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Legal writing - we note in this context or we have decided in consideration of the following

Hello, In legal writing, supposedly, you want to write as to why your decision is not in favour of the appellant. So, which of the following is better/appropriate and what are the differences. e.g. We note in this context: a. b. c. or we have decided in consideration of the following: a. b. c.Read More...
Tony, David means you need to analyze how lawyers and accountants write and try to imitate their style.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

"In" or "for" with "a long time"?

witch one is correct ? we haven't seen him in a long time. we haven't seen him for a long time. So I had this discussion with my professor about which one of them is correct, and he said "for" is the correct usage and "in" is wrong. but I'm 90% sure that they are both correct in this context. So I need a clear answer with detailed explanation about this question and please provide me with references so I can prove him wrong. Thanks.Read More...
Hello, Rashad, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange. I agree with Ahmed and the early G.E. post to which he has given a link. Both of your sentences are correct. I myself prefer the sentence with "in." As I see it, the difference is that the sentence with "in" says that no instances of seeing him have occurred in that time, whereas the sentence with "for" says that the period of your not seeing him has had a long duration. On page 539 of A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language (Quirk...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

"In" vs "of"

Which one is correct in the following sentences : In or of ? 1a- John is the tallest boy in the class. 1b- John is the tallest boy of the class. 2a- Christiano Ronaldo is the best soccer player in the world. 2b- Christiano Ronaldo is the best soccer player of the world. 3a- Lionel messi is the best player of Barcelona. 3b- Lionel messi is the best player in Barcelona. 4a- Sir Donald Bradman is the most renowned player in Cricket. 4b- Sir Donald Bradman is the most renowned player of Cricket.Read More...
Re: "In" vs "of"Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

comma after spoken dialogue

Is this sentence correct or do you put a period after the dialogue and capitalize the word one because he is not actually saying it out loud? "I wish I was more like my brother," one of the men in the group thought.Read More...
The sentence is correct as written, Whisperdrone. If you separated the quotation and the clause of attribution into two sentences, the clause of attribution would have a different meaning. The quotation would no longer be the complement of the verb "thought." "Thought" would be intransitive, and "One of the men in the group thought" would mean that one of the men engaged periodically in the activity of thinking. You could also simply say: One of the men in the group wished he were more like...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Prepositional phrase and relative clause modifying the same subject

"I created a handout for clients that explains our policy." Can someone please explain how to punctuate the above sentence? "For clients" is a prepositional phrase, and "that explains our policy" is a relative clause. Both modify "handout", so where does the comma go.Read More...
That makes sense. Thank you.Read More...
Last Reply By Jacob B. · First Unread Post

The amount or The number?

Greetings. I have a question here. Which sentence below is the correct one? - The amount of CO2 emissions was 2 tonnes. - The number of CO2 emissions was 2 tonnes. I have looked the word "emission" up in the dictionary. It's a countable noun, but it seems ambiguous to me to say "one,two or three emissions" if it is a countable noun.Read More...
Thank you so much, I appreciate thatRead More...
Last Reply By Moon Le · First Unread Post

grammar for dialogue

I'm writing a novel and I am confused on where to separate paragraphs with dialogue. Tell me which of the following sentences is correct: Bobby sat down on the bed and hung his head. He heard a noise out the window and opened it and saw his best friend playing basketball. "Hey, Joe," Bobby called out. "I thought you were at work." "Not today," Joe said. "I get Thursdays off now." OR: Bobby sat down on the bed and hung his head. He heard a noise out the window and opened it and saw his best...Read More...
Hello, WHISPERDRONE, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange. Both ways are acceptable.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

“I hope I can” vs “I wish I could”

I hope I can go to the beach I wish I could go to the beach Am I right to assume that both of these sentences are grammatically correct? And that their difference only lies in the meaning you want to convey? For example, I will use "I hope I can" when I'm trying to say that there is a future possibility that I can go, there is a strong possibility it can happen (just not now). But for "I wish I could", I will use that when I know that there's no chance I could go, or there's no chance it...Read More...
Hello, Leeen A., and welcome to the Grammar Exchange. The first sentence is grammatical in the right type of context. For example: I don't know what I would do if I couldn't go sailing while there. I hope I could (at least) go to the beach.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

more than structure

Hello, everyone I have questions about these sentences. The death of her grandmother did more than carry away the woman Alexandra loved best. https://books.google.co.kr/boo...best.%22&f=false Throughout the twentieth century , bridal magazines have done more than just tell young women what to buy https://books.google.co.kr/boo...0than%22&f=false It seems that "carry away the woman Alexandra loved best" is a bare infinitive clause. Unlike other normal comparative clauses, it doesn't...Read More...
Hello, WinD and Gustavo—This is a very interesting topic. I think it is probably in the Top 10 of the most challenging questions ever asked on the Grammar Exchange. I do not have a definitive answer to offer here but only my perspective. For me, the correctness judgements should be just the reverse. The sentence with "furnishing" is correct, and the sentence with "raise" is incorrect. As Gustavo goes on to say, Fowler finds "furnishing" unidiomatic but defensible, and "raise" idiomatic but...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Please help me understand the grammatical structure of this sentence.

