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choose/will choose

Which color do you like? 1. I will choose blue. 2. I choose blue. 3. I would like to choose blue. I wonder if the above three answers make any difference in terms of formality?Read More...
Thanks a lot, RichardRead More...

By the time

Dear Richard & Rachel Would you please tell me whether the following sentence is correct or not? Also, please tell me why? - By the time Hesham had finished work, it was very late. ** You know that " By the time " must be followed by past simple , but here it's followed by past perfect. So, I think it's wrong and should be as follows: - By the time Hesham finished work , it had been very late. ** We can also say: - By the time Hesham finished work , it was very late. *** please let me...Read More...
Dear Rachel , Many thanks for your kind reply.Now I'm waiting for your kind reply to the other question about the diffference between " By the time " and "before " on the following link : http://thegrammarexchange.info...=429101982#429101982 Thank you very much. SayedRead More...

404 error?

Dear R & R, See the attachment. What do you think of what is written on 404 error? Is 404 is a plausible abbreviation for "file not found"?Read More...
Their explanation is very clear, Izzy. Please reread it.Read More...

Sentence

Dear Richard & Rachel I received the following question from someone esle. The following sentence was said in a play. - and,her attendants absent,swallowed fire ** Is this sentence grammatically correct? She askes if we should use " were "? ** As for me , I think that sentence should be as follows : - and her absent attendants swallowed fire. ( because " absent " is an adjective to " attendants " ) Am I right? I hope for your kind explanation. I also hope to have your answer to my...Read More...
'Her attendants absent' is a shortened form of 'her attendants being absent.' It's correct. This construction -- quite formal and not so frequently used -- is called a nominative absolute. You can find out more about nominative absolutes on these threads: http://thegrammarexchange.info...741011744#1741011744 http://thegrammarexchange.info...151056454#6151056454 _____ Now, about your simplified sentences, Sayed: Yes, we could use your wording, too: - and her absent attendants swallowed fire.Read More...

Which is correct?

Which is correct to say in each set below? 1. Grammar and Morphology. 2. Syntax and Morphology. .............................. 1. Quran Readings. 2. Quranic Readings. .............................. 1. Third year Grand Point Average. 2. Third year General Point Average. .............................. 1. Director General of Education boys AT Riyadh Region. 2. Director General of boys Education IN Riyadh Region. .............................. 1. School Principal. 2. School Headmaster.Read More...
Thanks a lot.Read More...

My forum rights?

I wonder whether there are certain conditions that I have to fulfill so that I can send private messages or view other member's profiles in this forum??? I still have not got the right to do so!!!Read More...
I will investigate this. Really, when we set up the Grammar Exchange, I was not aware of differences in privileges. I would like our members to have access to the information they want, but I definitely do not want to effect a general accessibility to everyone's email address or other information. Members have written to me to request other member's addresses. This method is a bit unwieldy, but I think much safer in this day and age.Read More...

join in

Can one say: a. We joined in dancing. Does that mean we all started dancing together or does it mean some people were dancing and we started dancing as well? b. Two Democrat senators joined in clearing the bill. If this is correct, it ought to mean that they started participating in the act of clearin the bill.Read More...
In the first sentence, 'joined in' is a phrasal verb that means, as you note, begin participating in an activity that has already started. We would probably say, 'We joined in the dancing. The second sentence is a little different. In this one, the meaning is a bit ambiguous. It could mean that the two senators entered the activity of clearing the bill after others had begun. But it could also mean that the two senators formed a couple -- joined with each other -- in order to clear the bill.Read More...

comparing/compared

cocoricot
Dear teachers, "But this is nothing compared/comparing to what people can do." I think it would be "comparing" but I am not sure. Please tell me. ThanksRead More...
"compared to" is the right choice.Read More...

will be ready/will have been ready

cocoricot
Dear teachers, Is it ok to use the future tense "will be" or is "will have been" better? 1.The car will be ready for him by the time he comes. 2.The car will have been ready for him by the time he comes. Thank you.Read More...
I'd like to add a bit to this discussion. If you say, 'My car will have been ready,' the implication is that it was ready but that it isn't ready any longer. This hardly makes sense. If, however, you say, 'My car will have been ready for an hour / for three hours / for quite a long time that would extend the situation of being ready. 'My car will have been fixed' carries the meaning of 'already': "My car will already have been fixed.' We can't say, [strike]'My car will already have been...Read More...

