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Worthwhile

Do we say" worthwhile career "or "rewarding career "?Read More...
Hello, Emad and Ahmed: I agree with you, Ahmed, that both "worthwhile career" and "rewarding career" are correct. To me, they have slightly different connotations. "A worthwhile career" suggests to me that the career is of inherent value --- not just to oneself but to others -- whereas "a rewarding career" need only be beneficial to oneself, in terms of salary, time off, and perks. To make "a worthwhile career" equivalent in meaning to "a rewarding career," I would speak of the career being,...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

future perfect in 1st conditional

Hi, can we use the future perfect in first conditionals? for example; If you read this novel, you will have read all of his works. Thank you.Read More...
Hi, Ahmed, Generally speaking, yes, you can. I remember reading the following example: - If the bus leaves at 6, it will have reached Alex by now. Randolph Quirk on 'Comprehensive Grammar' refers to an interesting point: "When the period in the matrix clause refers to a future situation, a modal perfective (generally will have) is used in the matrix clause: If the promotion is confirmed, you will have been promoted three times since you joined the company. As for your example above, you know...Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

reward vs award

a reward vs an award I've got a problem using these two. Can someone help me using them?Read More...
Hi, Rasha and Gustavo, I know that these two words are frequently used in our exams and I see that 'Longman dictionary of common errors' is greatly helpful in differentiating between these two words. It says: a) Award = (1) a prize, certificate, or medal that is given for doing something very well: 'The award for this year's best actor went to Harry Cohen.' (2) a sum of money that someone wins in a court of law: 'Each survivor of the disaster received an award of $20,000.' b) reward = (1)...Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

modals of deduction

Hi. Can we use "would" as an alternative to "might" in present and past deduction Ex: The person you met would have been my cousin. I am not sure. Thank youRead More...
Hi, Ahmed, "would" is not typically used to express deduction or probability. The only case that comes to mind in which it can express deduction occurs when it is the backshifted or reported version of "will," for example: Someone was knocking on the door. It's 8 PM. T hat will be my wife , John thought. Considering the time, John thought the person at the door would be his wife. Here you can find the modal verbs used to express deduction in the present, and here are the ones that can be...Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

Please find an attached file or please find attached file

Which is correct Please find an attached file. Please find attached file.Read More...
Hello, UF, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange! In business English, there is usually subject/predicate inversion in this case because the subject (the file being described) is longer than the predicate and tends to be placed at the end: - Please find attached the file I told you about. - Please find attached a file containing the specifications of the product. Alternatively, this other structure can be used (both structures are rather formulaic and are generally used as shown): - Attached...Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

meaning of first conditional with present perfect

What does the following sentence mean? - If you have washed the dishes, you can go out with your friends. 1) the person (may) have started doing it 2) the person (may) still be busy with it 3) the person (may) already have finished it 4) Any of the above optionsRead More...
Yes, Freeguy, that's right: (4) is not grammatically correct, but (1), (2), and (3) are.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

sense your personality, the personality you have, or the type of personality you have

(1) John can sense your personality. (2) John can sense the personality you have. (3) John can sense the type of personality you have. Do these sentences make sense? Thanks for your help.Read More...
Hi, Ansonman, Those sentences are a bit unclear. I think you might be trying to say one of these: John has a sense of your personality. John understands your personality. John recognizes the type of personality you have.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

up to the time (at which) I ...

I have made up a sentence below. (ex) All the evidence collected about the murder up to the time (at which) I reported to the inspector was lost. Is "at which" optional? Please help me. Thank you very much for your help.Read More...
Hi, Ansonman, I'm not sure what you mean by reporting to the inspector . Do you mean that the speaker is working for the inspector or that he is reporting the murder to the inspector? If the latter, you need "it" ("reported it to the inspector"). Yes, "at which" is optional. You could also use "when," "that," or nothing.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

have not been sick or was not sick

Suppose that I am very sick right now. This is what I am going to say to my friend. (1a) I have not been sick for a long time. I have a very bad cold. (1b) I was not sick for a long time. I have a very bad cold. Which sentence is correct? Thank you for your help.Read More...
Hi, Ansonman, Items (1a) and (1b) each have two sentences. Your question should be, "Which sentence pair is correct?" The sentence pair in (1a) works, and the sentence pair in (1b) does not. What is relevant here is the period of time up until now ; so we use the present perfect.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

type zero - conditional sentence

“Solnal” is one of Korea’s holidays. Solnal is the Korean New Year. Families travel to visit relatives. An important part of the holiday is the “Sebae”. It means showing respect for old family members. People eat rice cakes and noodles and play old games. People don’t sleep and are awake till midnight to say goodbye to the past year. And they think if you sleep, your hair changes white. Most children know this is not true, but they like to stay awake. Is the bold part conditional type zero?Read More...
Hi, Freeguy, Yes, that is a Type 0 conditional. The sentence was probably written by a nonnative speaker. The verb "changes" is incorrectly used. It should be "turns." Also, think that the sentence would sound far more natural with a Type 1 conditional: "And they think that if you (fall) (a)sleep , you hair will turn white." That said, the Type 0 conditional could be justified. In context, the conditional means: "If one falls asleep before midnight on Solnal , one's hair turns white." Still,...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

