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have been/are and of/in?

tommy
Hi, Teachers I had read some books and i saw something like this "Tom and Jim are in the room." Later, i have seen this sentence Tom has agreed that Jim's performances "have been of" the highest standard recently. - What's difference between have been and are ? - What's difference between in and of ? please take a look at these sentences. Set A. 1.) Tom has agreed that Jim's performances "have been of" the highest standard recently. 2.) Tom has agreed that Jim's performances "are of" the...Read More...
Let me clarify further my posting. First, Rachel reminds me that she had a posting on January 11, 2005 on this question that also discusses many uses of the preposition "of." Next, I should make it clear that the tense of the verb BE has nothing to do with the use of phrases beginning with OF. OF- phrases are separate entities, and are not connected to the tense of a verb. You can use BE in any tense, depending on what you need to say, but phrases with OF do not change. Here are some Google...Read More...

for/to ?

tommy
ABC Company made an offer of $1,000,000 for/to XYZ Company's Tom. for/to ? very thank youRead More...
Since companies do not "buy" or "sell" their employees, the offer would have been made to that person himself. The correct version is "” ABC Company made an offer of $1,000,000 to XYZ Company's Tom Smith/Jones/Swift (We need a surname here.) MarilynRead More...

natural or not

Hello I'd like to know whether these following sentences, whose subjects are not person, are naturally used or too formal. 1) This road will lead you to the city hall. 2) A twenty-minute walk will take you to the station. 3) The typoon prevented us from going out. 4) Your help enabled me to finish this project sooner. 5) The weather forecast says that it will rain tomorrow. Thank you.Read More...
All of the sentences are natural. The fourth one -- Your help enabled me to finish this project sooner -- could also be expressed differently: I was able to finsih this project sooner because of your help. RachelRead More...

nominate, select, and appoint

Hello, teachers! Would you please tell me which is the correct choice? 1. President Carter nominated him [nothing, to be, as, for] Secretary of State. 2. President Carter selected him [nothing, to be, as, for] Secretary of Defence. 3. President Carter appointed him [nothing, to be, as, for] Secretary of Commerce. Thank you very much. Best Regards.Read More...
The choices are these: 1. President Carter nominated him as Secretary of State. 1. President Carter nominated him to be Secretary of State 1. President Carter nominated him for the post of Secretary of State 2. President Carter selected him as Secretary of Defence. 2. President Carter selected him to be Secretary of Defence. 2. President Carter selected him for the post of Secretary of Defence. 3. President Carter appointed him [nothing] Secretary of Commerce. 3. President Carter appointed...Read More...

waiting/awaiting

tommy
Tom has to postpone his transferring for two weeks waiting/awaiting a decision to grant a work permit. waiting or awaiting? very thank youRead More...
Both versions need some repair work. First, though, if you want to preserve the grammatical construction of the sentence and not create two separate sentences, you have to use the term "pending": This version would be – Tom has to postpone transferring/his transfer for two weeks, pending a decision on granting a work permit "Pending," although it looks like a present participle, is a preposition in this function. "Pending" is a preposition like "following." Neither "waiting for"...Read More...

about "and"

Hi teachers, I was taught to use "and" when I needed to connect a serious of things. I don't understand the following sentences. Why is "and" not used in these sentences? (1)You could hear women lamenting, children crying, men shouting. (2) Some were calling for parents, others for children or spouses.Read More...
In Sentence 1, the omission of "and" creates a stylistic effect. Quirk et al. (Longman, 1985) state: "Asyndetic coordination [coordination without a conjunction] is usually stylistically marked. It is used for dramatic intensification,... to suggest an open-ended list." (p. 918) Sentence 2 is different. When you have a pair of noun phrases in a symmetrical relation, you don't need a coordinator. The pair of noun phrases in Sentence 2 is "some" and "others." Quirk et al. offer this further...Read More...

Exam result or exam results

Hi, I have finished four papers already, and took the fifth paper in Decembre last yeaer. I am waiting for my result. I think it should be results. Is it ok to say result or results? When do you say result and when do you say results and why. I asked someone and they said we say results because there is more than one person taking the exam and so it is results collectively. My response - well is it result if only one person is taking the exam and there is only one paper? Thanks. Siva.Read More...
The most common form, even if one has taken a single exam, is "results." The Collins COBUILD English Language Dictionary says: "5 Your results are the marks, grades, etc. that you get after you have taken an examination." The notation in the margin says "N COUNT; USU PL." We use the plural "results" also when we talk about a medical test. MarilynRead More...

have, make, a causative verb

Please take a look at the two sentences below. (1) What made you think so? (2) What had you think so? Are they both correct? I know (1) is correct and can be rephrased as "Why do you think so?" What about (2)? It sounds a bit awkward to me. But in the following site, there is a sentence (3). (3)I don't think I've yet read a book that had me think so much on life before. http://216.239.57.104/search?q=cache:JQUL8nFBVewJ:www.brandewyne.com/titles/...Read More...
In answer to M.T.'s question: Yes, the subject of "have" + object + bare infinitive has to be a person. In Understanding and Using English Grammar (Longman, 2002), B. Azar says: "Causative have is followed by the simple form of a verb, not an infinitive.... Have gives the idea that "X" requests "Y"to do something. In ['I had the plumber repair the leak'] The plumber repaired the leak because I asked him to." (p. 339) (I would qualify this with the observation that the "requester" needs some...Read More...

