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"has won" vs "won"

Hi there, should I use "Has won" or "won" in the following context? Here's the text: John: Subha, did you know our school team has won/won today's soccer match? Me: No! I didn't know that. With the reference of today , should I use "simple past" or "present perfect" tense?Read More...
Hi, Subhajit, Both "has won" and "won" are perfectly correct in that sentence. "Today" is what is called a homogenous time adverbial: it can be used in reference not only to the entire time period but to any part of it. Therefore "today" can be used with any of the so-called absolute tenses: the past tense, the present perfect tense, the present tense, and the future tense. Our team won the soccer match today . Our team has won the soccer match today . Our team is in peak form today . Our...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

happy to win

1) He was happy to be seeing them the next week. 2) He was happy to be seeing them. Is '1' correct? Could '2' mean that he was happy because he was going to see them? 3) She was happy to win the game. Does this mean 'she was happy to win the game right after it'? Could one say it if one is talking about her two days after the game is over or does one have to say e) She was happy to have won the game. Gratefully, NaviRead More...

Won't

Hello, I ( won't / am not going to) go to school today. It's the weekend. Thanks in advance.Read More...
Yes, Tony, that's true. "I'm not going to school today" works in that context. I would use "I don't have school today" instead, but your sentence does work. Menem's sentence doesn't work in that context. The "be going to" option is not "I am not going to school to day," but "I am not going to go to school today." The context in which that works is a context in which one is refusing to go to school. Both "won't go to school" and "am not going to go to school" are OK: My mother wants me to go...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Correct structure of "...as....as" sentences

Which is the correct structure when I use......as....as in a sentence? No poet is as renowned as William Wordsworth is. No other poet is as renowned as William Wordsworth is. My grammar books says and many websites also say that 2 is grammatically correct though I have seen both are used in daily conversations by both native and non native speakers. Can anyone please explain If 1 is grammatical and if I can use both?Read More...
By the way I would like to ask if the following sentence is all right: No other poets are as renowned as William Wordsworth (is). Many thanksRead More...
Last Reply By tonyck 2 · First Unread Post

Tenses

Hi David Appreciate your prompt response. I am with you on this one no matter what other forums say. I would have never answered the question the way I put in my post. It would have been far too brutal and harsh unless intended to shock the interlocutor. The question was simply meant to elicit a reply regarding the choice of tenses. My view is that students struggle with many areas of English grammar (the articles and tenses in particular) because there are very few textbooks that do not...Read More...
Last Reply By Katze · First Unread Post

Wouldn't

Hello, I ( wouldn't / didn't) leave the office until I had checked that all the doors were locked. Thanks in advance.Read More...
Dear Abdullah and Ceedhanna, I can't thank you enough for your kind words. They mean the world to me. I am glad you can appreciate that even a native-speaking grammar expert will occasionally miss the mark in his judgment of particular sentences. My knowledge of English grammar has grown a lot while I have been contributing on this forum, first as a normal member, then as a Contributor, subsequently as a Co-Moderator, and finally as Moderator. And it continues to grow. A good friend of mine...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Suitable preposition

Hi there, can anyone please tell me which prepositions are correct in the following sentences? The teachers in this school have always been with me. They have helped me to make/take major decisions regarding/about/of the school. My mother is my inspiration. She encouraged me to take/make major decisions about/regarding/of/in my life.Read More...

In two years' time

Hi, In two years' time, I ( will study / will be studying / will have studied / am going to study / am studying ) English at university. Thanks in advance.Read More...
Menem, I am in complete agreement with David's reply, except for the fact that he appears to have overlooked your fifth option, "am studying". This is the only one of the choices you offer that does not work grammatically in the context of your sentence. I'm guessing that this is a workbook or test question, so that you are not allowed to change any part of the rest of the sentence. If this is not the case, I suggest changing "In two years' time" to "Two years from now". I don't think it...Read More...
Last Reply By Doc V · First Unread Post

So & such

Do we use "so" or "such" in a sentence like this :"There were (so - such) many people at the restaurant that they had to wait in a queue ."Read More...
Gustavo, Certainly, (c) works. What I was thinking of in (a) and (b), was a sudden, brief noise that was so loud as to be startling or actually frightening, such as that of an explosion, whereas (c), to me, implies sustained loud background noise, which we've all experienced. When I used to go to bars, I went to socialize (unless I was actually there to see a concert). But some of the bartenders liked to blast the music so loud, it was impossible to have a conversation. Your point about...Read More...
Last Reply By Doc V · First Unread Post

Present perfect & present simple

This sentence is taken from a book in Egypt that provides exercise based on grammar. "since his mother (is - has been) ill, he will clean the flat for her.Read More...
Emad, Only "is" works here. We can see "since" as meaning "because". However, I would find this more natural: Since his mother has been ill, he has been cleaning the flat for her. Here, "since" means "from the time that". But that doesn't seem to be an option in your textbook. Thanks for letting us know that this was from a textbook. It must be very large and heavy if it provides exercise. DocVRead More...
Last Reply By Doc V · First Unread Post

three times

1) I tried to send him an email three times. 2) I tried three times to send him an email. 3) On three occasions, I tried to send him an email. Do these mean that I tried to send him the same email three times? Might it have been different emails? Gratefully, NaviRead More...
Navi, In all three of your examples (all of which, as near as I can tell, mean exactly the same thing), I find both interpretations possible. Either you tried to send him three different e-mails, or you tried three times to send him one specific e-mail. As always with you, there is a lot more ambiguity lurking in the shadows. For example, do you mean to say 1a: I tried to send him an email three times. And I was successful each time! Praise God! Each e-mail received a prompt, polite, and...Read More...
Last Reply By Doc V · First Unread Post