all (the) passengers

Here is a sentence from one of the Youtube news sites. How All Passengers Survived the Miracle on the Hudson. I’m wondering if “the” should be between All and Passengers. Or is it acceptable to omit “the” because it’s a news headline. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mwkdmMTCCPg AppleRead More...
Thank you, David, for elaborating on this subject. I now understand it much better. AppleRead More...
Last Reply By apple · First Unread Post

depressing, depressive

Hi. Can we say a depressive film or a depressing film? Is one of the following choices correct? That was the most ..................... film I have ever seen. (depression / depress / depressed / depressive) Thank youRead More...
Hello, Ahmed Imam Attia, No, none of those choices works. The word that is needed is "depressing": That was the most depressing film I have ever seen. A depressing film is one that causes the viewer to feel depressed.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

a grammar test

One of the first steps in learning about other cultures is ………. that there are many different cultures other than our own culture. 1) accepting simply 2) to simply accept 3) to accept simply Are all of them correct here? (Source: Iran's English coursebook)Read More...
Hi, Freeguy, None of those answers is incorrect, but (1) and (3) are awkward with their placement of "simply" between "accept" and its complement "that"-clause. The most natural, idiomatic choice is (2). Surely your educational system isn't under the false impression that infinitives in English shouldn't be split. "To simply accept" is what was traditionally referred to as a split infinitive. There is nothing wrong with them, though they are sometimes stylistically awkward. In this case, the...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

"provided that" in the third conditional

Can we use provided that with third condotional if or notRead More...
Hello, ABO, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange! Another member asked that question just a few days ago. Please see this thread: https://thegrammarexchange.inf...-that-and-as-long-as In the future, when you start threads here, try to give the thread a descriptive title related to the grammatical topic of the question. I have changed the title of this thread from "just a question" to "'provided that 'in the third conditional."Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Tarek said he......... hala yesterday

a, met b, had metRead More...
Hi, ABO. Khadija, and welcome to the GE. Please, notice that you wrote the two choices without mentioning the question. In fact, you put your question as a title of the thread 'Tarek said he .... Hala yesterday'. You should insert your question in the box before giving its choices and then choose a short suitable title. The answer to your question is that both choices are perfectly grammatically correct. However, when the time expression isn't changed in our books or exams , you will find...Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

Cost

My brother asked how much I thought the trip .......... . ( cost - would cost ) Thanks in advanceRead More...
Hi, Egyptian2017, Both answers are correct, but they have different meanings. With "cost," the sentence means: "My brother asked, 'How much do you think the trip cost ?'" Here, "cost" is the past tense of the verb "cost" (yes, the form doesn't change). With "would cost," the sentence means: "My brother asked, 'How much do you think the trip will cost ?'" Here, "would cost" is the backshifted version of "will cost." Everything hinges on whether the trip preceded your brother's question.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

let alone

let aloneRead More...
Well, they sound better to me than (1), but I perceive some unbalance: we are excluding only some of his paintings but all of others, and "let alone" works more finely when there is, so to say, grammatical symmetry: our research/their research, time and effort/money, the kids/the dogs. What do you think, David and DocV?Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

Provided that and as long as

Hello, is it OK if we use "provided that" and "as long as" in the third conditional? The following sentence is in a school book: "She would have been fine provided that she had worn sun cream." "My Grammar Lab" book says that "provided that, on condition that, as long as and only if aren't used in the third conditional."Read More...
Thank you a lotRead More...
Last Reply By Ahmed Abdelhafeez · First Unread Post

The use of can and could

Linda Abraham
Hi, I want to know if it is possible to use 'could' to talk about present/future ability. I was reading a book called Bestial: The Savage Trail of a True Amerian Monster and I came across this line "I don't think anybody could say as to that particular man just what the influence of that accident or that concussion was", and as far as I know, could (when we are talking about ability) is only used for past ability.Read More...
Thank you, Gustavo, I really appreciate the detail.Read More...
Last Reply By Linda Abraham · First Unread Post

People who write materials

Which of the following options will be suitable for this statement: Course.........writers are to reflect local colour. A. materials' B. materials C. material D. materials' It's a question set in a university entrance exam. You can recommend further readings .Read More...
Wow! Thank you so much! I'm very grateful.Read More...
Last Reply By Yale Wale · First Unread Post

was playing / has played / etc.

choose Someone next door..............heavy metal music all night long. I didn’t get a wink of sleep. a) was playing b) has played c) had been playing d) has been playingRead More...
You are very welcome, Tara. I was afraid that I had personally offended you. If I ever do offend you, please tell me. You have my e-mail address (or at least you used to). Or, if you're not comfortable contacting me personally about such a thing, I'm sure you know how to contact David. I greatly appreciate your presence on the Grammar Exchange, and I'm not the only one. We would be very sorry to lose you. DocVRead More...
Last Reply By Doc V · First Unread Post

quality time

Parents should spend some …..of time with their children every day. (a) equality (b) quantity (c) quality (d) qualification I was thinking of quality time but the 'of' made me pause and ask for your help. I think that we are limited to three posts a day. I hope I'm right and get the help I need It's from a mock exam in Egypt.Read More...
Doc V Thanks for your kind reply. I really appreciate the help I get from each and every admin or member here on this forum.Read More...
Last Reply By Rasha Assem · First Unread Post
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