'Either' with 'or'

This question has been sent in by Ricky. "It's always my mum or my brother who annoys me." "It's always either my mum or my brother who annoys me."Read More...
Both versions are OK, but the version with "either" creates a stronger distinction between the two people. "Either...or..." also differentiates more strongly between these two people and anyone else who might be, but is not, involved in the annoying. It's like saying "” It's always my mum or my brother [and no one else] who annoys me MarilynRead More...

Magistrate(-s / 's / s') Court?

This question comes in from Esme : I would like to know whether you think there should be an apostrophe after the word Magistrates in the description of Magistrates Court i.e. should this be Magistrates' Court or Magistrates Court?Read More...
Here is the entry from the Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Law*: magistrate court n. A court presided over by a magistrate that has minor civil and criminal jurisdiction called also magistrate's court _______ I would go with the definition from this dictionary. However, here is an interesting thing: "magistrate," "magistrates," "magistrate's" and "magistrates', appear frequently on Google. There are 145,000 examples on Google of "magistrate court," like these: -Webster's Dictionary of Law...Read More...

Help with adjectives and adverb constructions

Hi, I would be grateful to know if the following sentences and phrases are ok. 1. Arguably the town's swankiest restaurant i.e. is swankiest used correctly here. 2. The shop has a service counter out front. Is out front or in front best? Thanks for your help. Siva.Read More...
THANKS.Read More...

Commas and a hyphen

These questions have been sent in by Siva 1. A grilled skewered fowl -- i.e. no comma needed after grilled? 2. Is there are colon or a comma after gratifying: For I-Ming it is gratifying: "A place that serves up really good sushi and sashimi is not easy to find; I think it boils down to the technique and the way raw seafood is cut as well." 3. (quite over zealously at time). Is over zealously two words, one word or a hyphenated word in this situation?Read More...
Dear Rachel, Many thanks for this help - however I am still really confused when to use a comma and when to use a colon before quoted material. Are there any general principles to decide when to use a comma and when to use a colon. Are there times when it is wrong to use a colon and a comma should be used. There are some style books that say whenever one full sentence is quoted then a colon must be used. There are others that say that if there are two or more sentences then a colon must be...Read More...

Difficult sentences

These sentences have been sent in by Siva . Hi, I would be grateful to know if the following sentences and phrases are ok. 1. When leaving, Yoshida cermoniously bids us farewell with hearty Japanese gestures and bows at the door, and we do muse if he notices the show of rounder bellies that we now feel we have." We do muse if - can you say this - like this? 2 . Is this quote ok "Although it is surprising that no matter how much we don't always have the same craving for a particular type of...Read More...
Dear Rachel, Many thanks for this very detailed answer. SivaRead More...

Which tense ?

Dear All, When do we use: A. "Let me know how you get on. " and "Let me know how you got on." Many thanks. RickyRead More...
"Let me know" indicates that you are referring to a future time. In a dependent clause referring to the future, use the present tense form: "Let me know how you get on" or "Let me know how you're getting on": A: I'll be leaving this job, you know. Next Friday. B: Where are you going? A: I'll be working for Judge Black. B: Oh? He's quite difficult to work with. Let me know how you get on with him. I know him from my club, and maybe I could put in a good word for you. _______ It would be...Read More...

'a bank' or 'the bank'

Hello I'd like to check which article to use, "a bank" or "the bank." Would you take a look at the following sentences? #1 My sister works for a bank. #2 My sister will have worked in a bank for ten years by next year. #3 My sister will have worked in the bank for ten years by next year. Question 1 If I don't think of a specific bank, is #1 OK? If the persons who are talking this topic know the bank, should I say "My sister woks for the bank"? Question 2 How about #2 and #3? Which is better?Read More...
In the first sentence, use "a bank" if it's the first time mentioning the bank. This refers to any bank. After that, when both the speaker and the listener know which bank is being referred to, use "the bank." In your sentence # 2, you would say "a bank" only when you are describing your sister to someone who doesn't know you're her. You would speak sentence # 3 to someone who knows your sister and where she works: _______ A: Do you have any sisters or brothers? B: Yes, I have one sister. A:...Read More...

Where'sthe error? (#2)

This question was sent in by Mick, who wants to know where the error is in the sentence. Separation of today's five major continents occurred somewhat more recently than 180 million years .Read More...
The incorrect part is "180 million years." What's needed is an expression of a point in past time. "180 million years" is not a point in past time, it's an amount of time. The sentence should be "” Separation of today's five major continents occurred somewhat more recently than 180 million years ago . MarilynRead More...

