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quality time

Parents should spend some …..of time with their children every day. (a) equality (b) quantity (c) quality (d) qualification I was thinking of quality time but the 'of' made me pause and ask for your help. I think that we are limited to three posts a day. I hope I'm right and get the help I need It's from a mock exam in Egypt.Read More...
Doc V Thanks for your kind reply. I really appreciate the help I get from each and every admin or member here on this forum.Read More...
Last Reply By Rasha Assem · First Unread Post

each vs both

what’s the difference between each and both?Read More...
Mr Bakr, The primary difference is that "both" can only refer to a quantity of two. 1a: I have two bicycles, and both of them need major repairs. 1b: I have five bicycles, and each of them needs major repairs. Note that, in these examples, "both" requires a plural verb but "each" requires a singular. This is because, in this context, "each" means "every one of". We also use "each" to refer to severally counted items as opposed to mass quantities: 2a: These onions cost a dollar a pound . 2b:...Read More...
Last Reply By Doc V · First Unread Post

when

Hi Can you please explain the difference? 1. I hope the WiFi works when I'm writing my bachelor‘s thesis. 2. I hope the WiFi is working when I'm writing my bachelor‘s thesis. 3. I hope the WiFi works when write my bachelor‘s thesis. (From EO)Read More...
Thank you sooo much ! ! ! ! !Read More...
Last Reply By Former Member · First Unread Post

enough vs too

There are times when you can't work ……..to live comfortably. (a) enough hard (b) hard enough (c) hardly enough (d) too hard This is sentence is one of the mock exams in Egypt. I have chosen (b). However, I can't get why (d) is wrong, if it is actually wrong. I really appreciate your help.Read More...
Hi, Rasha, Here is the sentence with answer (b): (b) There are times when you can't work hard enough to live comfortably. That sentence means that there are times when you can't afford to live comfortably no matter how hard you work. Well, let's add sentential negation to "I am too short to reach the shelf": (X) I am not too short to reach the shelf. That sentence means you are short but you can nevertheless reach the shelf.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Soaking wet

1- I got soaked. 2- I got soaking wet. Are these two the same? I've searched most of the online dictionaries but couldn't get a satisfactory answer. I wonder if anyone here could help. THANKS IN ADANVCE.Read More...
Hello, Rasha, Those two sentences can be used interchangeably, but it is possible for (1) to be used with a different meaning from (2). Read as equivalent in meaning, each sentence uses "got" as a resultative copula (linking verb) followed by an adjective phrase: "soaked" or "soaking wet." Read as not equivalent in meaning, each sentence uses "got" in a different way. In (1), it is a passive auxiliary verb, and in (2) it is a resulative copula. On the passive reading of (1), "soaked" is not...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

be going to vs will

A: John is a better player than Martin, isn't he? B: Oh, yes. _______ the match tomorrow, I expect. 1) He will win 2) He is going to win Which one is preferable here? (Me: #1 is better than #2.) Source: Destination, B1Read More...
Gustavo has elaborated on the point beautifully. Thank you, Gustavo! I really like the quotations you gave from the book by Michael Vince, too.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Go on vs go to

I go on the business trip. Why the above sentence use "on " as the preposition but not "to"?Read More...
Hello, Benhui, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange! In your question, you need "do"-support. In English, we say, " Why does the above sentence use 'on'? ", not " Why the above sentence use 'on'? " "I go on the business trip" is a very strange sentence by itself. Normally it would be part of a larger sentence -- e.g.: "If I go on the business trip, I won't be home." We go on trips ; we don't go to trips . We do take trips to different places , but we go on trips to those places.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

have handmade enough scones to stretch across the Isle of Wight

Hi! I have a question about the word "handmade" in this sentence: I was wondering how the "handmade" woks in the sentence. I can think of three possibilities: (1) It is an adjective pre-modifying the noun "scones." (2) It is a past participle following the auxiliary "have." In that case, it implies there is a verb "handmake." (3) It is an adjective that is supposed to follow the noun "scones" but it is placed there for some (stylistic) purpose, just like "He had A ready" and "He had ready A,...Read More...
Hi David, Thank you so much! Interesting to see how a word is derived from another and its orthography can change over time.Read More...
Last Reply By yasukotta · First Unread Post

subject and verb agreement.

Hello~ I wonder if the subject and verb agreement rule can be applied in both (a) and (b) to represent the abstract thing, making any distinction of count and non count nouns. a) The next thing on the list is cheese. b) The next thing on the list is egg. Thank you.Read More...
I agree with you, Gustavo, that we generally use "egg" as a count noun, and that "eggs" (plural) is probably a better choice for Jiho in (b). As a vegetarian who doesn't eat eggs, or who tries his best not to, I am accustomed to using "egg," occasionally, as a noncount noun. Thus, if I am placing an order for food at a restaurant I have never eaten at before, I will often ask whether a particular dish is made with eggs (count noun), but occasionally I will ask, instead, whether it contains...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

perfect tenses

a. I have been seeing that guy at our office for at least five years. b. I have seen that guy at our office for at least five years. Is there any difference between the meanings of (a) and (b)? Which could be used if I won't see that guy again? Which could be used if I will keep on seeing him at our office? Could either be used if that guy passed away a couple of days ago? Wouldn't one have to use the past perfect and past perfect progressive in that case? Many thanks.Read More...

