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just since September

Which are correct and make sense: 1) They can't have been working on this project since September. They must have started working on it much earlier. 2) They haven't been working on this project since September. They must have started working on it much earlier. 3) They haven't worked on this project since September. They must have started working on it much earlier. Could one say ' only since September'? Or 'just since September'? Is it necessary to do so? Gratefully, NaviRead More...

Responsibility demands by men

Hello! I was watching The X-files and came across the following dialog: - You've never seen one (an alien) before, have you? It’s shocking at first. The acceptance of the idea... it’s something only children and fools believed in. But then you come to understand. - Understand what? - The responsibility that this knowledge demands by the men who have it. As I see it, the responsibility is demanded by the knowledge. Then, shouldn't it be, "The responsibility that this knowledge demands from...Read More...
I'll keep it in mind. Thank you for your help!Read More...
Last Reply By Alexey86 · First Unread Post

Need help with quotes over a long sentence

Hello everyone look at this conversation and tell me if this is the correct way to quote this conversation. If not what am i doing wrong? Thank You. ," Hello Tom are you here for the usual massage?” ,"No Marissa left me I’ve been down in the dumps ever since and really stressed out. I have migraines and pain in the neck"., " I can help you alleviate that with a Shiatsu massage. I had no idea you were single. Why don't you come back when my shift is over at ten we can have a few drinks at the...Read More...
Hello, Jacques, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange. Your quotation has a number of issues. Can you correct some of these problems? run-on sentences misuse of commas misuse of quotation marks absence of paragraph breaks where paragraph breaks are needed Do you have a particular grammatical question you would like to discuss or have answered? The Grammar Exchange is not a copy-editing service.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

The antecedent

Hello. Sentence: Pastry is a food made from flour, fat, and water that is mixed together, rolled flat, and baked in the oven. It is used, for example, for making pies. Source: https://www.collinsdictionary....onary/english/pastry Is the antecedent of this relative clause, "that is mixed together...", "pastry"?Read More...
Got it, thanks.Read More...
Last Reply By Robby zhu · First Unread Post

the girl on the right's fiancé

She is the girl on the right's fiancé.Read More...
I agree with Gustavo's answer. It might help to vary the terms of the example: It is the girl on the right's dog. That sentence means that the dog is the dog belonging to the girl on the right. It is [the girl on the right]'s dog. We're seeing a phrasal possessive. The apostrophe + "s" (possessive morpheme) attaches to the entire noun phrase "the girl on the right," headed by "girl." P.S. to Abo Hamza: I changed the thread title, originally "Is this sentence correct?"Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Using "the"

Hi everyone, I'm confused about when to use "the". Could you please explain why we should write "due to the many benefits" instead of "due to the plenty of benefits" Thank you!Read More...
Hello, Tip, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange. "many" can be preceded by "the," but "plenty of" can't. - Due to the many benefits ... - Due to the numerous benefits ... but NOT: - Due to the plenty of benefits ...Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

Which article to place in front of a currency?

We normally put “the” in front of a currency, like “the yen is getting stronger”. But, we say “A strong yen would not harm the Japanese economy”. When to use “the” vs “a” when referring to a currency?Read More...
Thank you. I was confused as there was only one Japanese currency, the yen. I did not understand why we could use “a” in some instances.Read More...
Last Reply By PJ · First Unread Post

The perfect continuous tenses

Dear Rachel & Richard Would you please expalin to me - with examples if possible - why it is not possible to use the perfect continuous tenses in the passive ? Thank you very much for your kind help. With my sincerest wishes for a happy new year. SayedRead More...
Sayed might also want to consult Quirk et al. "A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language", which I think can be considered as a reference for the description of the English language. Chapter 3, section 3.64 "Voice defined" mentions the active form "has been kissing" and its passive equivalent "has been being kissed". The fact that such complex forms aren't frequent doesn't mean they're not part of the language.Read More...
Last Reply By Marie · First Unread Post

apostrophe s

What does apostrophe s mean? 1 The actor’s fall from grace was due to his foul mouth and poor timekeeping. 2 The finance minister's fall from grace gave his enemies great satisfaction .Read More...
Indeed it is, or at least a character from the sequel to Alice in Wonderland, titled Through the Looking-Glass . Native-speaking children tend to learn the nursery rhyme on its own around the time we learn to talk. That's why it took a special intellectual effort for me to realize that someone might not understand that "fall" can be a noun as well as a verb. Humpty Dumpty's origin is fascinating (see here ).Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

choose the correct answer :

Could you answer this question, please?Read More...
Hi, Abo Hamza, I agree with Ahmed_btm's answer. However, I have three comments to make: two about the thread you have started here and one about your question. The title "choose the correct answer :" is not an appropriate title for a discussion thread at the Grammar Exchange. A thread's title should relate to its content. The body of your opening post, "Could you answer this question, please?," is not appropriate either. Ask your question in the opening post, not in an attachment. The...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Empowers or empower

