All Forum Topics

unless in 2nd and 3rd conditionals

Hello. Are the following two sentences correct or not? If not correct, what's wrong with them? - Tarek would not have caught that bus unless he had run very fast. - Unless you had rung me, I wouldn't have come to see you. Thank you.Read More...
After all, I'm afraid I can't decide which one of the following is correct and which one is not and why. Please help. Thank you 1- I wouldn't have the first prize unless I trained hard. 2- Unless you had studied hard, you wouldn't have got high marks. 3- Gamila wouldn't have bought the new car unless she had saved money. 4- I wouldn't have been able to do it unless she had helped me. 5- Unless you had told me about Rasha's new dress, I wouldn't have noticed it. 6- Unless my sister had been...Read More...
Last Reply By Ahmed Imam Attia · First Unread Post

Using of Past Perfect in a story

The story is, as usual, in Past Indefinite. The events happened before the time of the main action should be in Past Perfect. But I was told that PP should not be overused in a single sentence: "He had remembered that from his childhood", but "He had learned that in his childhood and remembered all his life." But in this example we have only one subject with several predicates. What to do if we have more? E.g. " She remembered a girl from her class who, when they had been/ were(?) nine years...Read More...
In a dictionary of course It was not marked as archaic there. What well-known analog would you recommend? Is it just "nothing wrong" or "the only right"? E.g. the last sentence of the same paragraph: " The suicide attempt hadn’t worked out for her either — she had gotten off with a broken leg, and only then the whole bad story [had become, became, or both possible?] known to the adults." "Read More...
Last Reply By George Yury · First Unread Post

preposition choice

Windward
Please, help me, how should I put this: ' The wind moans in draughts'? or through draughts? I need to convey a gloomy picture of loneliness using this line with the wind blowing through some draughts/gaps, narrow lanes, archways. I've never met a good example with this draught-word.Read More...
Hi, Windward—Would it be possible to speak instead of moaning drafts ?Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

How should I say when I write my address?

1. Should I say 13th cluster / cluster 13 or 13 cluster? 2. Should I say 3rd lane / lane 3 or 3 lane? 3. Should I say 3rd alley / alley 3 or 3 alley? 4. Should I say 1st/3rd alley or alley 1/3? (1/3 = alley 1 / lane 3) 5. Should I say 3rd street or street 3? 6. Should I say 2nd Hamlet/ Hamlet 2 or 2 Hamlet? 7. Should I say 1st Ward / Ward 1 or 1 Ward? 8. Should I say 3rd District / District 3 or 3rd District ? Thanks!Read More...
Hi, Kimconu—You should use the address-writing customs in your area.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

ellipsis

The number of people at the meeting is larger than last week. Some of my colleagues think it should be "last week's". However, I believe this is ellipsis: "The number of people at the meeting is larger than [it was] last week." Ellipsis occurs when the missing elements are recoverable from the context, even if, as here, adaptation is necessary. What do you think? (Source: A mock exam held in Iran)Read More...
I like Gustavo's recommendations above. It seems that the book is aiming to give learners practice in using "that" as a pronoun. For what it's worth, I'd naturally express the idea like this: There are more people at the meeting than there were last week.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Future forms

1_I have won a million pounds. I..........a new car. (buy_am buying_am going to buy_will buy). 2_They.......their grandmother any more. She is dead. (do not visit_are not going to visit_ will not visit_are not visiting)Read More...
Hi, Wael, The expected model answer is 'will buy' to express a quick decision after winning the million pounds. However, in real life, if that was my intention before winning the million pounds, then 'am going to' is also correct. There is more than one correct choice here and they are all possible. 'Don't visit' expresses a present reality. 'Will not visit' expresses a perdition and a future reality. 'Aren't going to' expresses a prediction based on evidence.Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

*A friend of me

Hello everyone. This is __ 1. a photo of mine 2. a photo of me 3. a friend of mine 4. a friend of me(x) 5. a friend of Tom 6. a friend of Tom's I know that only 4 is incorrect. But isn't it the counterpart of 2 or 6? What makes it wrong? Considering there is a difference in meaning between 1 and 2, is there any between 5 and 6?Read More...
Thanks, David. I got it.Read More...
Last Reply By Robby zhu · First Unread Post

Is it possible to change the normal order of words in a song?

From "you cannot tame them" to "you cannot them tame " or "them cannot you tame"? (I think "them you cannot tame" is correct, like "to the battle we go". but that is not what I need.)Read More...
I know. I'm asking if this is the necessary and sufficient condition.Read More...
Last Reply By George Yury · First Unread Post

Remember&Forget

I didn't.................................................. to bring my book with me this time, so which page do we open? (remember_forget_stop_regret)Read More...
Hi, Wael, The logical answer here is 'forget' . I didn't forget to bring...= I remembered to bring... BTW, 'remember' could work here in a certain situation. That's if I am sitting beside you and holding your book. Then, I would explain that ''I didn't remember to bring my.... '' I also see that using the present perfect and 'shall we' is more natural than the past simple and 'do we' in your sentence above.Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

for it to cook

Which are correct: 1 ) The place for this casserole is on the stove to cook. 2) The right place for this casserole is on the stove to cook. 3 ) The place for this casserole is on the stove for it to cook. 4) The right place for this casserole is on the stove for it to cook. Gratefully, NaviRead More...
Hi! I would go with “The place for this casserole to cook is on the stove,” which is slightly rearranged. As the reader, I can assume the place you’re telling me to put the casserole is right. Hope this helped!Read More...
Last Reply By Emmarose · First Unread Post

Which sentence makes sense?

