way'. thanksRead More...

"She" or "her"

Hello, Are the following correct ? 1) She's so rude! Well, that's HER (?) for you. 2) Look! It's/that's HER (?) 3) It was SHE (?) who did it. Thank you. RickyRead More...

"Keep -ing" & "Keep on -ing"

Hello, teachers! Please help me with "keep -ing" & "keep on -ing" [1] Is there any difference in meaning or usage between "keep -ing" & "keep on -ing" [2] Would you please check these sentences and tell me whether it is a present participle or a gerund? 1. He kept on sitting and standing for an hour. [Is "sitting and standing" a present participle phrase or a gerund phrase?] 2. He kept standing there for an hour. [Is "standing" a present participle or a gerund?] 3. She keeps on...Read More...

past or past perfecf

Please look at the conversation; A: When did the fire in the store break out? B: I heard it happened at midnight. Is it okay to say 'I heard it had happened at midnight'? The fire happened before speakerB heard. thanksRead More...

Countability

Hello, teachers! Would you please check these sentences? 1-1. I preferred roasted coffee to ground coffee. 1-2. There are various kinds of coffee/coffees; (a) roasted coffee, (a) ground coffee, (an) instant coffee, (a) decaffeinated coffee, etc. 2-1. I need some Scotch tape. 2-2. [To my friend] Do you have [Scotch tape, any Scotch tape, a roll of Scotch tape, a Scotch tape]? 2-3. [at a/the stationery store] I'd like three [Scotch tapes, rolls of Scotch tape]? 3-1. Every time I chop [onion,...Read More...
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