BBC Grammar

Surely this BBC story has incorrect grammar in its sub-headline: "A mother drowned her three-year-old daughter in a bath a month after separating from her husband, whom she believed was having an affair, a court has heard". Am I right in saying it should be "who" not "whom"? I think it would be whom if it said "whom she suspected of having an affair"Read More...
Thank you DavidRead More...
Last Reply By silverchalk · First Unread Post

clear up / clean up

Which is correct? 1 I'm going to clear up / clean up / tidy up the kitchen. 2 You have to tidy up / clear up / clean up your clothes. 3 Let me clean up / clear up the broken glass. THANKS.Read More...
And in abstract metaphorical usage, the following transitive case is common: (5) He needed to clear up the misunderstanding. Often such sentences are abbreviated like this: (6) He needed to clear things up.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

"Which" in Reported Speech

Hi all "Which is my seat?" asked Hana A. Hana asked which (one) was her seat. B. Hana asked which seat was hers. C. Hana asked which her seat was. Actually I'm completely convinced that sentences A & B are correct, but what about sentence C ? It really surprised me when I found out that Michael Swan, in his "PEU", had accepted it. I can, semantically, absorb such a form with other question words such as "where"____ (Hana asked where her seat was.) But I think the case with "which" is...Read More...
Thank you very much, Gustavo. My due appreciation and respect.Read More...
Last Reply By Abdullah Mahrouse · First Unread Post

Write

ahmad
Hello, everyone, The embedded picture in this post is from A Guide to Patterns and Usage in English by A. S. HORNBY Would it be wrong to write the objected to sentence as follows? 1. Mr. Brown was written a long letter to by the secretary. Thanks.Read More...
No, Ahmad, it is not even remotely grammatical. It is 100% grammatically incorrect.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

There

ahmad
Hello, everyone, I think something is terribly wrong with the following sentences, but I can't explain the same to myself. Would someone kindly help me with that? 1. ABC is a scenic place. You should visit to there. 2. ABC is a scenic place. You should visit there. Thanks.Read More...
Hi, Ahmad, In that position, "there" is an adverb of place. "visit" is a transitive verb and, as such, requires a noun or a pronoun as a direct object. Therefore, you should say: 3. ... You should visit it.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

ASK FOR more / much / many / most

Which is correct? John has already put in his best effort. I really cannot ask for more / much / many / most. ThanksRead More...
Hi, bear_bear, In the absence of further context, the best answer is "more." All you could ask for is for John to put in his best effort, and that is what he did. You really cannot ask for more.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Which sentence is grammatically correct about personality?

I have made up a few similar sentences below. (1) John can sense your personality easily. (2) John can sense the personality you have easily. (3) John can sense the type of personality you have easily. All of my non-native English speaking friends think none of my sentences are correct. What is your opinion? Thanks for your help.Read More...
Hi, Ansonman, I see nothing wrong with (1), which I think is preferable because "easily" will unmistakably refer to "sense" rather than to "have" (even though one cannot have a personality easily, since "have" is a stative verb to which "easily" will not apply).Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

exists in one copy or only one copy exists

I have made up two similar sentences below. (1) Only one copy of the stamp exists in the world. (2) The stamp exists in only one copy in the world. I am not sure which one is grammatical. Please help me. Thanks a lo.tRead More...
Hi, Ansonman, Only (1) is correct. However, one would normally say: (3) There is only one copy of the stamp in the world. For the phrase "in X number of copies/versions, etc." to be possible, there needs to be some adjective or participle after the verb "be": (4) The book is only available in hardcover edition. (5) The agreement will be signed in three copies/counterparts.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

and or

Hello, Do the following two sentences both mean that Kent can speak neither English nor French? Or is one of them incorrect? 1. Kent cannot speak English and French. 2. Kent cannot speak English or French. Does sentence 2 mean that Kent can speak either one, English or French? AppleRead More...
Ah,,,thank you, David. I got it. AppleRead More...
Last Reply By apple · First Unread Post

extremely precise device

Are all of these sentences correct and correctly punctuated: 1) This is a device that is extremely precise for people in the medical field. 2) This is an extremely precise device for people in the medical field. 3) This is a device that is extremely precise, for people in the medical field. 4) This is an extremely precise device, for people in the medical field. =========================================== 5) This is a device that is extremely expensive for people in the medical field. 6)...Read More...
Thank you very much, Gustavo, I have been thinking about this some more. I don't think '5' is really ambiguous. If something is expensive for me, that means it will be difficult for me to afford it. But maybe one might argue that there is a different meaning in which 'for' would simply mean 'according to'. Not sure. One could argue that if it is hard for me to afford something, I'd consider that thing expensive. I thought '6' could mean: a) This is an extremely expensive device and it has...Read More...
Last Reply By navi · First Unread Post

have asked for a long time

My non-native English speaking friend made up a sentence and asked me if it was correct. I have written it down below. (1) People have asked me for a long time how to make ice cream at home. It sounds OK to me. Does it make sense to say "ask for a long time"? Thanks for your help.Read More...
Hi, Ansonman, To express the duration indicated by "for a long time," I think the present perfect continuous would sound much better: (2) People have been asking me for a long time how to make ice cream at home. Instead of "for a long time," some other adverbs could be used, like "repeatedly" or "once and over again," which I believe are in fact more appropriate, since they express recurrence rather than continuity.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post
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