People said that

cocoricot
Dear teachers, Which sentence expresses the same idea as the original one? "People said that Peter had won the first prize." a. Peter was said to win the first prize. b. Peter was said to have won the first prize. I think (a) would be correct. Please tell me if it is correct? Thanks.Read More...
My half-penny: You win first prize, guys; you don't win the first prize.Read More...

Future Tense

(1) You ______ for another two years before you graduate from this University. A. will be studying B. will study Is there any difference in meaning between A and B here? The key is A.Read More...
Oh, thank you, Rachel. I really liked your posting. I could sometimes feel what you just said about future progressive, but I had never managed to put it into words. I wish I had more time to spend on the GERead More...

sentenses with whose!

Which is better please: 1. These are the names of the schools whose students' parents should fill in the forms. 2. These are the names of the schools the parents of whose students should fill in the forms. Are they both correct?Read More...
I just thought by using number 2 I would sound more formal and pedanticRead More...

correction?

Hi, Please see the attachment. I wonder what is meant by the hi-lighted word in that context. In other words, what is the author is trying to say? I also wonder if it is correct to have a completer sentence out of one word i.e. correctionRead More...
Thanks a lot, Richard. It is clear now with you punctuate it. BTW, the author is my hero, David Crystal.Read More...

have

A typical dinner scene would take place in the dining room with the father at the head of the table and the mother at the other end of the table. The children would be seated on both sides of the table in between their mother and father. So how does this differ from reality? To start out, the nuclear family is not commonplace in American society. In fact, the nuclear family only ranks as the third most common household in America. A more common household dinner would have a father and his...Read More...
The very first sentence of the passage you cited says "dinner scene," Jey, so there's no need to say it here; it's understood. At any rate, it's really not a necessary word. The writer could just as easily have said, "A typical dinner would take place ..."Read More...

take

cocoricot
Dear teachers, I am rewriting this sentence with the words given “It won’t …” “I’ll have finished the book in a very short while” =>It won’t …. My try: =>It won’t have taken me long to finish the book. Thanks.Read More...
The first sentence means that you're going to finish the book in a short while. So simply say It won't take me long to finish the book.Read More...

That clause

cocoricot
Dear teachers, Please tell me if the two sentences are correct? 1. Marta, chosen as the most outstanding student on her campus, made her parents very happy. 2. That Marta was chosen as the most outstanding student on her camplus made her parents very happy. Thank you very much.Read More...
As usual, I never forget to thank you, Richard.Read More...

company

Is "it" or "they" the pronoun of "the company"?Read More...
Right. Here's more on 'collective nouns,' which refers to a group. In AmE, the noun is usually singular, while in BrE, it is usually plural: http://thegrammarexchange.info...271075574#2271075574Read More...

prepositions at he end of a sentence

Hi, i´d like to know how I can call a sentence when this sentence finishes with a preposition.For exemple: Where are you going to?/ what´s he good at?What´s the name of this subject in English?Read More...
Even though I don't fully agree with it, Rogerio, the name given to this construction is a postposed preposition . By the way, the only preposition we use with where in a standard English question is from , so that first example of yours should only be Where are you going? There are people in some areas who include the use of at in questions with where . For example, Where's he at? / Where did you leave it at? But this is considered nonstandard English.Read More...

after-thoughts

Are these sentence correct: (The phrases after the comma are supposed to be after-thoughts. That's why there are commas.) 1-I listened to his lecture, about the new economic theories. 2-I bought a new pitcher, with a very strange handle. (Meaning: I bought a new pitcher, which has a very strange handle.) 3-I bought an antique dagger, in a very nice scabbard.Read More...
I just don't consider what comes after the commas as afterthoughts, Navi. To tell you the truth, I don't think those commas should be there. Here are examples of afterthoughts (in bold): Why don't you and your husband come to dinner Saturday evening? In fact, why don't you bring your kids, too? Why don't you and your husband come to dinner Saturday night -- that is, if you don't already have plans for then .Read More...
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