Hi everyone :) Please help! Which one is correct? 1. Effortless website navigation combined with shorter hold times empowers your users and increases engagement across all your digital platforms. OR 2. Effortless website navigation combined with shorter hold times empower your users and increase engagement across all your digital platforms. Thanks!Read More...
Hello, Zizi, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange. I agree with Ahmed_btm's answer: the singular verb is needed in each case. Grammatically, "combined with" does not function like "and." Of course, if you replaced "combined with" with "and," you would need plural verbs: 3. Effortless website navigation and shorter hold times empower your users and increase engagement across all your digital platforms. As Ahmed pointed out, however, the combined with phrase modifies "website navigation," as...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

thinking about John

1) I couldn't sleep thinking about John. 2) I couldn't sleep, thinking about John. 3) Thinking about John, I couldn't sleep. 4) I was unable to sleep thinking about John. 5) I was unable to sleep, thinking about John. 6) Thinking about John, I was unable to sleep. Do '1' and '4' mean: I couldn't sleep while I was thinking about John? Maybe I stopped thinking about him and managed to go to sleep. Do '2', '3', '5' and '5' mean: I couldn't sleep because I was thinking about John? Gratefully, NaviRead More...

adjectival modifier vs adjective.

Is there a difference between an adjectival modifier and an adjective? The distinction was mentioned in the answer to another person's question earlier on this forum regarding decades being used as adjective. I looked it up on google but couldn't find an answer. I'm confused because I thought an adjective was, by its very nature, a modifier. Thank youRead More...
Thank you for the clear answer.Read More...
Last Reply By Mrchuffie · First Unread Post

It all comes of trying to be kind to Heffalumps.

This is a sentence from “Winnie-the-Pooh” by Miln. He and Piglet planned to lure the Heffalump into the Cunning Trap by putting honey into it. After returning home Winnie found there was no honey left, got upset and lamented, “Bother!” “It all comes of trying to be kind to Heffalumps.” Is "come of" an old-fashioned construction, or it's still in use? I could find only "come from".Read More...
Thank you for such a detailed answer!Read More...
Last Reply By Alexey86 · First Unread Post

"Deceptive" or "deceiving" ?

Hello, Which is correct please ? 1) Appearances can be deceptive. 2) Appearances can be deceiving. Many thanks. RickyRead More...
This controversy first came up on this site about 17 years ago and I must commend the efforts some scholars have put up to help us understand these words and their uses. My opinion: Participles, generally, are words formed from verbs or verbs themselves, which are used as adjectives or nouns (gerunds). Example: *Amuse (verb) *Amusing joke (adj) *Amused tourists (adj) *Amusing people is my hobby (noun) *I like amusing people (ambg) *I like amusing myself (verb) Deceptive vs. Deceiving Any...Read More...
Last Reply By Bellwether · First Unread Post

rel. pronoun

The puffin is the only know animal whose brain only fills half of its skull. or The puffin is the only know animal whose brain only fills half of whose skull. Between the two, which one is correct? Do I have to change 'its' ?Read More...
Thanks always..Read More...
Last Reply By sly · First Unread Post

Using a decade as an adjective

Hi! I'm struggling to find out whether it's possible to to use a decade as an adjective. For example, '1920s New York' or '1980s Russia'. Thanks!Read More...
Hello, Onethrusix, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange. Phrases like "1920s New York" and "1980s Russia" are grammatically acceptable. In such phrases, the decade functions as an adjectival modifier, not an adjective. "1920s New York" = "the New York of the 1920s" or "New York in the 1920s." Examples also abound with "music"; e.g., "eighties music" = music of the 1980s.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

so influenced

1) It is not surprising that such ideas are so perpetuated in those circles. 2) It is not surprising that such ideas are perpetuated so much in those circles. Are both correct? Do they mean the same? ------------------------------ -- 3) I was so influenced by him. 4) I was influenced so much by him. Are both correct? Do they mean the same? Gratefully, NaviRead More...

wish

Hi, is there a difference between the following two sentences? 1- " I wish I knew where my keys .........now." a- are b- were 2- " I wish I lived in New York but I ........ " a- don't b- didn'tRead More...
You can use "was" there, Robby zhu, but not "were." "Were" would be ungrammatical: (1a) I wish I knew where my key was now. (1b) * I wish I knew where my key were now . The past subjunctive is used in the clause complementing "wish," NOT in the clause contained by the clause complementing "wish." (P.S. I agree with the answers that Ahmed_btm has given to Ahmed.A.A.'s questions above.)Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post
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