Where'sthe error? (#1)

This question has been sent in by Mick, who wants to know what the problem is in the sentence. 1. Only within the last several decades new laboratory techniques have unlocked the mystery of the specific design of protein.Read More...
Because the sentence begins with "only," the grammatical subject and the verb must be inverted. Along with negative adverbs such as "never, seldom, hardly ever, rarely," etc., "only" requires inversion when it begins a clause. The sentence should read: "” Only within the last several years have new laboratory techniques unlocked the mystery of the specific design of protein. MarilynRead More...

idiomatic expressions? 'In over one's head' and 'see (right) through someone'

I'm such a loser; I was in over my head and they saw right through me. I think I know what the above sentence wants to say, but are "be in over one's head" and "see right through someone" idioms? AppleRead More...
Yes, they are both idioms. "In over one's head" means that someone has become involved to a greater extent than anticipated, and that s/he can't handle the situation; it's too much for her/him. "See right through someone" is another way of saying "see through someone" or "see through something." It means that you can see someone's true intentions, even though that someone is trying to hide them. Here are entries from The American Heritage Dictionary of Idioms*: in deep 1. Seriously involved;...Read More...

regarding/concerning/with relation to

tommy
Hi Rachel, How do you do Tom is seeking immediate assurances [1.regarding/2.concerning/3.with relation to] his future. which one is exactly fit with the sentence? please let me know what difference. very thank you.Read More...
You could use: 1) regarding, as well as in regard to, as regards, with respect to. 2) concerning. These prepositions fit in well with your sentence. 3) "relative to, " or "with regard to "or "in relation to" would also be correct, but not "with relation to." _____ Entries from the American Heritage Dictionary regarding / concerning / with regard to your question: "¢ re"¢gard"¢ing prep. In reference to; with respect to; concerning. See Usage Note at regard. USAGE NOTE Regard is traditionally...Read More...

should use of ?

tommy
Tom is likely to accept offers of around $1,000,000 for the player. what's difference between of and without of please help very thank youRead More...
The only correct form is "offers OF around $1,000,000." OF here means "consisting of," and can't be omitted. You could say, without any modifier, "$1,000,000 offers," but not "*around $1,000,000 offers." MarilynRead More...

Which meaning is correct?

Hello Would you help me to understand this sentence? #1 Scolded by her father, Mary got angry and went out of the room. Which meaning is appropriate? #2 Because Mary was scolded by her father she got angry and went out of the room. #3 When Mary was scolded by her father she got angry and went out of the room. Does #1 have another meaning? Or can #1 be read in many ways in some contexts? Thank you.Read More...
Something is wrong with the example sentence. It shows a space of time between the "scolding" and Mary's getting angry. The sentence works better like this: a) Scolded by her father, Mary was angry and went out of the room. or b) Having been scolded by her father, Mary was angry and went out of the room. Both a) and b) indicate that Mary was angry, but not as n immediate reaction to the scolding. If you use "got," it means that she began to get angry at some time after the scolding. To show...Read More...

good

Hello Would you take a look at the following sentence? #1 My husband is a good cook. I think #1 means that my husband is good at cooking. So if you want to describe the pro cook, how do you say? And how about describing the pro player? #2 Nobu is a good swimmer. In this sentence, is Nobu always not a pro swimmer? Would you give me proper expressions? Thank you.Read More...
"My husband is a good cook" does, indeed, mean that your husband is good at cooking. It could also mean – if your husband is a chef and the stress is on "good" instead of "cook" – that he is a good professional cook / chef. To make those distinctions, you could say: "¢ My husband cooks very well. (In this case he is definitely not a professional) "¢ My husband (or Emeril, or Wolfgang, or Julia, etc.) is a great chef. (In this case, he/she is definitely a professional) _______ About Nobu the...Read More...

'Bring' and 'take'

This question has been sent in by Lina. I'd like to rewrite the sentence. Would you help me with this? #1 If you take this bus, you can get to the museum. Which verb is appropriate, bring or take? #2 This bus will take you to the museum. #3 This bus will bring you to the museum. Thank you. L Kom --Read More...
You should say This bus will take you to the museum. Bring indicates motion toward , whereas take implies motion away from the speaker or agent. Webster's Dictionary of Synonyms cites the following examples: A mother asks a boy setting out for school to take a note to the teacher and to bring home a reply. A farmer takes his cattle to the market and brings back a supply of sugar, flour, and fresh meat. Merriam-Webster's concise Dictionary of English Usage also suggests an interesting point...Read More...

it is popular to.......?

(1)It is impossible to open this safe without a key. (2)It's dangerous for you to go there alone. The two sentences above (1) and (2) are natural and correct, but how about sentence (3) below? It sounds a bit odd to me. Is it because of the nature of the adjective used? Or is sentence (3) natural enough to average English native speakers? (3)It is popular for young people today to go to a rock concert. AppleRead More...
"It's popular to (verb)" is fine. So is "It's not popular to (verb.") Here's a sampling of Google entries: "” Monday, September 15, 2003. In certain embarrassing circles, it's popular to be a fan of Apple Computer. They're the underdog in ... www.thespoonbender.com/2003/ 09/in-certain-embarrassing-circles-its.html - 15k - Cached -Similar pages "” said. "And we should respect and support them not just when it's popular to be patriotic, but after their time in the service, too. ...Read More...
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