Hello, I need help in understanding the grammatical structure of this sentence. Could anyone break it down? Thank you very much!! "Scattered among the leaves crawl creatures called Zeepers that are half insect, half animal".Read More...
Hello, mark888, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange. Where have you taken this sentence from? Restrictive "that" should be replaced with non-restrictive "which" (preceded by a comma), and, being nouns, "insects" and "animals" should be in the plural (by the way, insects are animals). This is a case of full inversion, with "scattered among the leaves" being a subject complement in front position and with the verb "crawl" preceding the subject "creatures ..."Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

If vs. Whether

Hi! How would you answer the quiz question below? It was taken from the website page: https://www.engvid.com/grammar-if-whether/ 2. Please let the front desk know _____ you need extra towels. a. if b. whether c. both are correct The reason I'm asking is that the online corrector gave an answer which I'm not sure I agree with. The website's answer is " c. both are correct ". I'm OK with "if". The problem is with "whether". If I say the sentence out loud with "whether", it sounds OK (not that...Read More...
I hadn't thought of a specific context in which "whether" could fit in. Great context! Thanks, @Gustavo, Contributor and @David, Moderator !Read More...
Last Reply By shantower · First Unread Post

Subject inversion with "would"

I know that when you're asking a question in English, the subject and the verb are inverted. But I just wanna make sure if it's correct to say something like: "Which of these foods you wouldn't eat for breakfast?" In comparison to something like "Which of these foods would you not eat for breakfast?"Read More...
No, CROSSCHAOS, that is incorrect. You can say: - Which of these foods wouldn't you eat for breakfast? or, as you proposed: - Which of these foods would you not eat for breakfast?Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

Past Simple or present perfect continuous.

ceedhanna
Hi. I found this sentence " 6. My uncle ____________________ the same pullover the whole winter. I guess he ____________ it. (WEAR, LOVE) " in this website ( www.english-practice.at ). The answer was " My uncle has been wearing the same pullover the whole winter. I guess he loves it." I am asking is it possible to answer it like this: "My uncle wore the same pullover the whole winter. I guess he loved it." Greetings.Read More...
Yes, Ceedhanna, that would be a possible answer too.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

There would be

I came across this sentence . " There would be a shop here " is it correct .Read More...
Hi, Ilko, Could you tell please us in what context you found this sentence? One possible context I can think of is an architect showing the layout of a future urban development and explaining where the different buildings would be located.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

Question about the correct form

Hello! Please help me to understand which sentence is correct. Could you please explain what does this statement mean? And Could you please explain what this statement mean? Thanks in advance!Read More...
Hello, AnnaS, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange. Both sentences are wrong. The embedded question should be in the affirmative form. - Direct question: What does this statement mean ? - Indirect question: Could you please explain what this statement mean s ? Alternatively, you can say: - Could you please explain the meaning of this statement?Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

Where or when

Why do we use " where" after " stage" in this sentence I'm at that stage of my life where I keep my self out of arguments. By the way: Can we use ( when) Another question: In some sentences l find the word ( situation) sometimes followed by ( when) or ( where).? Would you made it clear for me when we use when or where after situation.Read More...
Thanks for your reply. I know (myself) is written in this way but these mistakes are made during writing. I noticed I wrote ( Would you made) instead of ( make). Here is an attachment about the word(situation).Read More...
Last Reply By Ahmed towab · First Unread Post

not everyone

a. Not everyone who is here can go anywhere. Can (a) have two different meanings? 1. Some people can go anywhere, but not all. 2. Some people can't go anywhere. Many thanks.Read More...
Thank you so much David! Would you please check this one out as well? b. Not everyone who works for me knows anyone in your office. Does that one have only one meaning as well, or is it ambiguous? Many thanks. PS. Or maybe it is just plain wrong?Read More...
Last Reply By azz · First Unread Post

In the or just the article "the"

e.g. Based on your explanation, the balance of your unitholding in XYZ trust is 1000 units. However, in the /the XYZ trust register shows the following: Should I use in the or just the in the above sentence? Thanks!Read More...
Hi, Tony, The verb show is transitive there, so you need to say "the register shows XXX." To use in , you should use a verb in the passive voice or the verb appear : - However, in the XYZ trust register there appears the following: - However, the following appears in the XYZ trust register: - However, the following is shown / is reflected / is recorded in the XYZ trust register:Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

isn't/doesn't/won't

1 The computer won't work. Does that mean that it refuses to work regularly or on one occasion only? Or I can say it either way. My computer won't work every other week. or My computer won't work now. 2 The computer is not working. Does that mean that it's not ON or that's it's on the blink? Or can it mean either? 3 The computer doesn't work. Can that mean 1 on a regular basis?Read More...
Either of those sentences is fine in that context.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

I have always thought

1 I have always thought he was an actor. Does that mean that I still think that he IS an actor or WAS an actor? I heard natives say that it means that if he is still alive it may mean both "is and was". But isn't it confusing and wrong? 2 I always thought that he was an actor. Does that mean that I used to think that he was an actor in the past? 3 I have always thought he is an actor. I think it's wrong but why is it wrong? 4 I have always thought him to be an actor. Can I say that if I...Read More...

Further and furthermore

In the context below, whether the above two used can be used interchangeably? e.g. We note that the beginning balance of the 2008 General ledger does not tie in with the closing balance of the 2007 General ledger. Further/furthermore, they were not recorded as a loan.Read More...

It is + adjective + that clause

Hello, I wonder if it is possible to say: It is important for the school that the headteacher changes the school's policy. Should I use 'to' instead of 'for'? Thank you!Read More...
Hello, Reo—Both "to" and "for" are possible there. What concerns me about your sentence is the use of the simple present in the "that"-clause. As written, with "changes" in the "that"-clause, the sentence indicates that the headmaster has an ongoing habit of changing the school's policy. If the intended meaning is that the school wants to the headmaster to change the policy, you should use the present subjunctive ("change") and "to": It is important to the school that he change the school's ...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post
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