Which sentence makes sense? Quarantine got me back to using my treadmill again.. Or Quarantine got me back into using my treadmill again..Read More...
Both are fine. Macmillan Dictionary Online in definition nunmber (5) says: Get back to/into means to start doing something again after not doing it for a period of time. https://www.macmillandictionar...ary/british/get-backRead More...
Last Reply By Hussein Hassan · First Unread Post

Articles

Hussein Hassan
Hi, all, Would you please tell me why we say 'Chinese food' , but ' the Chinese language'. Cambridge Dictionary Online crossed out the following examples: Do you speak Chinese language? I love the Japanese food. Thank you.Read More...
Thank you, all for your comments. I also would like to welcome you, @Kinto as this is the first time I have had a discussion with you here.Read More...
Last Reply By Hussein Hassan · First Unread Post

Reported speech

Mona told me that she........ the room after she had had her breakfast. (cleaned_had cleaned_is going to clean_was going to clean). Myself, there are two correct options.Read More...
Hi, Gustavo, Yes, you are right that 'had cleaned' is a third possible answer here. In fact, I normally don't backshift in time clauses because this sometimes causes confusion. Above all, we don't backshift in time clauses in our exams. This is part of "A Practical English Grammar" Fourth Edition page 271:Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

might live / might have lived

Hello everyone! People (might live/might have lived) on the moon by the end of the 21st century. Who knows?! What is the better choice? I think "might live" is the only correct answer since it's an ongoing action. Thanks!Read More...
Hi, Muh1994, You are right that "might live" is the only correct answer, as it expresses probability about an action expected to take place at a future time.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

Reported speech

She told me....... quiet because the baby was sleeping. (to be_to have been_that I was_that I am). I think the maker of the question needs the perfect infintive. What about the bare simple one?Read More...
Hi, Kinto, I agree that the simple infinitive is the correct form. This is only to clarify that we use the term "bare infinitive" to refer to the infinitive without "to," as in: - He made me be quiet. "that I was" would also be a possible answer in a special context. Suppose a child asks his/her mom: - Why am I quiet? and the answer is: - You are quiet because the baby is sleeping. The child may then report the answer as follows: - She told me that I was quiet because the baby was sleeping.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

Different and Difference

What is the difference between different-and-difference? any advice... I found only this article https://differencebtwn.com/what-is-the-difference-between-different-and-differenceRead More...
"Different" is an adjective. e.g. You sound different today. "Difference" is a noun. May I quote your question: e.g. What's the difference between "different" and "difference"?Read More...
Last Reply By Kinto · First Unread Post

Reported speech

Hani told me a moment ago that he....... football then. (is watching_was watching_had watched_watched) . I think the maker of the question needs IS WATCHING, but what about THEN.Read More...
"was watching" is the answer. "then" means "at that moment", which is a past time indicator and goes consistently with the past tense verb form "told" and "a moment ago", another past time indicator.Read More...
Last Reply By Kinto · First Unread Post

Preposition choice?

Windward
Please, help me with this sentence: "There in draughts the wind is going to moan overhead until morning." Is this sentence correct? (Meaning that the wind passes through draught-gaps between buildings such as narrow lanes, archways and so on, producing moaning or howling sound.)Read More...
Hello. This is a literal translation of a line in a poem that's why it may sound weird. There is nothing before it, it is the beginning of the verse. It describes gloomy weather, depression, a vagabond goes along a dark narrow street and the wind is going to wail above his head in draughts. But it is literal translation, that's why I want to know whether it conveys the mood in a grammatically correct way.Read More...
Last Reply By Windward · First Unread Post

Reported Speech - Backshiftng or not?

I've seen a lot of exceptions for the reported speech and I would like to debate and thereby clear the things that are on my mind regarding this subject. I've seen these types of "Rules" of Backshifting (I.g - Move one tense back to the past; eg. - Present Simple -> Past simple) The problem to me is: how am I going to know when backshifting is okay?Read More...
Hi Harry After past reporting verbs, we usually change the original tenses even if the things said are still true. ‘ I’m British. ’ ⇒ I told the police I was British . (The speaker is still British.) ‘ How old are you? ’ ⇒ Didn’t you hear me? I asked how old you were . However, a reporter can also choose to keep the speaker’s present/future tense if the situation has not changed – that is to say, if the original speaker’s present and future are still the reporter’s present and future. This...Read More...
Last Reply By Kinto · First Unread Post

Relative pronoun

It's by sorting and recycling our garbage ......... we can save the planet. that / by which / how / whichRead More...
I too would go with "that," and "that" is the only answer that works. The other three choices are ungrammatical. " It's by sorting and recycling our garbage that we can save the planet " is a cleft sentence deriving from " We can save the planet by sorting and recycling our garbage ."Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

She or he

Windward
Hello. I am puzzled with this phenomena I have met lately in written English: is it a rule or courtesy to refer to any character's unknown gender as to "she" no matter how improbable she is. (I know we assume that Death is he, Sun is she, boat is she ). But here for example: I read a sentence in a science book "A green monkey can yell to its comrades, ‘Careful! A lion!’ But a modern human can tell her friends that this morning, near the bend in the river, she saw a lion tracking a herd of...Read More...
There is actually a rather simple and strict grammatical rule which directs gender personification in English: everything good comes from female and everything bad - from male source. Is it not enough for political correctness, chivalry and such? Indeed, this matter is well beyond a grammar book. There is one unpleasantness in this situation: we all perfectly know that women had had zero decisive power in the world until XX century. If we now start refer to historical figures in general as...Read More...
Last Reply By Windward · First Unread Post
×
×
×
×