Until is or until is not

Which sentence is correct: 1) You can always redo the process until the system is activated. 2)You can always redo the process until the system is not activated. Meaning that before the system activation, the process can be repeated as many times as needed. Thank youRead More...
Louis, You want (1) here. (2) doesn't really make sense, but it seems to be trying to say that, while the system is activated, you can redo the process as needed until the same system is de-activated, or shut down. This appears to be the opposite of your intended meaning, as you state it. May I ask where your questions come from? Thanks. DocVRead More...
Last Reply By Doc V · First Unread Post

Once is or has been?

Hi All, Which of the below two sentences is correct? Many thanks 1)Once the item is inserted, it can no longer be removed 2)Once the item has been inserted, it can no longer be removedRead More...
Louis, Welcome to the Grammar Exchange. I somewhat prefer "has been", but "is" works also. It's the same type of construct as: Once you're gone, you can't come back. --Neil Young, "Hey Hey, My My (Into the Black)" What doesn't work in either example is "no longer". This implies that the item could be removed before it was inserted. Instead, go with: Once the item (is/has been) inserted, it can't be removed. Also, neither one is really a sentence without a period at the end. DocVRead More...
Last Reply By Doc V · First Unread Post

Search function

Can we conduct key word searches? I remember that we could do so in the previous version, but it seems that the search function is now gone. Also, where is the log out key located?Read More...
Thank for your replies, David. Those were blocked by a pop-up bar. I can see them now.Read More...
Last Reply By terry · First Unread Post

the theater come to life

"it will be like the theater come to life." from a Korean English textbook What is come doing here? Is it a past participle or verb? Is it similar to 'dream come ture'? Thanks!Read More...
Hi, Kis, It's hard to talk about this use of English in isolation. You've said that it comes from a Korean textbook, but you have not provided the context in which the sentence appears; nor have you punctuated it as a sentence. We can't even tell if this is in fact an isolated sentence. Did you forget to capitalize the "i" in "it," or are you quoting a fragment of a larger sentence? In the absence of context, and without knowing whether "it will be like the theater come to life" is a...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

"The other + noun" vs "All the other + noun"

What's the difference between "the other + noun" vs "all the other + noun" in the following sentence? John is smarter than the other students in the class. John is smarter than all the other students in the class. Paris is more beautiful than all the other cities in the world. Paris is more beautiful than the other cities in the world. To me they mean the same because in the above the other students implies all the other students and the other countries implies " all the other countries ".Read More...
Hi, Subhajit, Yes, "the other student / countries" means the same thing as "all the other students / countries." That is, both pick out the same set of beings / entities. That doesn't mean it's bad or dumb to use "all." It may be technically redundant here, but it adds emphasis and clarifies that all the others are in fact meant.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

so loved

1) Tom was the man Jane so loved. 2) Tom was the man Jane loved so. Those would normally mean "loved so much", but couldn't they also mean "loved in that way"? Would these work: 3) Jane loved a lot of men, but her love was never sexual except in one case. Tom was the only man Jane loved so/so loved. 4) Jane loved a lot of men, but she never loved anyone in the real sense of the word. Tom was the only man Jane loved so/so loved. Gratefully, NaviRead More...
Hello, Navi, Yes, I think both interpretations are possible. "So loved [someone/something]" reminds me of the King James translation of John 3:16: " For God so loved the word, that he gave his only begotten son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life ." There I believe "so loved" must be interpreted as "so much." He didn't love the world in such a way that he gave his only begotten son. Rather, he loved the world so much that he gave his only begotten...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Simple or perfect present

I was supposed to answer this question but the answer wasn't obvious to me. *- After she .............. the story, she will give it to me. 1- has read 2- had read 3- read 4- reads I know I'm supposed to choose a present tense. The problem is, there are two present verbs. Should I choose 1 or 4? Thanks.Read More...
Thanks.Read More...
Last Reply By Yama · First Unread Post

Used to & Would

ceedhanna
- I ........... to the club three days a week when I was young. a- used to go b- would go c- went The Provided answer in the book I quote from is (went). But, I ask about the other two choices. What do you think?Read More...
Definitely, DocV. The "when"-adverbial isn't needed. It's bonus information, or information that anticipates what might be a natural follow-up question in conversation. One's interlocutor or reader may naturally wish to know the period of time during which the past habit obtained -- for example: A: I used to go to the club three days a week. B: When? A: When I was young. / During college. / Before you knew me. / A long time ago.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

"A" Vs "The" Vs "It" Vs "One" Vs "Any"

In the following example, should I use a, any, the, it, or one ? Yesterday my friend told me someone had parked a truck in our playground but when I reached there I did not see a truck/it/any trucks/the truck/one.Read More...
Subha, The best answer is "one". "It" also works. "A truck" and "the truck" are acceptable, but the repetition of "truck" makes them inelegant in most circumstances. My least favorite is "any truck".Read More...
Last Reply By Doc V · First Unread Post
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